Time filter

Source Type

Simin S.,University of Novi Sad | Spasojevic Kosic L.,University of Novi Sad | Kuruca L.,University of Novi Sad | Pavlovic I.,Scientific Veterinary Institute of Serbia | And 2 more authors.
Parasites and Vectors | Year: 2014

Findings: In March 2013, a female hunting dog was presented to a veterinary clinic in Novi Sad, Serbia, for examination of a chronic skin problem. The dog had no history of respiratory or cardiovascular diseases. Faecal and urine samples were collected and examined for the presence of parasite ova/cysts. A modified Baermann test detected 8.8 larvae per gram of faeces. Based on their overall body length (mean 381.7 ± 15.9 μm; range from 342.5 to 404.3 μm; n = 12) and characteristic tail morphology, they were identified as the first-stage larvae of A. vasorum.Background: Angiostrongylus vasorum is a cardiopulmonary canine nematode, potentially fatal to its host. In the last decade, there has been an increasing number of autochthonous cases in areas previously considered non-endemic. However, information about the parasite's occurrence and distribution among Central and Eastern (Southeastern) European countries are scarce. This paper reports the first recorded case of autochthonous A. vasorum infection in a hunting dog from Serbia.Conclusions: The spread of A. vasorum to the southeast of Europe is further confirmed after finding autochthonous infected dog from Serbia. Therefore, veterinary professionals in Serbia should consider A. vasorum in differential diagnosis of dogs. © 2014 Simin et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Bojkovski J.,University of Belgrade | Vasic A.,University of Belgrade | Bugarski D.,Scientific Veterinary Institute | Zdravkovic N.,University of Belgrade | And 7 more authors.
Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science | Year: 2015

Schmallenberg virus is the emerging pathogen which affects bovine, ovine and caprine species throughout Europe. It was detected for the first time in 2011 in Germany near the town of Schmallenberg (North Rhine-Westphalia). It is classified in family Bunyaviridae and Orthobunyavirus genus and it is not a zoonotic agent. Due to current epizootiological situation in surrounding countries the serological investigation of the presence of specific antibodies to carried out in the Republic of Serbia. Total of 119 dairy cattle blood sera were collected in May and June 2013 in 5 different locations in the Republic of Serbia. Most of the cows were grazing on pastures, heavily infestated by ticks and susceptible for bites of the vectors. The method used in this study was commercial indirect ELISA test for detection of specific Schmallenberg antibodies (ID Screen Schmallenberg virus indirect-IDvet Innovative Diagnostics). From the total of 119 cattle blood sera 16 from two different locations were tested positive and one serum in the third location had doubtful reaction. These are the first results of seropositivity to Schmallenberg virus in the Republic of Serbia. From the results obtained in this study it can be said that the Schmallenberg virus is in circulation in the Republic of Serbia and further investigations are needed in order to obtain virus isolate. © 2015, National Centre for Agrarian Sciences. All rights reserved. Source

Milicevic D.R.,Serbian Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology | Jovanovic M.,University of Belgrade | Matekalo-Sverak V.F.,Serbian Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology | Radicevic T.,Serbian Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Archive of Oncology | Year: 2011

Background: Toxicological investigations of tissues of normally slaughtered chickens were carried out to provide preliminary evaluation of the incidence of OTA in chicken tissues (n=90). Majority of tissue samples were not found to contain measurable amounts of OTA, while in general, the OTA levels found in the analyzed tissue were low. Methods: The presence of OTA in tissue samples was determined by HPLC-FL after liquid-liquid extraction procedure. Method validation was performed according to the Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. Results: Of the 90 liver, kidney and gizzard samples originating from chicken farms located in the different agricultural areas of Serbia, OTA was reported in 23 (38.33%), 17 (28.3%) and 16 (26.6%) samples, respectively, with levels ranging from 0.14 to 3.9 ng/g in liver, 0.1 to 7.02 ng/g in kidneys and 0.25 to 9.94 ng/g in gizzard. None of the tissue samples contained more than the maximum level (10 ng/g) recommended by the European Commission. Conclusion: Low OTA results also suggested that chicken meat available in the retail market is unlikely to pose an adverse health risk to the consumers in respect to OTA toxicity. © 2011, Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica. Source

Stijepic M.,Higher Medical School | Glusac J.,Higher Medical School | Durdevic-milosevic D.,Anahem Laboratory | Pesic-Mikulec D.,Scientific Veterinary Institute of Serbia
Romanian Biotechnological Letters | Year: 2013

The main objectives of this study were (1) to produce control cow's yoghurt that will serve as basis of comparison for produced cow's and soy yoghurts with added probiotic cultures and inulin as prebiotic, (2) to determine trend of change of pH values in yoghurt during the fermentation, (3) to investigate the changes of some physicochemical properties of experimental designed yoghurts during the refrigerated storage. The drop in pH during fermentation was faster in the cow's milk than in soymilk. During the storage at 4 °C the pH value of the fermented products remained mostly unchanged compared to control sample under same condition of storage. No great differences are noticed among the viscosities and water holding capacity (WHC) after 1st and 20th day of storage. Only after 10th day of storage were noted increasing in WHC in all of produced yoghurt sample, except fermented cow's milk with 3% inulin addition. Statistical analysis of experimental results showed no difference in syneresis among observed samples and control sample. This research proves that there are serious confirmations those supporting develop of new soy yoghurt formulation. Stability during storage is important characteristic what is proved observing physicochemical characteristics of produced samples of soy yoghurt. © 2013 University of Bucharest. Source

Milicevic D.R.,Serbian Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology | Jovanovic M.,University of Belgrade | Juric V.B.,University of Novi Sad | Petrovic Z.I.,Serbian Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology | Vukovic D.Z.,Scientific Veterinary Institute of Serbia
Archive of Oncology | Year: 2010

Background: In order to ensure the safety of consumers in Serbia, the toxic elements' (Cd, Hg, As, Pb) content in swine kidneys collected from three different sites in Serbia (n=90), were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. Also, in order to find information on the effects of accumulation of toxic elements in swine kidneys, histopathological examination of kidneys was carried out. Methods: Determination of toxic elements (Cd, Hg, As, Pb) in swine kidneys was performed by atomic absorption spectrometry. For microscopic examination, kidney samples were fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin and absolute alcohol for 5 to 7 days, processed by routine methods, sectioned at 5-8 μm, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) for light microscopy. Results: The presence of mercury was found in 33.3% of kidney samples in the range of 0.005-0.055 mg/kg, while presence of cadmium was found in less degree (27.7%) but in higher content (0.05-1,23 mg/kg). The presence of arsenic was found only in one sample, while presence of lead was not found. The metal-to-metal correlation analysis supported the theory that there were different sources of contamination. Histopathological examination of kidneys confirms tubulopathies with edema and cell vacuolization. In addition, hemorrhages and necrosis of proximal kidney tubules' cells were found. Conclusion: This study shows the presence of toxic elements in pigs butchered in Serbia at levels comparable to those reported in other countries., and consequently do not represent any concern from a consumer safety point of view. The lack of strong correlation between histopathological changes and incidence of toxic elements found in our trial may explain the possible synergism among toxic elements and other nephrotoxic compounds, which enhances the toxicity, especially in cases of low contamination. © 2010, Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica. Source

Discover hidden collaborations