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Biskup E.,Shanghai University | Yang X.-Y.,Second Military Medical College

Pyogenic hepatic abscesses are rare, and fatal if untreated. Recent progresses in diagnostic and interventional radiology facilitated their management. However, abscesses located in the caudate lobe are still a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, especially to general internists, who tend to overtreatment. Literature of this specific form of hepatic abscess is scarce. The aim of this article was to review the existing literature on caudate lobe abscesses, as well as to provide a brief overview over pyogenic liver abscesses in order to draw attention of general internists to this important differential diagnosis and facilitate the decision-making on therapy. We underline that current evidence suggests a less is more position, so as to warrant a quality approach. Source

Zhang K.,University of Rochester | Tian Y.,Second Military Medical College | Yin L.,University of Florida | Zhang M.,University of Florida | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

Purpose: Epidermal keratinocytes, which can be severely damaged after ionizing radiation (IR), are rapid turnover cells that function as a barrier, protecting the host from pathogenic invasion and fluid loss. We tested fibroblast growth factor-peptide (FGF-P), a small peptide derived from the receptor-binding domain of FGF-2, as a potential mitigator of radiation effects via proliferation and the barrier function of keratinocytes. Methods and Materials: Keratinocytes isolated from neonatal foreskin were grown on transwells. After being exposed to 0, 5, or 10 Gy IR, the cells were treated with a vehicle or FGF-P. The permeability of IR cells was assessed by using transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and a paracellular tracer flux of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) with Ussing chambers. The cell proliferation was measured with yellow tetrazolium salt (MTT) and tritiated thymidine ([ 3H]-TdR) assays. The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) was measured in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA)-like assay, and the proteins related to tight junctions (TJ) and adherens junctions (AJ) were examined with Western blotting. We used a mouse model to assess the ability of FGF-P to promote the healing of skin β burns created with a strontium applicator. Results: We found (1) FGF-P reduced the permeability of irradiated keratinocytes, as evidenced by increased TEER and decreased diffusion of FITC-BSA, both associated with the regulation of different proteins and levels of TJ and AJ; and (2) FGF-P enhanced the proliferation of irradiated keratinocytes, as evidenced by increased MTT activity and [ 3H]-TdR incorporation, which was associated with activation of the ERK pathway; and (3) FGF-P promoted the healing of skin β burns. Conclusions: FGF-P enhances the barrier function, including up-regulation of TJ proteins, increases proliferation of human keratinocytes, and accelerates the healing of skin β burns. FGF-P is a promising mitigator that improves the proliferation and barrier function of keratinocytes after IR. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

Tang Y.F.,Second Military Medical College
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi

To improve the understanding of congenital quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV), explore its echocardiographic diagnostic value and summarize the methods and outcomes of surgical treatments. The clinical data of 11 QAV patients from January 2000 to December 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males and 2 females with a mean operative age of (32±16) years (range: 4-55). In 766 patients undergoing aortic valve surgery, 11 were of congenital quadricuspid aortic valve (1.4%); cardiac pathology: infective endocarditis (n=1), left superior vena cava (n=1), aortic aneurysm (n=1), mitral prolapse (n=1) and tricuspid insufficiency (n=1). The patients of congenital QAV deformity was diagnosed by echocardiography (n=7), misdiagnosed as single valve (n=1), misdiagnosed as bicuspid valve (n=1) and misdiagnosed as rheumatic heart disease (n=2). Type B (n=7), Type A (n=2), Type F (n=1) and Type G (n=1). Eleven patients underwent the procedure of aortic valve replacement. And the concomitant procedures were aortic root broadening (n=1), ascending aortoplasty (n=1), mitral valvuloplasty (n=1) and tricuspid valvuloplasty (n=1). Quadricuspid aortic valve is rare in clinical practice. And echocardiography plays an important diagnostic role. Surgical replacement of aortic valve is the first-line therapy for these patients. Source

Wang W.,Fujian Medical University | Zhang M.,University of Florida | Sun W.,University of Florida | Sun W.,Second Military Medical College | And 11 more authors.

Most human pancreatic cancer cells are resistant to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis. However, the mechanisms by which pancreatic cancer cells utilize their extracellular molecules to counteract the proapoptotic signaling mediated by the TNF family are largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time that DcR3, a secreted decoy receptor that malignant pancreatic cancer cells express at a high level, acts as an extracellular antiapoptotic molecule by binding to TRAIL and counteracting its death-promoting function. The reduction of DcR3 with siRNA unmasked TRAIL and greatly enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Gemcitabine, a first-line drug for pancreatic cancer, also reduced the level of DcR3. The addition of DcR3 siRNA further enhanced gemcitabine-induced apoptosis. Notably, our in vivo study demonstrated that the therapeutic effect of gemcitabine could be enhanced via further reduction of DcR3, suggesting that downregulation of DcR3 in tumor cells could tip the balance of pancreatic cells towards apoptosis and potentially serve as a new strategy for pancreatic cancer therapy. © 2013 Wang et al. Source

Nagasao T.,Keio University | Miyamoto J.,Keio University | Uchikawa Y.,Keio University | Tamaki T.,Saitama Institute of Technology | And 4 more authors.
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal

Objective: The coronal ring of patients with unilateral coronal synostosis (UCS) presents premature fusion. This study aims to elucidate whether or not the dynamic behavior of the orbit in response to intracranial pressure (ICP) differs between patients in whom the premature fusion exists only in the frontoparietal suture (FPS) and those in whom the premature fusion extends to the frontosphenoidal suture (FSS). Methods: A total of 15 UCS patients were included in the present study. Patients in whom premature fusion was seen inside the FPS and those in whom premature fusion extended to the FSS were categorized as FP Only (4.2 6 1.4 m/ o) and FP + FS groups (4.6 6 2.2 m/o), respectively. On the basis of computed tomography (CT) data, computer-aided design models were produced. Pressure of 15 mm Hg was applied to the neurocranium of each skull model to simulate ICP. Using the finite element method, the displacements presented by each model's orbits were calculated. Displacements of the two groups were compared. Results: The orbit demonstrated greater displacement in the FP Only group than in the FP + FS group, suggesting that premature closure of the FSS disturbs growth of the orbit in response to ICP. Conclusion: In performing surgical treatment for UCS, the degree of fusion that the FSS presents should be evaluated carefully. In cases in which the FSS presents premature fusion, it is recommended to release the fusion at an early stage of cranial growth to improve the appearance of the orbital region. Source

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