Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology

Bologna, Italy

Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology

Bologna, Italy
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Sabatelli P.,National Research Council Italy | Sabatelli P.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Sardone F.,National Research Council Italy | Sardone F.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents | Year: 2016

Collagen VI is a microfibrillar collagen with a potential regulatory role in tendon repair mechanism. We studied the expression of collagen VI α5 and α6 chains in normal human tendon fibroblast cultures, both under basal condition and in response to TGF-β1, a potent regulator of tendon healing. Under basal condition, we found that the α5 chain was expressed, although to a lesser extent with respect to the α3 chain; in contrast, the α6 chain was absent. The treatment with TGFβ1 induced an opposite effect on the expression of the α5 and α6 chains; in fact, while the α5 chain was dramatically reduced, the α6 chain was induced and released in the culture medium. These data indicate that collagen VI α5 and α6 chains are differentially involved in tendon matrix homeostasis. The α6 chain may represent a new potential biomarker for monitoring TGFβ1-related events in tendon, as healing and fibrotic scar formation. © by BIOLIFE.


Koppers-Lalic D.,VU University Amsterdam | Koppers-Lalic D.,Exbiome B.V. | Hackenberg M.,University of Granada | De Menezes R.,VU University Amsterdam | And 11 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

In many cancer types, the expression and function of ~22 nucleotide-long microRNAs (miRNA) is deregulated. Mature miRNAs can be stably detected in extracellular vesicles (EVs) in biofluids, therefore they are considered to have great potential as biomarkers. In the present study, we investigated whether miRNAs have a distinct expression pattern in urine-EVs of prostate cancer (PCa) patients compared to control males. By next generation sequencing, we determined the miRNA expression in a discovery cohort of 4 control men and 9 PCa patients. miRNAs were validated by using a stemloop RT-PCR in an independent cohort of 74 patients (26 control and 48 PCa-patients). Whereas standard mapping protocols identified > 10 PCa associated miRNAs in urinary EVs, miR-21, miR-375 and miR-204 failed to robustly discriminate for disease in a validation study with RT-PCR-detection of mature miRNA sequences. In contrast, we observed that miRNA isoforms (isomiRs) with 3' end modifications were highly discriminatory between samples from control men and PCa patients. Highly differentially expressed isomiRs of miR-21, miR-204 and miR-375 were subsequently validated in an independent group of 74 patients. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of three isomiRs, resulting in a 72.9% sensitivity with a high (88%) specificity and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.866. In comparison, prostate specific antigen had an AUC of 0.707 and measuring the mature form of these miRNAs yielded a lower 70.8% sensitivity and 72% specificity (AUC 0.766). We propose that isomiRs may carry discriminatory information which is useful to generate stronger biomarkers.


Sardone F.,National Research Council Italy | Sardone F.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Traina F.,Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute | Tagliavini F.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2014

Cell-extracellular matrix interaction plays a major role in maintaining the structural integrity of connective tissues and sensing changes in the biomechanical environment of cells. Collagen VI is a widely expressed non-fibrillar collagen, which regulates tissues homeostasis. The objective of the present investigation was to extend our understanding of the role of collagen VI in human ACL. This study shows that collagen VI is associated both in vivo and in vitro to the cell membrane of knee ACL fibroblasts, contributing to the constitution of a microfibrillar pericellular matrix. In cultured cells the localization of collagen VI at the cell surface correlated with the expression of NG2 proteoglycan, a major collagen VI receptor. The treatment of ACL fibroblasts with anti-NG2 antibody abolished the localization of collagen VI indicating that collagen VI pericellular matrix organization in ACL fibroblasts is mainly mediated by NG2 proteoglycan. In vitro mechanical strain injury dramatically reduced the NG2 proteoglycan protein level, impaired the association of collagen VI to the cell surface, and promoted cell cycle withdrawal. Our data suggest that the injury-induced alteration of specific cell-ECM interactions may lead to a defective fibroblast self-renewal and contribute to the poor regenerative ability of ACL fibroblasts. J. Cell. Physiol. 229: 878-886, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Tagliavini F.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | Tagliavini F.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Pellegrini C.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Sardone F.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | And 15 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease | Year: 2014

