Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN

Telese Terme, Italy

Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN

Telese Terme, Italy
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Conson M.,The Second University of Naples | Pistoia F.,Instituto San Raffaele | Pistoia F.,University of L'Aquila | Sara M.,Instituto San Raffaele | And 3 more authors.
Brain and Cognition | Year: 2010

Several lines of evidence demonstrate that the motor system is involved in motor simulation of actions, but some uncertainty exists about the consequences of lesions of descending motor pathways on mental imagery tasks. Moreover, recent findings suggest that the motor system could also have a role in recognition of body parts. To address these issues in the present study we assessed patients with a complete damage of descending motor pathways (locked-in syndrome, LIS) on the hand laterality task, requiring subjects to decide whether a hand stimulus in a given spatial orientation represents a left or a right hand. LIS patients were less accurate than healthy controls in judging hand laterality; more importantly, LIS patients' performance was modulated by spatial orientation of hand stimuli whereas it was not affected by biomechanical constraints. These findings demonstrate a dissociation between spared hand recognition and impaired access to action simulation processes in LIS patients. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Estraneo A.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Moretta P.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Loreto V.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Lanzillo B.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | And 5 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2013

Objective: The number of patients in prolonged postanoxic vegetative state (VS) is increasing. However, little information is available about prognostic markers of long-term outcome in patients who remain in VS more than 1 month postonset. The present 2-year prospective clinical study aimed to identify prognosticmarkers, recorded in the chronic phase, thatmight be useful for predicting recovery of responsiveness in a cohort of postanoxic VS patients. Methods: We enrolled 43 inpatients with prolonged anoxic VS (23 female; age range 12-83 years). We collected data about medical history, clinical findings, and neurophysiological assessments at study entry (1-6 months postonset), and assessed their relationships with outcome at 24 months postonset; for defining outcome, patientswere classified as responsive or unresponsive on the basis of clinical criteria and on Coma Recovery Scale Revised (CRS-R). Results: Nine patients had recovered responsiveness (but 2 of themdied after awakening),whereas 12 patients remained in VS and 22 had died in VS. Functional abilities were severely affected in all responsive survivors. Responsive patients were significantly younger and showed higher CRS-R total score and lower Disability Rating Scale score at study entry than patients who did not recover. All responsive survivors had spared pupillary light reflex and nociceptive response, and paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity. Logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials and CRS-R total score $6 were significant predictors of recovery of responsiveness. Conclusions: Clinical features and evoked potentials are useful predictors of long-term recovery of responsiveness in patients with prolonged postanoxic VS. © 2013 American Academy of Neurology.

Trojano L.,The Second University of Naples | Trojano L.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Moretta P.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Loreto V.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2012

The study of eye behavior is of paramount importance in the differential diagnosis of disorders of consciousness (DoC). In spite of this, assessment of eye movement patterns in patients with vegetative state (VS) or minimally conscious state (MCS) only relies on clinical evaluation. In this study we aimed to provide a quantitative assessment of visual tracking behavior in response to moving stimuli in DoC patients. Nine VS patients and nine MCS patients were recruited in a Neurorehabilitation Unit for patients with chronic DoC; 11 matched healthy subjects were tested as the control group. All participants underwent a quantitative evaluation of eye-tracking pattern by means of a computerized infrared eye-tracker system; stimuli were represented by a red circle or a small color picture slowly moving on a PC monitor. The proportion of on- or off-target fixations differed significantly between MCS and VS. Most importantly, the distribution of fixations on or off the target in all VS patients was at or below the chance level, whereas in the MCS group seven out of nine patients showed a proportion of on-target fixations significantly higher than the chance level. Fixation length did not differ among the three groups significantly. The present quantitative assessment of visual behaviour in a tracking task demonstrated that MCS and VS patients differ in the proportion of on-target fixations. These results could have important clinical implications since the quantitative analysis of visual behavior might provide additional elements in the differential diagnosis of DoC. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

Estraneo A.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Moretta P.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Loreto V.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Lanzillo B.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | And 3 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2010

