Schaffner Hospital

Lens, France

Schaffner Hospital

Lens, France
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Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Durville E.,Schaffner Hospital | Meddour M.,Schaffner Hospital | Jonard M.,Arras Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2017

The objective of this study was to assess the impact of fiber-optic laryngoscopy (FOL) on the weaning process from mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients with a positive cuff leak test (CLT) as compared with the current recommended strategy based on corticosteroids. In this prospective observational pilot study conducted over a 1-year period in a 15-bed ICU, CLT was systematically performed before extubation in all intubated patients having passed a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT). After the endotracheal tube cuff was deflated, cuff leak volume (CLVol) was assessed during assisted controlled ventilation. When CLT was positive (CLVol<110mL), patients either were evaluated using FOL by our half-time FOL-practitioner when present, or received corticosteroids. Among the 233 patients included, 34 (14.6%) had a positive CLT that hampered extubation. Seventeen were treated by corticosteroids and 17 were evaluated by FOL. In the corticosteroids group, the CLVol was still <110mL at 24 hours in 9 patients (53%). Corticosteroids strategy merely prolonged the total duration of mechanical ventilation (7 [4-11] vs 4 [2-6] days, P=0.01) by increasing the time between successful SBT and the moment when extubation was effectively achieved (30 [24-60] vs 1.5 [1-2] hours, P<0.001). This resulted in 2 self-extubations (12%) and 9 FOL-guided extubations (53%) in the corticosteroids group. Massive swelling of the arytenoids was the most common feature shown by FOL. The patients evaluated by FOL who exhibited the thin anterior V-shaped opening of the vocal cords - the V sign - (n=26, 100%) were immediately extubated without any stridor or respiratory failure afterward. In this pilot study, a FOL-based extubation strategy was feasible and reliable, and significantly reduced the duration of mechanical ventilation in patients with a positive CLT. We describe the "V sign" of FOL that safely allows a successful prompt extubation in patients considered at high risk for postextubation stridor. © 2017 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Taufour P.,Schaffner Hospital | Duhamel A.,Lille University Hospital Center | Temime J.,Schaffner Hospital | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Purpose: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a common life-threatening complication in morbidly obese patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). We aimed to identify the determinants of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) success or failure for this indication. Methods: We prospectively included 76 consecutive patients with BMI>40 kg/m2 diagnosed with OHS and treated by NIV for ARF in a 15-bed ICU of a tertiary hospital. Results: NIV failed to reverse ARF in only 13 patients. Factors associated with NIV failure included pneumonia (n = 12/13, 92% vs n = 9/63, 14%; p<0.0001), high SOFA (10 vs 5; p<0.0001) and SAPS2 score (63 vs 39; p<0.0001) at admission. These patients often experienced poor outcome despite early resort to endotracheal intubation (in-hospital mortality, 92.3% vs 17.5%; p<0.001). The only factor significantly associated with successful response to NIV was idiopathic decompensation of OHS (n = 30, 48% vs n = 0, 0%; p = 0.001). In the NIV success group (n = 63), 33 patients (53%) experienced a delayed response to NIV (with persistent hypercapnic acidosis during the first 6 hours). Conclusions: Multiple organ failure and pneumonia were the main factors associated with NIV failure and death in morbidly obese patients in hypoxemic ARF. On the opposite, NIV was constantly successful and could be safely pushed further in case of severe hypercapnic acute respiratory decompensation of OHS. © 2014 Lemyze et al.


Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Mallat J.,Schaffner Hospital | Duhamel A.,CHRU Lille | Pepy F.,Schaffner Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which sitting position and applied positive end-expiratory pressure improve respiratory mechanics of severely obese patients under mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTINGS: A 15-bed ICU of a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen consecutive critically ill patients with a body mass index (the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) above 35 were compared to 15 controls with body mass index less than 30. INTERVENTIONS: Respiratory mechanics was first assessed in the supine position, at zero end-expiratory pressure, and then at positive end-expiratory pressure set at the level of auto-positive endexpiratory pressure. Second, all measures were repeated in the sitting position. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Assessment of respiratory mechanics included plateau pressure, auto-positive end-expiratory pressure, and flow-limited volume during manual compression of the abdomen, expressed as percentage of tidal volume to evaluate expiratory flow limitation. In supine position at zero end-expiratory pressure, all critically ill obese patients demonstrated expiratory flow limitation (flow-limited volume, 59.4% [51.3-81.4%] vs 0% [0-0%] in controls; p < 0.0001) and greater auto-positive end-expiratory pressure (10 [5-12.5] vs 0.7 [0.4-1.25] cm H2O in controls; p < 0.0001). Applied positive end-expiratory pressure reverses expiratory flow limitation (flow-limited volume, 0% [0-21%] vs 59.4% [51-81.4%] at zero end-expiratory pressure; p < 0.001) in almost all the obese patients, without increasing plateau pressure (24 [19-25] vs 22 [18-24] cm H2O at zero end-expiratory pressure; p = 0.94). Sitting position not only reverses partially or completely expiratory flow limitation at zero end-expiratory pressure (flow-limited volume, 0% [0-58%] vs 59.4% [51-81.4%] in supine obese patients; p < 0.001) but also results in a significant drop in auto-positive end-expiratory pressure (1.2 [0.6-4] vs 10 [5-12.5] cm H2O in supine obese patients; p < 0.001) and plateau pressure (15.6 [14-17] vs 22 [18-24] cm H2O in supine obese patients; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In critically ill obese patients under mechanical ventilation, sitting position constantly and significantly relieved expiratory flow limitation and auto-positive end-expiratory pressure resulting in a dramatic drop in alveolar pressures. Combining sitting position and applied positive end-expiratory pressure provides the best strategy. Copyright © 2013 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Palud A.,Lille University Hospital | Favory R.,Lille University Hospital | Mathieu D.,Lille University Hospital
Emergency Medicine Journal | Year: 2011

We report the case of a young man who attempted suicide by hanging and whose neurological status deteriorated until the cervical collar, that had been correctly placed by the prehospital team, was removed. We discuss the physiopathological mechanisms leading to death in hanging that is, a blockage of the blood stream to the brain leading to vasogenic and cytotoxic cerebral edema rather than asphyxia or spinal fracture. Our case supports the early removal of neck stabilization devices that can dangerously harm the patient after an attempted suicide by hanging, by increasing intracerebral pressure.


Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Dharancy S.,Huriez Hospital | Wallaert B.,Calmette Hospital
Digestive and Liver Disease | Year: 2013

End-stage liver cirrhosis is a systemic disease carrying a short-term desperate prognosis without liver transplantation. Given the discrepancy between the growing number of candidates and the limited available liver grafts, the pre-transplantation screening process has become a challenging task. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, by measuring maximal oxygen consumption at peak exercise, provides a global integrative approach of the health status of an individual. In the setting of liver cirrhosis, decreased oxygen consumption at peak exercise may result from a combination of multiple extra-hepatic complications, including deconditioning, malnutrition-associated muscle weakness, anaemia, cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, and hepato-pulmonary syndrome for instance. In addition, oxygen consumption at peak exercise not only correlated with the severity of the liver disease, but it is also independently associated with survival following liver transplantation. The present article aims to review the numerous determinants of impaired aerobic capacity in patients with severe liver disease, and to discuss how useful is cardiopulmonary exercise testing as a critical tool in the pre-transplantation assessment of these patients. © 2012 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l.


Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Dharancy S.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Nevire R.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Wallaert B.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2011

