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Speybroeck N.,Scientific Committee of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food chain FASFC | Speybroeck N.,Catholic University of Louvain | Devleesschauwer B.,Catholic University of Louvain | Devleesschauwer B.,Ghent University | And 8 more authors.
Food Control | Year: 2015

Given the large number of potential risks and the increasing budgetary restrictions, risk ranking (RR) is becoming an inevitable part of food safety. Through an online questionnaire survey, we aimed to assess needs and expectations regarding RR in a sample of European decision makers and stakeholders. Responses were collected from 51 participants. The majority expressed a need for RR, and over two thirds already had some experience with RR. The main expectation from RR was an improved transparency in management decisions. The use and impact of RR in the food chain may be improved by increasing knowledge regarding RR, facilitating communication between decision makers and stakeholders, and removing hurdles related to data availability. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Van Boxstael S.,Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain FASFC | Van Boxstael S.,Ghent University | Dierick K.,Scientific Institute of Public Health WIV ISP | Dierick K.,Scientific Committee of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food chain FASFC | And 14 more authors.
Food Research International | Year: 2012

Infections with non-typhoid Salmonella represent a major problem in industrialized countries. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, among them Salmonella, has become a serious health hazard worldwide. One of the most commonly isolated non-typhoid Salmonella serovars in pigs, pork and humans is Salmonella Typhimurium. In this study the comparison of the incidences of resistance to nine antimicrobials, resistance patterns and phage types between S. Typhimurium isolated from pigs (n = 581), pork (n = 255) and humans (n = 1870) in Belgium in the period 2001 to 2006 was performed. Resistance to the antimicrobials ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfonamides and tetracycline was frequently observed and varied between 23.5% and 83.1%. Resistance ranged from 15.6% to 20.7% for the combination trimethoprim-sulfonamides and from 3.4% to 5.8% for nalidixic acid. Resistance to the critical important antimicrobials cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones was found sporadically (≤ 1.2%). Resistance to the different antimicrobials was observed to be similar in S. Typhimurium isolates from the various origins. Twenty-seven antimicrobial resistance patterns representing in total 75.2%, 89.0% and 89.6% of the isolates from pigs, pork and humans respectively were found to be common among the three groups and 73 combinations antimicrobial resistance pattern/phage type were found to be common among pork and human isolates, representing 70.1% of the pork isolates and 51.0% of the human isolates. The high percentage of isolates that have a common resistance pattern, and in a less pronounced way a common combination phage type/resistance pattern, are in agreement with the hypothesis of transfer of antimicrobial resistant Salmonella from pigs via the consumption of pork to humans as one of the possible pathways. The most prevalent combination in Belgium within both the pork isolates (7.4%) and the human isolates (13.2%) was S. Typhimurium DT104 resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycine, sulfonamides and tetracycline. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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