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Chicago, IL, United States

Arputham J.,SDI Inc
Environment and Urbanization | Year: 2012

This paper explains how community-driven enumerations were first undertaken in Janata Colony in Mumbai, India in the early 1970s as a way of fighting the threat of eviction. Jockin Arputham was a resident of Janata and was drawn into community organizing to fight this eviction. The enumerations provided evidence of the importance of Janata's economy and of the many legal facilities there, including electricity and telephone poles and licensed shops. This supported the residents' case in court that Janata was a legal settlement. Undertaking the enumerations helped mobilize the population and provided them with information about their settlement that helped them consider their priorities. The paper also describes how enumerations of pavement dwellers helped them get a legal address, and through this ration cards, and a dialogue with municipal authorities. The author suggests that surveys of informal settlements are needed before any physical development is planned; also that they should be undertaken by the residents and their community organizations, to learn, to mobilize and to plan their own development so that they are not dependent on outsiders doing so. © 2012 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).


Slum dweller federations, like many other social movements, cater for the youth in their constituencies. This is critical to their relevance as agents of change and contributes to the sustainability of the movements. However, the youth formations are not merely scaled-down versions of the movements and often grapple with a set of dynamics unique to that transitory period in life. This story is a case study of the youth federation that is aligned to Kenya's slum dwellers federation. © 2011 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).


Patent
SDI Inc | Date: 2010-08-31

A container ( The liquid and powder are mixed to form a paste. The paste is accessed by an applicator which breaks the frangible membrane ( The container is especially envisaged for use in mixing of components to provide a paste for dental use.


Patent
SDI Inc | Date: 2010-08-31

A container (


The present disclosure provides rechargeable battery systems and methods. A rechargeable battery is provided that is configured to be removably coupled to a first electronic device. The electronic device includes a plurality of electrical device contacts. The rechargeable battery includes a plurality of electrical battery contacts configured for input and output of electrical energy between the rechargeable battery and the first electronic device upon electrically coupling the plurality of electrical battery contacts to the plurality of electrical device contacts. The rechargeable battery includes an output port configured for output of electrical energy from the rechargeable battery to a second electronic device. The rechargeable battery permits connection of the output port to the second electronic device to output electrical energy from the rechargeable battery to the second electronic device as the battery is being charged by the first electronic device.

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