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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2011.4.1-3. | Award Amount: 4.88M | Year: 2011

D-RAIL will focus on freight traffic, identifying root causes of derailment of particular significance to freight vehicles, which have a wider range of operating parameters (as a result of the huge range in loads, speeds and maintenance quality) than passenger vehicles. One key question that will be studied is how independent minor faults (e.g., a slight track twist and a failing bearing) could combine to cause a derailment. D-RAIL will extend this study to include the expected demands on the rail freight system forecast for 2050, such as heavier axle loads, faster freight vehicle speeds for time-sensitive low volume high value high speed services (LVHVHS) goods, radically new vehicle designs, or longer train consists. A set of alarm limits will be specified which can be selected as appropriate by infrastructure managers, depending on local conditions. In tandem with the above analysis, current monitoring systems (both wayside and vehicle-mounted) and developing technologies will be assessed with respect to their ability to identify developing faults and potential dangers. Where current systems are shown to be deficient, the requirements for future monitoring systems will be specified. D-RAIL will also examine vehicle identification technologies, such as the standards- and interoperability-focussed RFID system being implemented by GS1 and Trafikverket. Integration of alarm limits, monitoring systems and vehicles across national borders and network boundaries will be examined and a deployment plan set out based on RAMS and LCC analyses. Procedures for applying speed limits to faulty vehicles, or taking them out of service, will be set out; this will include communication with the parties responsible for the transport of the freight and for maintenance of the vehicle. This will input to standards, regulations and international contracts. For field testing and validation, D-RAIL will have access to VUZs test track in the Czech Republic.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.3.1.1. | Award Amount: 2.86M | Year: 2009

Pubtrans4all will develop a prototype vehicle-based boarding assistance system that can be built into new rail vehicles or retrofitted into existing rail vehicles to improve accessibility for all persons. Accessibility for rail vehicles is particularly problematic since rail vehicles have a long service life and so many currently inaccessible vehicles will remain in service well into the future. PubTrans4all will help make existing public transport systems more accessible, improving service for everyone. The PubTrans4all projects objective is to develop a standard boarding assistance system that can be used on many different types of rolling stock and infrastructures. The boarding assistance system will not simply be a device, but rather include contributing elements that make it possible to effectively use the device to access rail vehicles. The prototype will be developed by a multi-disciplinary consortium including users, public transport operators, academic researchers and manufacturers. As part of the process of developing the prototype boarding assistance system, the project will survey state of the art accessibility devices and make recommendations for best practices in the use and operation of these existing devices. The project will include an extensive dissemination program designed to communicate study results widely, but also to help inform the general public and decision-makers about the importance and challenges in providing accessibility for all. The PubTrans4all project will be completed by a well balanced and geographically diverse consortium. Especially beneficial is the participation of several Eastern European partners since accessibility is not sufficiently recognized as a problem in many of these countries. Accessibility for all is critical to creating an equitable, effective and efficient transport system. The project PubTrans4all will help build a fully accessible rail network.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2010.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 8.16M | Year: 2011

Ground vibration, effected by rail services, is an important environmental concern, affecting European citizens nearby any rail infrastructure. Surveys show that many Europeans are subjected to annoying levels of feelable vibration and vibration-induced noise. Although solutions are available for track in tunnels, tracks at grade are a much more extensive problem even for vibration-induced noise. However, solutions for tracks at grade are lacking: for some problems currently no feasible solutions at reasonable cost are available. A group of railway operators, infrastructure managers, infrastructure and rolling stock manufacturers, and construction companies, end users of vibration mitigation technology, have gathered, to propose a major project for Railway Induced Vibration Abatement Solutions (RIVAS). They aim at providing tools and methods to reduce vibration below the threshold of annoynace and induced noise below background levels by 2013. The group includes the expertise of research organisations and universities with specialist laboratory and theoretical modelling facilities. The issues are treated in a holistic way with the focus on reducing the annoyance to lineside residents. The project examines all vibration effects and aspects of the system: vehicle, track, propagation, freight and high-speed rail services. WP1 establishes the test procedures to monitor and control the performance of vibration mitigation measures under realistic conditions WP2 develops and evaluates mitigation measures based on reducing the excitation of vibration at the vehicletrack interface by improved maintenance WP3 develops and evaluates mitigation measures for ballasted and slab tracks WP4 will develop and evaluate mitigation measures based on sub-grade improvement and ground barriers within the railway infrastructure WP5 addresses the impact of the vehicle Each of the solutions is to be validated with field tests on the major European rail networks represented in RIVAS

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