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Genève, Switzerland

Brockmann C.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology | Soucek S.,Emory University | Kuhlmann S.I.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology | Mills-Lujan K.,Emory University | And 8 more authors.

Polyadenylation regulation and efficient nuclear export of mature mRNPs both require the polyadenosine-RNA-binding protein, Nab2, which contains seven CCCH Zn fingers. We describe here the solution structure of fingers 5-7, which are necessary and sufficient for high-affinity polyadenosine-RNA binding, and identify key residues involved. These Zn fingers form a single structural unit. Structural coherence is lost in the RNA-binding compromised Nab2-C437S mutant, which also suppresses the rat8-2 allele of RNA helicase Dbp5. Structure-guided Nab2 variants indicate that dbp5(rat8-2) suppression is more closely linked to hyperadenylation and suppression of mutant alleles of the nuclear RNA export adaptor, Yra1, than to affinity for polyadenosine-RNA. These results indicate that, in addition to modulating polyA tail length, Nab2 has an unanticipated function associated with generating export-competent mRNPs, and that changes within fingers 5-7 lead to suboptimal assembly of mRNP export complexes that are more easily disassembled by Dbp5 upon reaching the cytoplasm. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Source

Iglesias N.,science III | Iglesias N.,Research Frontiers | Iglesias N.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Tutucci E.,science III | And 9 more authors.
Genes and Development

The evolutionarily conserved mRNA export receptor Mex67/NXF1 associates with mRNAs through its adaptor, Yra1/REF, allowing mRNA ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) exit through nuclear pores. However, alternate adaptors should exist, since Yra1 is dispensable for mRNA export in Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans. Here we report that Mex67 interacts directly with Nab2, an essential shuttling mRNA-binding protein required for export. We further show that Yra1 enhances the interaction between Nab2 and Mex67, and becomes dispensable in cells overexpressing Nab2 or Mex67. These observations appoint Nab2 as a potential adaptor for Mex67, and define Yra1/REF as a cofactor stabilizing the adaptor-receptor interaction. Importantly, Yra1 ubiquitination by the E3 ligase Tom1 promotes its dissociation from mRNP before export. Finally, loss of perinuclear Mlp proteins suppresses the growth defects of Tom1 and Yra1 ubiquitination mutants, suggesting that Tom1-mediated dissociation of Yra1 from Nab2-bound mRNAs is part of a surveillance mechanism at the pore, ensuring export of mature mRNPs only. © 2010 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Source

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