Maximal exercise capacity and pulmonary gas exchange are both commonly impaired in liver cirrhosis. Apart from rare cases of hepatopulmonary syndrome, it is still unknown whether these moderate pulmonary gas exchange abnormalities can alter aerobic capacity of cirrhotic patients. Resting pulmonary function tests and symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing were prospectively investigated in 30 patients with liver cirrhosis exhibiting a widened alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient (P(A-a)O 2 > 30 mm Hg at peak exercise) without pulmonary vascular dilatations at contrast-enhanced echocardiography. Data were compared with those of 30 normoxemic cirrhotic controls (matched for age, gender, body mass index, etiology and severity of liver disease, smoking habits, hemoglobin level, and beta-blocker therapy). Resting cardiopulmonary parameters were within normal range in both groups except carbon monoxide lung transfer (TLCO, 60.4 ± 2.9 vs 74.3 ± 2.8% in controls, p = 0.0004) and P(A-a)O 2 (28.8 ± 2 vs 15.3 ± 2 mm Hg in controls, p < 0.0001). Cirrhotics with impaired gas exchange during exercise exhibited a significant reduction in maximal oxygen uptake (VO 2max, 1.18 ± 0.07 (53% predicted) vs 1.41 ± 0.07 L/min (62% predicted), p = 0.004), a higher ventilation level at ventilatory threshold (V E/VO 2, 39.2 ± 1.5 vs 35.3 ± 1.5, p = 0.01) without ventilatory limitation, and a greater dead space to tidal volume ratio (V D/V Tmax, 0.32 ± 0.01 vs 0.25 ± 0.01, p = 0.01). VO 2max correlates negatively with V D/V Tmax (r 2 = 0.36; p < 0.0001). There were no differences in cardiac or metabolic response to exercise between groups. Taken together these findings suggest that clinically undetectable pulmonary vascular disorders can slightly contribute to further reduce exercise capacity of cirrhotic patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Mallat J.,Schaffner Hospital | Nigeon O.,Schaffner Hospital | Barrailler S.,Schaffner Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of switching to total face mask in cases where face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation has already failed in do-not-intubate patients in acute respiratory failure. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study in an ICU and a respiratory stepdown unit over a 12-month study period. INTERVENTION: Switching to total face mask, which covers the entire face, when noninvasive mechanical ventilation using facial mask (oronasal mask) failed to reverse acute respiratory failure. PATIENTS: Seventy-four patients with a do-not-intubate order and treated by noninvasive mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure. MAIN RESULTS: Failure of face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation was associated with a three-fold increase in in-hospital mortality (36% vs. 10.5%; p = 0.009). Nevertheless, 23 out of 36 patients (64%) in whom face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation failed to reverse acute respiratory failure and, therefore, switched to total face mask survived hospital discharge. Reasons for switching from facial mask to total face mask included refractory hypercapnic acute respiratory failure (n = 24, 66.7%), painful skin breakdown or facial mask intolerance (n = 11, 30%), and refractory hypoxemia (n = 1, 2.7%). In the 24 patients switched from facial mask to total face mask because of refractory hypercapnia, encephalopathy score (3 [3-4] vs. 2 [2-3]; p < 0.0001), PaCO2 (87 ± 25 mm Hg vs. 70 ± 17 mm Hg; p < 0.0001), and pH (7.24 ± 0.1 vs. 7.32 ± 0.09; p < 0.0001) significantly improved after 2 hrs of total face mask-delivered noninvasive ventilation. Patients switched early to total face mask (in the first 12 hrs) developed less pressure sores (n = 5, 24% vs. n = 13, 87%; p = 0.0002), despite greater length of noninvasive mechanical ventilation within the first 48 hrs (44 hrs vs. 34 hrs; p = 0.05) and less protective dressings (n = 2, 9.5% vs. n = 8, 53.3%; p = 0.007). The optimal cutoff value for face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation duration in predicting facial pressure sores was 11 hrs (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.86 ± 0.04; 95% confidence interval 0.76-0.93; p < 0.0001; sensitivity, 84%; specificity, 71%). CONCLUSION: In patients in hypercapnic acute respiratory failure, for whom escalation to intubation is deemed inappropriate, switching to total face mask can be proposed as a last resort therapy when face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation has already failed to reverse acute respiratory failure. This strategy is particularly adapted to provide prolonged periods of continuous noninvasive mechanical ventilation while preventing facial pressure sores. Copyright © 2013 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.


To evaluate the extent to which sitting position and applied positive end-expiratory pressure improve respiratory mechanics of severely obese patients under mechanical ventilation.Prospective cohort study.A 15-bed ICU of a tertiary hospital.Fifteen consecutive critically ill patients with a body mass index (the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) above 35 were compared to 15 controls with body mass index less than 30.Respiratory mechanics was first assessed in the supine position, at zero end-expiratory pressure, and then at positive end-expiratory pressure set at the level of auto-positive endexpiratory pressure. Second, all measures were repeated in the sitting position.Assessment of respiratory mechanics included plateau pressure, auto-positive end-expiratory pressure, and flow-limited volume during manual compression of the abdomen, expressed as percentage of tidal volume to evaluate expiratory flow limitation. In supine position at zero end-expiratory pressure, all critically ill obese patients demonstrated expiratory flow limitation (flow-limited volume, 59.4% [51.3-81.4%] vs 0% [0-0%] in controls; p < 0.0001) and greater auto-positive end-expiratory pressure (10 [5-12.5] vs 0.7 [0.4-1.25] cm H2O in controls; p < 0.0001). Applied positive end-expiratory pressure reverses expiratory flow limitation (flow-limited volume, 0% [0-21%] vs 59.4% [51-81.4%] at zero end-expiratory pressure; p < 0.001) in almost all the obese patients, without increasing plateau pressure (24 [19-25] vs 22 [18-24] cm H2O at zero end-expiratory pressure; p = 0.94). Sitting position not only reverses partially or completely expiratory flow limitation at zero end-expiratory pressure (flow-limited volume, 0% [0-58%] vs 59.4% [51-81.4%] in supine obese patients; p < 0.001) but also results in a significant drop in auto-positive end-expiratory pressure (1.2 [0.6-4] vs 10 [5-12.5] cm H2O in supine obese patients; p < 0.001) and plateau pressure (15.6 [14-17] vs 22 [18-24] cm H2O in supine obese patients; p < 0.001).In critically ill obese patients under mechanical ventilation, sitting position constantly and significantly relieved expiratory flow limitation and auto-positive end-expiratory pressure resulting in a dramatic drop in alveolar pressures. Combining sitting position and applied positive end-expiratory pressure provides the best strategy.


