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San Sebastián de los Reyes, Spain

Areses Trapote R.,Seccion de Nefrologia Pediatrica | Sanahuja Ibanez M.J.,Hospital Infantil Universitario La Fe | Navarro M.,Hospital Universitario La Paz
Nefrologia | Year: 2010

Objective: A national registry of children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) was started in 2007. We analize it to know the incidence, prevalence, demography, etiology, clinical and metabolic state of the children with CKD, in stages 2-5 pre-dialysis, and complying with the K/DOQI guidelines. Material and methods: In the REPIR II 46 centers distributed throughout the Spanish geography are involved. To classify and evaluate comorbidity of the disease, the Clinical Practice Guidelines K/DOQI criteria are used. Each center provides an annual developmental data of each patient which is recorded in a On-line database. Inclusion criteria: patients with CKD who are between stage 2 and 5 in predialysis and which are 18 years old or less. Results: In 2008 there were 605 patients with CKD, the incidence was 8.66 per million of pediatric population (pmpp) and the prevalence was 71.06 pmpp. Structural anomalies was the primary cause of CKD (59% of the cases). The percentage of glomerular diseases was very low (3%). There was a clear predominance of males (66%) and Caucasian race (88%). Mean GFR was 52 ± 2 ml/min/1.73 m2 with 82% of them in stage 2 and 3. The prevalence of anaemia was 30%. Only 19% of our patients had hypertension and only 17% of them fulfilled the 4 recommendations for calcium-phosphorus metabolism of K/DOQI Guidelines. Mean height Z-Score was-1.03 ± 2. There were 136 patients (25%) who had a mean height ZScore of size <-1.88. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis only a meaningful relationship between age and height was identified. All the children under 2 years old had a 40% higher probability of having a short height (OR = 1.40; P <0.01). The percentage of malnutrition (BMI Z-Score <1.88) was 7%, mostly in the 0-2 years old group. Conclusions: We report the first study that performs a prospective analysis of incidence, prevalence, etiology and comorbidity of CKD in the pediatric population of the Spanish State. Given the short life of this record the data presented is provisional and may suffer meanful changes in coming years. © 2010 Revista Nefrología. Órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nefrología. Source

Zafra Anta M.,Servicio de Pediatria | Fernandez Menendez J.M.,Servicio de Pediatria | Bassat Q.,University of Barcelona | Fernandez Teijeiro J.J.,Real Academia de Medicina de Cantabria | And 2 more authors.
Anales de Pediatria | Year: 2014

Between the 19th and 25th April 1914, the First Spanish Congress of Paediatrics was held in Palma de Mallorca under the slogan "Protect the Children". The specialty had broken away a few years earlier from its secular connection with Obstetrics and Gynaecology, both in its teaching aspect as well as regarding healthcare. With the newly created Chairs in Childhood Diseases, in a way this Congress meant the coming-of age and debut int society of paediatrics in our country. Prof. Martínez Vargas, a university professor in Barcelona, was the Chairman, and soul of the congress. There was a need to face a very high rate of infant mortality. The Congress responded to that social and sanitary/health demand with the participation of over three hundred pediatricians, including foreign representatives from Belgium, France, Russia and Latin America. The activities were divided into four sections: Childcare, Child Medicine, Surgery and Health, and accredited lecturers gave master classes on the most pressing issues of child pathology of the time. One hundred years on, what we are today is the fruit gathered by those who preceded us. Some were brilliant figures in paediatrics and others, the majority, anonymous paediatricians. They dedicated their lives, their science and their best smile to child care. The way we were and the way we are. With legitimate pride and satisfaction, it is an honour for the Group on the History of Paediatrics and AEP Documentation to celebrate this centennial commemoration in the framework of the Annals of Paediatrics. © 2013 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved. Source

Montanes Bermudez R.,Servicio Of Laboratorio | Gracia Garcia S.,Servicio Of Laboratorio | Fraga Rodriguez G.M.,Seccion de Nefrologia Pediatrica | Escribano Subias J.,Asociacion Espanola de Nefrologia Pediatrica AENP | And 5 more authors.
Anales de Pediatria | Year: 2014

The appearance of the K/DOQI guidelines in 2002 on the definition, evaluation and staging of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have led to a major change in how to assess renal function in adults and children. These guidelines, recently updated, recommended that the study of renal function is based, not only on measuring the serum creatinine concentration, but this must be accompanied by the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) obtained by an equation. However, the implementation of this recommendation in the clinical laboratory reports in the paediatric population has been negligible. Numerous studies have appeared in recent years on the importance of screening and monitoring of patients with CKD, the emergence of new equations for estimating GFR, and advances in clinical laboratories regarding the methods for measuring plasma creatinine and cystatin C, determined by the collaboration between the departments of paediatrics and clinical laboratories to establish recommendations based on the best scientific evidence on the use of equations to estimate GFR in this population. The purpose of this document is to provide recommendations on the evaluation of renal function and the use of equations to estimate GFR in children from birth to 18 years of age. The recipients of these recommendations are paediatricians, nephrologists, clinical biochemistry, clinical analysts, and all health professionals involved in the study and evaluation of renal function in this group of patients. © 2013 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L. All rights reserved. Source

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