Leoben, Austria
Leoben, Austria

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Sieber A.,Seabear Diving Technology | Sieber A.,Acreo Ab | Kuch B.,Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies | Enoksson P.,Chalmers University of Technology | Stoyanova-Sieber M.,Seabear Diving Technology
Underwater Technology | Year: 2012

Professional divers often dive in conditions of very low visibility. In such situations, a head-up display has many advantages as water clarity does not affect the ability to see the display. In addition, a head-up display allows divers to continuously monitor all relevant dive data without interrupting their work. The present paper details the development of a new diving computer that has been designed with a headup display and integrated into an AGA type full face mask. The device includes a full colour display, depth sensor, tiltcompensated compass and a tank pressure sensor. Typical dive relevant data (depth, time, decompression obligations) including tank pressure and heading are displayed and stored in the internal flash memory.


Sieber A.,SEABEAR Diving Technology | Sieber A.,Chalmers University of Technology | Schuster A.,SEABEAR Diving Technology | Schuster A.,Acreo Ab | And 3 more authors.
Marine Technology Society Journal | Year: 2013

Rebreather divers use LED-based head-up displays (HUD) as a primary display and warning device for the partial pressure of O2 in the breathing loop. Such devices are usually mounted on the mouthpiece of the rebreather in the field of vision of the diver. LED-based HUDs are simple devices and can be designed so that they are easy to understand but have limited information content. Few alphanumeric or graphical screen-based HUDs have been developed in the past. Connecting such a device to a rebreather requires cable links, which divers dislike, and increases the risk of entanglement. State-of-the-art wireless data transmission uses ultrasonic waves or lowfrequency electromagnetic waves; the former is not silent, and the latter achieves only very low data transmission rates of a few bytes per second and does not meet the antimagnetic standards required by military divers. The present paper describes a novel HUD system that incorporates a simple LED-based primary HUD along with an advanced secondary head-up diving computer with a micro organic LED screen. An optical infrared data transmission system is used to transmit all rebreather relevant data fromthe primary to the secondary device. One prototype of the system was manufactured and successfully tested in the laboratory according to relevant European standards as well as during several dives in fresh and sea water.


Sieber A.,SEABEAR Diving Technology | Sieber A.,Chalmers University of Technology | Schuster A.,SEABEAR Diving Technology | Schuster A.,Acreo Ab | And 5 more authors.
Marine Technology Society Journal | Year: 2013

Recreational rebreathers are increasingly popular, and recreational diver training organizations now routinely offer training for rebreather diving. Few rebreathers on the market, however, fulfill the criteria of a dedicated recreational rebreather. These remain based on traditional sensor technology, which may be linked to rebreather use having an estimated 10 times the risk of mortality while diving compared with open circuit breathing systems. In the present work, a new recreational rebreather based on two innovative approaches is described. Firstly, the rebreather uses a novel sensor system including voltammetric and spectroscopic validation of galvanic pO2 sensor cells, a redundant optical pO2 sensor, and a two-wavelength infrared pCO2 sensor. Secondly, a new breathing loop design is introduced, which reduces failure points, improves work of breathing, and can be mass fabricated at a comparatively low cost. Two prototypes were assembled and tested in the laboratory at a notified body for personal protective equipment before both pool and sea water diving trials. Work of breathing was well below the maximum allowed by the European Normative. These trials also demonstrated that optical pO2 sensors can be successfully employed in rebreathers. The pCO2 sensor detected pCO2 from 0.0004 to 0.0024 bar. These new approaches, which include a new concept for simplified mechanical design as well as improved electronic control, may prove useful in future recreational diving apparatus.

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