Time filter

Source Type

Lens, France

Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Dharancy S.,Huriez Hospital | Wallaert B.,Reference Center for Orphan Pulmonary Diseases
Digestive and Liver Disease | Year: 2013

End-stage liver cirrhosis is a systemic disease carrying a short-term desperate prognosis without liver transplantation. Given the discrepancy between the growing number of candidates and the limited available liver grafts, the pre-transplantation screening process has become a challenging task. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, by measuring maximal oxygen consumption at peak exercise, provides a global integrative approach of the health status of an individual. In the setting of liver cirrhosis, decreased oxygen consumption at peak exercise may result from a combination of multiple extra-hepatic complications, including deconditioning, malnutrition-associated muscle weakness, anaemia, cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, and hepato-pulmonary syndrome for instance. In addition, oxygen consumption at peak exercise not only correlated with the severity of the liver disease, but it is also independently associated with survival following liver transplantation. The present article aims to review the numerous determinants of impaired aerobic capacity in patients with severe liver disease, and to discuss how useful is cardiopulmonary exercise testing as a critical tool in the pre-transplantation assessment of these patients. © 2012 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Source

Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Palud A.,Lille University Hospital | Favory R.,Lille University Hospital | Mathieu D.,Lille University Hospital
Emergency Medicine Journal | Year: 2011

We report the case of a young man who attempted suicide by hanging and whose neurological status deteriorated until the cervical collar, that had been correctly placed by the prehospital team, was removed. We discuss the physiopathological mechanisms leading to death in hanging that is, a blockage of the blood stream to the brain leading to vasogenic and cytotoxic cerebral edema rather than asphyxia or spinal fracture. Our case supports the early removal of neck stabilization devices that can dangerously harm the patient after an attempted suicide by hanging, by increasing intracerebral pressure. Source

Boule S.,Lille University Hospital Center | Boule S.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Marquie C.,Lille University Hospital Center | Vanesson-Bricout C.,Schaffner Hospital | And 11 more authors.
PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology | Year: 2012

Background: Management of antiplatelet therapy at the time of device implantation remains controversial. This study aimed to assess the risk of bleeding complications in patients receiving clopidogrel at the time of cardiac device surgery. Methods: We performed a retrospective case-control study. Between 2004 and 2010, 101 consecutive patients receiving clopidogrel underwent cardiac device surgery (pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation, and generator replacement) in our institution. Controls were 1:1 matched on age, sex, device, type of procedure, number of leads implanted, and venous approach (cephalic or subclavian). A significant bleeding complication was defined as pocket hematoma requiring surgical evacuation or prolonged hospitalization, hemothorax, pericardial effusion, or tamponade. Results: Bleeding complications occurred more frequently in patients receiving clopidogrel at the time of device procedure: 11.9% versus 4.0% (P = 0.037; odds radio [OR] 3.27 [1.02-10.5]). Significant bleeding complications were noted in 12 patients (11.9%) receiving clopidogrel, including two patients with pericardial effusion and one patient with hemothorax. Four controls (4.0%) had bleeding complications (three pocket hematomas and one pericardial effusion). The single factor associated with increased bleeding complications in patients receiving clopidogrel was subclavian puncture (P = 0.008). In the entire cohort (n = 202), multivariate analysis identified two independent predictors of significant bleeding complications: clopidogrel treatment at the time of surgery (P = 0.03; OR 3.7 [1.1-12.6]) and subclavian venous puncture (P = 0.03; OR 3.44 [1.1-10.4]). Conclusions: Clopidogrel treatment at the time of heart rhythm device procedures is associated with an increased risk of significant bleeding complications. Subclavian puncture seems to strongly increase hemorrhagic complications in this setting. (PACE 2012; 1-7) © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Lemyze M.,Schaffner Hospital | Dharancy S.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Nevire R.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Wallaert B.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2011

Maximal exercise capacity and pulmonary gas exchange are both commonly impaired in liver cirrhosis. Apart from rare cases of hepatopulmonary syndrome, it is still unknown whether these moderate pulmonary gas exchange abnormalities can alter aerobic capacity of cirrhotic patients. Resting pulmonary function tests and symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing were prospectively investigated in 30 patients with liver cirrhosis exhibiting a widened alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient (P(A-a)O 2 > 30 mm Hg at peak exercise) without pulmonary vascular dilatations at contrast-enhanced echocardiography. Data were compared with those of 30 normoxemic cirrhotic controls (matched for age, gender, body mass index, etiology and severity of liver disease, smoking habits, hemoglobin level, and beta-blocker therapy). Resting cardiopulmonary parameters were within normal range in both groups except carbon monoxide lung transfer (TLCO, 60.4 ± 2.9 vs 74.3 ± 2.8% in controls, p = 0.0004) and P(A-a)O 2 (28.8 ± 2 vs 15.3 ± 2 mm Hg in controls, p < 0.0001). Cirrhotics with impaired gas exchange during exercise exhibited a significant reduction in maximal oxygen uptake (VO 2max, 1.18 ± 0.07 (53% predicted) vs 1.41 ± 0.07 L/min (62% predicted), p = 0.004), a higher ventilation level at ventilatory threshold (V E/VO 2, 39.2 ± 1.5 vs 35.3 ± 1.5, p = 0.01) without ventilatory limitation, and a greater dead space to tidal volume ratio (V D/V Tmax, 0.32 ± 0.01 vs 0.25 ± 0.01, p = 0.01). VO 2max correlates negatively with V D/V Tmax (r 2 = 0.36; p < 0.0001). There were no differences in cardiac or metabolic response to exercise between groups. Taken together these findings suggest that clinically undetectable pulmonary vascular disorders can slightly contribute to further reduce exercise capacity of cirrhotic patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Boule S.,Lille University Hospital Center | Ouadah A.,Lille University Hospital Center | Langlois C.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Botcherby E.J.,Lille University Hospital Center | And 18 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

Background: For patients presenting with syncope and bundle branch block (BBB), results during electrophysiological studies (EPS) might depend on the electrocardiographic pattern of conduction disturbances. We sought to identify predictors of advanced His-Purkinje conduction disturbances (HPCDs) in these patients. Methods: In this retrospective multicentre study, patients were included who: (1) presented with unexplained syncope; (2) had BBB (QRS duration ≥ 120 ms); and (3) were investigated with EPS. HPCD was diagnosed if the baseline His-ventricular interval was ≥ 70 ms or if second- or third-degree His-Purkinje block was observed during atrial pacing or pharmacological challenge. Results: Of the 171 patients studied (72 ± 13 years, 64% male sex, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 57 ± 9%), advanced HPCD was found in 73 patients (43%). The following electrocardiographic features were associated with HPCD (P = 0.01): isolated right BBB (34.4%), right BBB with left anterior fascicular block (36.4%), left BBB (46.2%), and right BBB with left posterior fascicular block (LPFB, 78.6%). Multivariate analysis identified first-degree atrioventricular block (odds ratio, 2.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-4.7; P = 0.01) and LPFB (odds ratio, 4.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-18.5; P = 0.02) as the only 2 independent predictors of advanced HPCD. Conclusions: For patients presenting with syncope and BBB, first-degree atrioventricular block and LPFB increased the likelihood of finding HPCDs during EPS. However, no single electrocardiographic feature could consistently predict the outcome of EPS, so this investigation is still necessary in assessing the need for pacemaker implantation, irrespective of the precise appearance of abnormalities on ECG. © 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Source

Discover hidden collaborations