Science Metrix

Montréal, Canada

Science Metrix

Montréal, Canada
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Steven McMillan G.,Deaprtment of Business | Lalonde B.S.-L.,Science Metrix | Bezzina F.H.,University of Malta | Casey D.L.,Temple University
International Journal of Innovation Science | Year: 2016

Purpose -The Triple Helix model of academia, government and industry posits that the university can play an important role, even an entrepreneurial one, in innovation in increasingly knowledge-based societies (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000). No longer the "ivory tower" universities are now moving toward an entrepreneurial paradigm. The purpose of this research effort is to examine how such a migration has been accomplished in Malta with a particular focus on the changing activities of its University. Design/methodology/approach -This paper uses advanced bibliometric techniques to examine the scientific output of the University of Malta. Data were downloaded from Thomson Reuters Web of Science. These data were then processed using the software packages Bibexcel and VOSviewer to produce detailed maps of the scientific activity. Findings -The results were that the University has greatly expanded its scientific footprint since its 2004 accession to the European Union (EU). International collaborations and highly cited papers have gone up significantly. Research limitations/implications - Only one country was examined in this effort, and further study should compare to Malta to other small EU countries. The findings suggest that while some might consider Malta's progress modest in absolute terms, it has made significant strides from its prior-To-Accession base. Practical implications -The findings have been presented to the Malta Council for Science and Technology as evidence of the outcomes of their efforts. Originality/value - Because Malta is the smallest member-state in the EU, little research has been done on its science base. However, the authors believe their findings could inform research efforts on other EU, and even non-EU, countries. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

PubMed | Westbrook Center, Science Metrix, The London School of Economics and Political Science and King's College London
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British journal of social work | Year: 2016

Decision makers in adult social care are increasingly interested in using evidence from research to support or shape their decisions. The scope and nature of the current landscape of adult social care research (ASCR) need to be better understood. This paper provides a bibliometric assessment of ASCR outputs from 1996 to 2011. ASCR papers were retrieved using three strategies: from key journals; using keywords and noun phrases; and from additional papers preferentially citing or being cited by other ASCR papers. Overall, 195,829 ASCR papers were identified in the bibliographic database Scopus, of which 16 per cent involved at least one author from the UK. The UK output increased 2.45-fold between 1996 and 2011. Among selected countries, those with greater research intensity in ASCR generally had higher citation impact, such as the USA, UK, Canada and the Netherlands. The top five UK institutions in terms of volume of papers in the UK accounted for 26 per cent of total output. We conclude by noting the limitations to bibliometric analysis of ASCR and examine how such analysis can support the strategic development of the field.

Xu Z.,Rovira i Virgili University | Archambault E.,Science Metrix
Scientometrics | Year: 2015

During the last 30 years, the growth of the interpreting industry in China has been outstanding. Increasing economic and political collaboration has driven the demand for interpreters to bridge the linguistic and cultural divides that exist between China and the West. With the creation of master’s and bachelor’s degrees in interpreting and translation all over China, hundreds of graduates from various universities have since undertaken distinctly different career paths. Using an exhaustive corpus of Masters’ theses and a combination of logistic regression and Targeted Maximum Likelihood Estimation to establish causalities, this paper focuses on some of the structural determinants of graduate students’ career choices. The paper examines to what extent university affiliations, thesis advisors, research methodology and thesis content influence the choice to pursue an academic career. The research reveals that graduating from a top university makes students less likely to become academics, and studying under a top advisor does not necessarily increase an individual’s chances of securing an academic post. By contrast, writers of empirical theses or ones that are about training are more likely to enter the academic sphere. © 2015 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary

Cummings G.,University of Alberta | Biondo P.D.,University of Calgary | Campbell D.,Science Metrix | Stiles C.,Tom Baker Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Palliative Medicine | Year: 2011

Clinical research is undertaken to improve care for palliative patients, but little is known about how to support the broad uptake of resultant innovations. The objectives of this paper are to: (1) explore the uptake of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System throughout the global palliative care community through the lens of a bibliometric review - a research method that maps out the journey of new knowledge uptake by evaluating where key articles are cited in published literature; (2) construct hypotheses on attributes of the global community of palliative care learners; and (3) make inferences on approaches that could improve knowledge transfer. While preliminary, results of the study suggest several specific approaches that could support widespread uptake of innovations in palliative care: targeting publication in high impact, international journals; explicitly focusing on how the innovation is applied to best practice; encouraging additional research to expand on early studies; consciously targeting key professional groups and organizations to promote discussion in the grey literature; and early translation and promotion within multiple languages. © 2011 The Author(s).

Mirshahvalad A.,Umeå University | Beauchesne O.H.,Science Metrix | Archambault E.,Science Metrix | Rosvall M.,Umeå University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Community detection helps us simplify the complex configuration of networks, but communities are reliable only if they are statistically significant. To detect statistically significant communities, a common approach is to resample the original network and analyze the communities. But resampling assumes independence between samples, while the components of a network are inherently dependent. Therefore, we must understand how breaking dependencies between resampled components affects the results of the significance analysis. Here we use scientific communication as a model system to analyze this effect. Our dataset includes citations among articles published in journals in the years 1984-2010. We compare parametric resampling of citations with non-parametric article resampling. While citation resampling breaks link dependencies, article resampling maintains such dependencies. We find that citation resampling underestimates the variance of link weights. Moreover, this underestimation explains most of the differences in the significance analysis of ranking and clustering. Therefore, when only link weights are available and article resampling is not an option, we suggest a simple parametric resampling scheme that generates link-weight variances close to the link-weight variances of article resampling. Nevertheless, when we highlight and summarize important structural changes in science, the more dependencies we can maintain in the resampling scheme, the earlier we can predict structural change. © 2013 Mirshahvalad et al.

Beaudet A.,Imperial College London | Archambault E.,Science Metrix | Campbell D.,Science Metrix
26th Electric Vehicle Symposium 2012, EVS 2012 | Year: 2012

This paper presents the results of a technometric analysis of battery patents. The results confirm the view that Japan and Korea lead the battery technology sector not only in manufacturing but also in R&D activity, which is measured using patent stocks as a proxy. We also found that the battery patent portfolios of these countries are younger than those of other countries, and that Japan and Korea are also more "specialized" in battery technology, i.e. they have in the past allocated a higher share of their total R&D efforts to batteries than other countries. A possible implication of these results is that Asia's competitive advantage in battery technology is likely to increase over time relative to North America and Europe. A ftirther implication is that Asian countries led by Japan and Korea stand to benefit the most from the trend toward powertrain electrification in the global automotive industry.

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