Objectives: Late recovery of awareness in vegetative state (VS) is considered as an exceptional outcome, and has been reported prevalently after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present prospective study aimed to verify frequency of late recovery (later than 1 year postonset in TBI and 3 months postonset in patients without TBI) of responsiveness and consciousness in traumatic and nontraumatic long-lasting (more than 6 months after onset) VS. Methods: Fifty inpatients with long-lasting VS (36% TBI, 36% hemorrhagic, and 28% anoxic) were enrolled and followed up for a mean of 25.7 months from onset (5 patients for more than 4 years). Level of responsiveness and functional disability were evaluated by means of validated scales (Coma Recovery Scale-Revised and Disability Rating Scale). Results: At the end of the study, 21 patients (42%) had died, 17 patients (34%) were in VS, and 2 patients with TBI (4%) had recovered responsiveness within 12 months postonset. The remaining 10 (20%) patients with TBI and patients without TBI showed late recovery of responsiveness; 6 of them (12%) further progressed to consciousness. Late recovery was significantly associated with younger age and was relatively more frequent in TBI. Functional abilities were severely impaired in all patients. Conclusions: This clinical study demonstrates that late recovery of responsiveness and consciousness is not exceptional in patients with traumatic and nontraumatic VS, although with residual severe disability. Copyright © 2010 by AAN Enterprises, Inc. All rights reserved.

Trojano L.,The Second University of Naples | Trojano L.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Moretta P.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Estraneo A.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Santoro L.,University of Naples Federico II
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation | Year: 2010

Trojano L, Moretta P, Estraneo A, Santoro L. Neuropsychologic assessment and cognitive rehabilitation in a patient with locked-in syndrome and left neglect. We describe a patient affected by severe incomplete locked-in syndrome (LIS) and left neglect caused by a combination of vascular lesions. Our patient's neglect prevented the use of augmentative communication devices based on a computerized eye-tracker system. For this reason, we adapted a visual scanning training for neglect rehabilitation. At the end of the rehabilitative training, the patient had regained full exploration of the monitor and could use the eye-tracker system for communicative purposes. This case report shows that specific rehabilitative approaches can be devised in severely disabled LIS patients with additional brain lesions and specific cognitive defects. © 2010 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Di Minno M.N.D.,University of Naples Federico II | Peluso R.,University of Naples Federico II | Iervolino S.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Lupoli R.,University of Naples Federico II | And 3 more authors.
Arthritis Care and Research | Year: 2013

Objective We prospectively evaluated whether obesity impacts achievement of minimal disease activity (MDA) in subjects with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods Among PsA subjects with an active disease and who were starting a treatment with tumor necrosis factor α blockers, 135 obese (body mass index [BMI] >30 kg/m2) patients and 135 patients of normal weight (controls) were followed up for 24 months. At baseline and at the 12- and 24-month followup, all subjects underwent a clinical, rheumatologic, and laboratory assessment. Results With the exception of the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, case and control subjects were similar for all the clinical and demographic characteristics analyzed. At the 12-month followup, in both cases and controls, no significant changes in body weight were found (P > 0.05 for all). MDA was achieved by 98 (36.3%) of the 270 PsA individuals. The prevalence of obesity was higher in those that did not achieve MDA than in those that did (64.0% versus 25.5%; P < 0.001). After adjusting for all the other variables, obesity was associated with a higher risk of not achieving MDA (hazard ratio [HR] 4.90, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 3.04-7.87; P < 0.001). The HR of not achieving MDA was 3.98 (95% CI 1.96-8.06, P < 0.001) and 5.40 (95% CI 3.09-9.43, P < 0.001) in subjects with first-degree (BMI <30 kg/m2) and second-degree (BMI 30-35 kg/m2) obesity, respectively. Among the 98 subjects who had achieved MDA at the 12-month followup, the presence of obesity was associated with a poor probability of sustained MDA at the 24-month followup (HR 2.04, 95% CI 1.015-3.61; P = 0.014). Conclusion Obesity is a negative predictor of achieving and maintaining MDA. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Ferrara N.,University of Naples Federico II | Ferrara N.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Komici K.,University of Naples Federico II | Corbi G.,University of Molise | And 7 more authors.
Frontiers in Physiology | Year: 2014

