La Plata, Argentina
La Plata, Argentina

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Eissa B.L.,National University of Luján | Eissa B.L.,Scientific Research Commission | Eissa B.L.,Institute of Ecology and Sustainable Development INEDES UNLu | Ossana N.A.,National University of Luján | And 8 more authors.
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology | Year: 2010

The disruptive sublethal effects of heavy metals on behavioral parameters of fish as biomarkers of aquatic toxicity have been scarcely studied. We investigated the impact of exposure to sublethal waterborne cadmium on locomotory parameters of three freshwater teleosts: Cyprinus carpio as reference species, and Australoheros facetum (sin. Cichlasoma facetum) and Astyanax fasciatus, native to Pampean ecosystems in Argentina, using a noninvasive bioassay under laboratory conditions. Fish were successively transferred to media containing freshwater (control period), Cd 2+ solutions (exposure period), and freshwater (recovery period). The behavioral biomarkers evaluated were swimming activity and swimming speed of fish. The metal provoked different responses of both parameters after 4-7 days of exposure; the reversibility of changes was also assessed. It was concluded that: (a) locomotion parameters are sensitive endpoints and useful biomarkers in behavioral studies of freshwater toxicity, (b) the applied bioassay could be a valuable tool in water quality monitoring, and (c) the studied species differed in their susceptibility to the toxicant as well as in their capacity to return to basal values. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Mastrangelo M.,National University of Luján | Ferrari L.,National University of Luján | Ferrari L.,Scientific Research Commission
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology | Year: 2013

The poeciliid Cnesterodon decemmaculatus is one of the native species of southern South America recently recommended for use as a test species in biomonitoring. Therefore, it is important to characterize its responses to stress conditions caused by pollution. The aim of this work was to determine the toxicity of the reference toxicant cadmium (Cd) and to evaluate the lethality response of juveniles of C. decemmaculatus exposed to an environmental sample with a high degree of pollution (Luján River, Buenos Aires, Argentina). The LC50 values at 24 and 96 h were 6.00 and 2.27 mg Cd/L, respectively. The uptake of Cd was significantly greater in the first 24 h in relation to the total time of exposure in the bioassay. The toxicity of the water was in agreement with the level of contamination. A Cd contaminant pulse exerted an important additive effect on the toxicity of the environmental sample. The results provide information regarding the sensitivity of a native species to be used as a test organism in environmental monitoring. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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