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Khodyreva L.A.,Municipal Urological Hospital No 47 | Dudareva A.A.,Municipal Urological Hospital No 47 | Mudraya I.S.,FSA Research Institute of Urology | Markosyan T.G.,A I Burnazyan Institute Of Postgraduate Professional Education | And 3 more authors.
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

In searching for novel objective methods to diagnosticate pelvic pain and assess efficiency of analgesic therapy, 37 male patients were examined prior to and after the course of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (5-10 sessions) with the waves directed to projections of prostate and/or crura and shaft of the penis. The repetition rate of mechanical pulses was 3-5 Hz. The range of energy pulse density was 0.09-0.45 mJ/mm2. The overall number of pulses in a session was 1500-3000 in any treated zone with total energy smaller than 60 J. The applicator was relocated every other series of 300-500 pulses. Effect of the shock wave therapy was assessed according to subjective symptomatic scales: International Prostate Symptom Score, International Index of Erectile Function, Quality of Life, and nociceptive Visual Analog Scale. The objective assessment of shock wave therapy was performed with harmonic analysis of penile bioimpedance variability, which quantitatively evaluated the low-frequency rhythmic and asynchronous activities at rest as well as the total pulsatile activity of the penis. The magnitude of spectrum components of bioimpedance variations was assessed with a novel parameter, the effective impedance. The spectral parameters were measured in 16 patients prior to and after the treatment course. The corresponding control values were measured in the group of healthy patients. Prior to the shock wave therapy course, all spectrum parameters of penile bioimpedance significantly differed from the control (p<0.05). After this course, low-frequency rhythmic and the total pulsatile activity decreased to normal, while asynchronous activity remained significantly different from the normal. The novel objective physiological criteria of pelvic pain diagnostics and efficiency of its treatment reflecting the regional features of circulation and neural activity corresponded to the clinical symptom scaling prior to and after the shock wave course, and on the whole, these criteria corroborated improvement of the patient state after this therapy. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Kirpatovsky V.I.,Scientific and Production Company BIOLA Ltd. | Mudraya I.S.,Scientific and Production Company BIOLA Ltd. | Revenko S.V.,Scientific and Production Company BIOLA Ltd. | Nesterov A.V.,Scientific and Production Company BIOLA Ltd. | And 3 more authors.
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2012

High-resolution impedancometry and harmonic (Fourier) analysis of variable component of bioimpedance revealed rhythmic oscillations of urinary bladder bioimpedance at the Mayer wave, respiration, and heartbeat frequencies. The power values of the corresponding Mayer, respiratory, and cardiac peaks were calculated to assess circulation in the urinary bladder wall and its autonomic nervous control at various stages of infusion cystometry in intact rats and in the rats with preliminary formed infravesical obstruction (IVO). In intact rats, filling of the bladder with physiological saline diminished the power of the first (fundamental) cardiac peak attesting to a decrease of the blood fl ow in the bladder wall. Simultaneously, the power of low-frequency Mayer peak refl ecting sympathetic activity increased, while the power of respiratory peak decreased supposedly refl ecting abatement of the parasympathetic infl uences. Bladder voiding was accompanied by a decrease of Mayer peak and increase of the respiratory one. Prior to infusion cystometry, the intravesical pressure in IVO rats was elevated while the power of fundamental cardiac peak was below the control value. Filling the bladder in these rats was accompanied by further decrease of the cardiac peak refl ecting still greater drop in blood supply. In control rats, voiding the bladder normalized the vesical circulation assessed by the cardiac peak, while in IVO rats this peak remained decreased. The reciprocal changes of Mayer and respiratory peaks observed during infusion cystometry in the norm were replaced by unidirectional decrease in the power of both peaks in IVO rats, which probably attest to disturbance of autonomic nervous control in the hypertrophic urinary bladder in these rats. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

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