Elderly healthy individuals have a reduced exercise tolerance and a decreased left ventricle inotropic reserve related to increased vascular afterload, arterial-ventricular load mismatching, physical deconditioning and impaired autonomic regulation (the so called "β-adrenergic desensitization"). Adrenergic responsiveness is altered with aging and the age-related changes are limited to the β-adrenergic receptor density reduction and to the β-adrenoceptor-G-protein(s)-adenylyl cyclase system abnormalities, while the type and level of abnormalities change with species and tissues. Epidemiological studies have shown an high incidence and prevalence of heart failure in the elderly and a great body of evidence correlate the changes of β-adrenergic system with heart failure pathogenesis. In particular it is well known that: (a) levels of cathecolamines are directly correlated with mortality and functional status in heart failure, (b) β1-adrenergic receptor subtype is down-regulated in heart failure, (c) heart failure-dependent cardiac adrenergic responsiveness reduction is related to changes in G proteins activity. In this review we focus on the cardiovascular β-adrenergic changes involvement in the aging process and on similarities and differences between aging heart and heart failure. © 2014 Ferrara, Komici, Corbi, Pagano, Furgi, Rengo, Femminella, Leosco and Bonaduce.

Dubbioso R.,University of Naples Federico II | Moretta P.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Manganelli F.,University of Naples Federico II | Fiorillo C.,Molecular Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2012

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a small expansion of a short polyalanine tract in poly(A) binding protein nuclear 1 (PABPN1). It presents with adult onset of progressive eyelid drooping, swallowing difficulties and proximal limb weakness, usually without involvement of central nervous system (CNS). However, cognitive decline with relevant behavioural and psychological symptoms has been recently described in homozygous patients. In this study, we performed for the first time an extensive neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric evaluation on 11 OPMD heterozygote patients. We found that they were less efficient than a matched control sample on several tests, particularly those tapping executive functions. Moreover, the presence of negative correlation between GCN expansion size and some neuropsychological scores raises the issue that CNS involvement might be linked to the genetic defect, being worse in patients with larger expansion. Our results might be consistent with the toxic gain-of-function theory in the pathogenesis of OPMD and hint at a possible direct role of PABPN1 in the CNS also in heterozygote patients. © Springer-Verlag 2011.

Trojano L.,The Second University of Naples | Trojano L.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN | Gainotti G.,Catholic University
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2016

Drawing is a multicomponential process that can be impaired by many kinds of brain lesions. Drawing disorders are very common in Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, and can provide clinical information for the distinction of the different dementing diseases. In our review we started from an overview of the neural and cognitive bases of drawing, and from a recollection of the drawing tasks more frequently used for assessing individuals with dementia. Then, we analyzed drawing disorders in dementia, paying special attention to those observed in Alzheimer's disease, from the prodromal stages of the amnesic mild cognitive impairment to the stages of full-blown dementia, both in the sporadic forms with late onset in the entorhino-hippocampal structures and in those with early onset in the posterior neocortical structures. We reviewed the drawing features that could differentiate Alzheimer's disease from vascular dementia and from the most frequent forms of degenerative dementia, namely frontotemporal dementia and Lewy body disease. Finally, we examined some peculiar aspects of drawing disorders in dementia, such as perseverations, rotations, and closing-in. We argue that a careful analysis of drawing errors helps to differentiate the different forms of dementia more than overall accuracy in drawing.

Grossi D.,The Second University of Naples | De Lucia N.,The Second University of Naples | Trojano L.,The Second University of Naples | Trojano L.,Scientific Institute of Telese Terme BN
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2015

Background: Apathy and depression are behavioral manifestations that may occur often in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. AD patients may also show Closing-in (CI) phenomenon, in graphic copying tasks. Recent evidence would suggest that apathetic symptoms are related to frontal dysfunctions in AD patients, whereas the cognitive bases of depressive symptoms in AD are still unclear. Recent studies demonstrated that frontal dysfunctions are also involved in the genesis of CI in AD patients.Objective: Since frontal dysfunctions are thought to be more strongly related to apathetic than depressive symptoms, here we tested the hypothesis that CI is significantly associated with apathy in AD patients.Methods: Forty-four AD patients were enrolled for this study. All patients completed a neuropsychological evaluation of visuo-spatial, frontal/executive, visuo-constructional, and memory skills. Moreover, graphic copying tasks were employed to detect CI, and behavioral scales to assess apathetic and depressive symptoms.Results: CI and apathetic and depressed symptoms occurred in more than half of the present AD sample, but regression models revealed that the number of CI was significantly related to apathy only. The number of CI was also significantly correlated with severity of apathetic but not of depressive symptoms.Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that CI and apathy are correlated with each other in mild to moderate AD, likely because they share common pathogenic mechanisms related to frontal/executive dysfunctions. © 2015-IOS Press and the authors.

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