PubMed | Schaffner Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver | Year: 2013

End-stage liver cirrhosis is a systemic disease carrying a short-term desperate prognosis without liver transplantation. Given the discrepancy between the growing number of candidates and the limited available liver grafts, the pre-transplantation screening process has become a challenging task. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, by measuring maximal oxygen consumption at peak exercise, provides a global integrative approach of the health status of an individual. In the setting of liver cirrhosis, decreased oxygen consumption at peak exercise may result from a combination of multiple extra-hepatic complications, including deconditioning, malnutrition-associated muscle weakness, anaemia, cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, and hepato-pulmonary syndrome for instance. In addition, oxygen consumption at peak exercise not only correlated with the severity of the liver disease, but it is also independently associated with survival following liver transplantation. The present article aims to review the numerous determinants of impaired aerobic capacity in patients with severe liver disease, and to discuss how useful is cardiopulmonary exercise testing as a critical tool in the pre-transplantation assessment of these patients.


To evaluate the impact of switching to total face mask in cases where face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation has already failed in do-not-intubate patients in acute respiratory failure.Prospective observational study in an ICU and a respiratory stepdown unit over a 12-month study period.Switching to total face mask, which covers the entire face, when noninvasive mechanical ventilation using facial mask (oronasal mask) failed to reverse acute respiratory failure.Seventy-four patients with a do-not-intubate order and treated by noninvasive mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure.Failure of face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation was associated with a three-fold increase in in-hospital mortality (36% vs. 10.5%; p = 0.009). Nevertheless, 23 out of 36 patients (64%) in whom face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation failed to reverse acute respiratory failure and, therefore, switched to total face mask survived hospital discharge. Reasons for switching from facial mask to total face mask included refractory hypercapnic acute respiratory failure (n = 24, 66.7%), painful skin breakdown or facial mask intolerance (n = 11, 30%), and refractory hypoxemia (n = 1, 2.7%). In the 24 patients switched from facial mask to total face mask because of refractory hypercapnia, encephalopathy score (3 [3-4] vs. 2 [2-3]; p < 0.0001), PaCO2 (87 25 mm Hg vs. 70 17 mm Hg; p < 0.0001), and pH (7.24 0.1 vs. 7.32 0.09; p < 0.0001) significantly improved after 2 hrs of total face mask-delivered noninvasive ventilation. Patients switched early to total face mask (in the first 12 hrs) developed less pressure sores (n = 5, 24% vs. n = 13, 87%; p = 0.0002), despite greater length of noninvasive mechanical ventilation within the first 48 hrs (44 hrs vs. 34 hrs; p = 0.05) and less protective dressings (n = 2, 9.5% vs. n = 8, 53.3%; p = 0.007). The optimal cutoff value for face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation duration in predicting facial pressure sores was 11 hrs (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.86 0.04; 95% confidence interval 0.76-0.93; p < 0.0001; sensitivity, 84%; specificity, 71%).In patients in hypercapnic acute respiratory failure, for whom escalation to intubation is deemed inappropriate, switching to total face mask can be proposed as a last resort therapy when face mask-delivered noninvasive mechanical ventilation has already failed to reverse acute respiratory failure. This strategy is particularly adapted to provide prolonged periods of continuous noninvasive mechanical ventilation while preventing facial pressure sores.

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