Collagen VI is a non-fibrillar collagen present in the extracellular matrix (ECM) as a complex polymer; the mainly expressed form is composed of α1, α2 and α3 chains; mutations in genes encoding these chains cause myopathies known as Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD), Bethlem myopathy (BM) and myosclerosis myopathy (MM). The collagen VI α6 chain is a recently identified component of the ECM of the human skeletal muscle. Here we report that the α6 chain was dramatically reduced in skeletal muscle and muscle cell cultures of genetically characterized UCMD, BM and MM patients, independently of the clinical phenotype, the gene involved and the effect of the mutation on the expression of the "classical" α1α2α3 heterotrimer. By contrast, the collagen VI α6 chain was normally expressed or increased in the muscle of patients affected by other forms of muscular dystrophy, the overexpression matching with areas of increased fibrosis. In vitro treatment with TGF-β1, a potent collagen inducer, promoted the collagen VI α6 chain deposition in the ECM of normal muscle cells, whereas, in cultures derived from collagen VI-related myopathy patients, the collagen VI α6 chain failed to develop a network outside the cells and accumulated in the endoplasmic reticulum. The defect of the α6 chain points to a contribution to the pathogenesis of collagen VI-related disorders. © 2014.


Sardone F.,University of Padua | Sardone F.,National Research Council Italy | Traina F.,Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute | Bondi A.,Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute | And 8 more authors.
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience | Year: 2016

Collagen VI (COLVI) is a non-fibrillar collagen expressed in skeletal muscle and most connective tissues. Mutations in COLVI genes cause two major clinical forms, Bethlem myopathy and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD). In addition to congenital muscle weakness, patients affected by COLVI myopathies show axial and proximal joint contractures and distal joint hypermobility, which suggest the involvement of the tendon function. We examined a peroneal tendon biopsy and tenocyte culture of a 15-year-old patient affected by UCMD with compound heterozygous COL6A2 mutations. In patient's tendon biopsy, we found striking morphological alterations of tendon fibrils, consisting in irregular profiles and reduced mean diameter. The organization of the pericellular matrix of tenocytes, the primary site of collagen fibril assembly, was severely affected, as determined by immunoelectron microscopy, which showed an abnormal accumulation of COLVI and altered distribution of collagen I (COLI) and fibronectin (FBN). In patient's tenocyte culture, COLVI web formation and cell surface association were severely impaired; large aggregates of COLVI, which matched with COLI labeling, were frequently detected in the extracellular matrix. In addition, metalloproteinase MMP-2, an extracellular matrix-regulating enzyme, was increased in the conditioned medium of patient's tenocytes, as determined by gelatin zymography and western blot. Altogether, these data indicate that COLVI deficiency may influence the organization of UCMD tendon matrix, resulting in dysfunctional fibrillogenesis. The alterations of tendon matrix may contribute to the complex pathogenesis of COLVI related myopathies. © 2016 Sardone, Traina, Bondi, Merlini, Santi, Maraldi, Faldini and Sabatelli.


Ravera S.,University of Genoa | Capanni C.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | Tognotti D.,CNR Institute of Biophysics | Bottega R.,University of Trieste | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2015

Bone marrow (BM) failure, increased risk of myelodysplastic syndrome, acute leukaemia and solid tumors, endocrinopathies and congenital abnormalities are the major clinical problems in Fanconi anemia patients (FA). Chromosome instability and DNA repair defects are the cellular characteristics used for the clinical diagnosis. However, these biological defects are not sufficient to explain all the clinical phenotype of FA patients. The known defects are structural alteration in cell cytoskeleton, altered structural organization for intermediate filaments, nuclear lamina, and mitochondria. These are associated with different expression and/or maturation of the structural proteins vimentin, mitofilin, and lamin A/C suggesting the involvement of metalloproteinases (MPs). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are involved in normal physiological processes such as human skeletal tissue development, maturation, and hematopoietic reconstitution after bone marrow suppression. Current observations upon the eventual role of MPs in FA cells are largely inconclusive. We evaluated the overall MPs activity in FA complementation group A (FANCA) cells by exposing them to the antioxidants N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and resveratrol (RV). This work supports the hypothesis that treatment of Fanconi patients with antioxidants may be important in FA therapy. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company.


