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Ban Pong, Thailand

Laothanachareon T.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Khonzue P.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Rattanaphan N.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Tinnasulanon P.,SCG Paper | And 6 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Enzymatic modification of pulp is receiving increasing interest for energy reduction at the refining step of the paper-making process. In this study, the production of a multi-fiber modifying enzyme from Mamillisphaeria sp. BCC8893 was optimized in submerged fermentation using a response-surface methodology. Maximal production was obtained in a complex medium comprising wheat bran, soybean, and rice bran supplemented with yeast extract at pH 6.0 and a harvest time of 7 d, resulting in 9.2 IU/mL of carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase), 14.9 IU/mL of filter paper activity (FPase), and 242.7 IU/mL of xylanase. Treatment of old corrugated container pulp at 0.2-0.3 IU of CMCase/g of pulp led to reductions in refining energy of 8.5-14.8%. The major physical properties were retained, including tensile and compression strength. Proteomic analysis showed that the enzyme was a complex composite of endoglucanases, cellobiohydrolases, beta-1,4-xylanases, and beta-glucanases belonging to various glycosyl hydrolase families, suggestive of cooperative enzyme action in fiber modification, providing the basis for refining efficiency. Source


Khonzue P.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Laothanachareon T.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Rattanaphan N.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Tinnasulanon P.,SCG Paper | And 6 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2011

A crude endo-xylanase produced by Aspergillus niger BCC14405 was investigated for its potential in prebleaching of chemical pulp from eucalyptus. The optimal fermentation conditions on the basis of optimization using response surface methodology included cultivation in a complex medium comprising wheat bran, rice bran, and soybean meal supplemented with yeast extract, glucose, peptone, and lactose with a starting pH of 6.0 for 7 d. This resulted in production of 89.5 IU/mL of xylanase with minor cellulase activity. Proteomic analysis using LC/MS/MS revealed that the crude enzyme was a composite of hemicellulolytic enzymes, including endo-β-1,4-xylanase and other hemicellulolytic enzymes attacking arabinoxylan and mannan. Pretreatment of the pulp at a xylanase dosage of 10 IU/g increased the brightness ceiling after the C-Eop-H bleaching step up to 3.0% using a chlorine charge with a C-factor of 0.16-0.20. Xylanase treatment also led to reduction in chlorine charge of at least 20%, with an acceptable brightness level. The enzyme pretreatment resulted in a slight increase in pulp viscosity, suggesting an increase in relative cellulose content. The crude enzyme was potent in the enzyme-aided beaching of chemical pulp in an environmentally friendly pulping process. Source

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