Columbaro M.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Ravera S.,University of Genoa | Capanni C.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | Panfoli I.,University of Genoa | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder characterised by chromosome instability, cytokine ipersensibility, bone marrow failure and abnormal haematopoiesis associated with acute myelogenous leukemia. Recent reports are contributing to characterize the peculiar FA metabolism. Central to these considerations appears that cells from complementation group A (FANCA) display an altered red-ox metabolism. Consequently the possibility to improve FA phenotypical conditions with antioxidants is considered. We have characterized from the structural and biochemical point of view the response of FANCA lymphocytes to N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) and resveratrol (RV). Surprisingly both NAC and RV failed to revert all the characteristic of FA phenotype and moreover their effects are not super imposable. Our data suggest that we must be aware of the biological effects coming from antioxidant treatment. © 2014 Columbaro et al.


Capanni C.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | Bruschi M.,Instituto Giannina Gaslini | Columbaro M.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Cuccarolo P.,IST Instituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro | And 6 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2013

Growing number of publication has proved an increasing of cellular function of the Fanconi anemia proteins. To chromosome stability and DNA repair new roles have been attributed to FA proteins in oxidative stress response and homeostasis, immune response and cytokines sensibility, gene expression. Our work shows a new role for FA-A protein: the organization of the cellular structure. By 2D-PAGE of FA-A and correct fibroblasts treated and untreated with H2O2 we identify different expression of protein involved in the structural organization of nucleus, intermediate filaments and mitochondria. Immunofluorescence and electronic microscopy analysis clearly show an already altered cellular structure in normal culture condition and this worsted after oxidative stress. FA-A cell appears structurally prone to physiologic stress and this could explain part of the phenotype of FA cells. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


PubMed | University of Genoa, Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology, Oncoematologia Pediatrica, National Research Council Italy and 5 more.
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Isomorphic mutation of the SBDS gene causes Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS). SDS is a rare genetic bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition syndrome. SDS cells have ribosome biogenesis and their protein synthesis altered, which are two high-energy consuming cellular processes. The reported changes in reactive oxygen species production, endoplasmic reticulum stress response and reduced mitochondrial functionality suggest an energy production defect in SDS cells. In our work, we have demonstrated that SDS cells display a Complex IV activity impairment, which causes an oxidative phosphorylation metabolism defect, with a consequent decrease in ATP production. These data were confirmed by an increased glycolytic rate, which compensated for the energetic stress. Moreover, the signalling pathways involved in glycolysis activation also appeared more activated; i.e. we reported AMP-activated protein kinase hyper-phosphorylation. Notably, we also observed an increase in a mammalian target of rapamycin phosphorylation and high intracellular calcium concentration levels ([Ca(2+)]i), which probably represent new biochemical equilibrium modulation in SDS cells. Finally, the SDS cell response to leucine (Leu) was investigated, suggesting its possible use as a therapeutic adjuvant to be tested in clinical trials.


PubMed | Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology, Instituto Giannina Gaslini, University of Genoa, CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics and IRCCS AOU San Martino IST Instituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder characterised by chromosome instability, cytokine ipersensibility, bone marrow failure and abnormal haematopoiesis associated with acute myelogenous leukemia. Recent reports are contributing to characterize the peculiar FA metabolism. Central to these considerations appears that cells from complementation group A (FANCA) display an altered red-ox metabolism. Consequently the possibility to improve FA phenotypical conditions with antioxidants is considered. We have characterized from the structural and biochemical point of view the response of FANCA lymphocytes to N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) and resveratrol (RV). Surprisingly both NAC and RV failed to revert all the characteristic of FA phenotype and moreover their effects are not super imposable. Our data suggest that we must be aware of the biological effects coming from antioxidant treatment.

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