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Saigal R.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2010

A case of pachydermoperiostosis presented to us in rheumatology clinic with complaints of pain and swelling in knee joints unresponsive to treatment, characteristic facial features, grade four clubbing of nails and broadening of distal parts of extremities. He also complained of fatiguability which was due to anemia. The natural history of the disease was reviewed and investigated.

Agrawal M.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Joshi M.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine | Year: 2015

Objectives: To study the correlation between neurological level of spinal injury and bladder functions as detected by urodynamic study. Study design: Analytical study. Setting and participants: Seventy individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) admitted to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, S.M.S. Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur. Detailed clinical, neurological evaluation as per American Spinal Injury Association Classification and radiological assessment were done along with clinical examination of bladder and urodynamic study. Results: Out of 65 patients with suprasacral injuries, 53 (81.5%) demonstrated hyperreflexia with or without detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, 6 (9.2%) detrusor areflexia, and 6 (9.2%) had normal bladders, 41 (59.4%) low compliance (<20 ml/cmH2O), and 47 (72.30%) had high detrusor leak pint pressures (>40 cmH2O). Of the five patients with sacral injuries, one (20%) showed detrusor hyperreflexia, four (80%) detrusor areflexia, and one (20%) had low bladder compliance; all five (100%) had high detrusor leak point pressures. Conclusions: The correlation between somatic neurologic findings, spinal imaging studies, and urodynamic findings in patients with SCI is not exact. Therefore, bladder management should not completely rely only on clinical bladder evaluation or neurological examination alone, but should always include urodynamic studies. © The Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc. 2015.

Jindal N.,Government Medical College and Hospital | Banshiwal R.C.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Lamoria R.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Bachhal V.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research | Year: 2013

Background: It has been recently reported that local injection of autologous blood in tennis elbow offers a significant benefit by virtue of various growth factors contained therein. The objective of our study was assessment of efficacy of autologous blood injection versus local corticosteroid injection in the treatment of tennis elbow.Methods and trial design: A single blinded, prospective parallel group trial was undertaken. 50 consecutive patients of untreated lateral epicondylitis were enrolled. Randomisation was done on alternate basis and two groups were constituted, first one receiving steroid injection and second one injection of autologous blood. Both groups were evaluated at 2 and 6 weeks for pain relief and stage of disease.Results: Baseline evaluation showed no difference between the two groups (chi square test, P > 0.05). Between group analysis at 2 weeks showed no difference in pain relief and Nirschl stage (unpaired t test, P > 0.05). Evaluation at 6 weeks demonstrated a significant decrease in pain levels and stage of disease in blood group (unpaired t test, p < 0.05).Conclusions: Autologous blood injection was more effective than steroid injection in the short term follow up in tennis elbow. © 2013 Jindal et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Sharma K.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Yadav A.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Background: Dengue is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. Dengue fever (DF) with its severe manifestations such as dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) has emerged as a major public health problem of international concern. Thrombocytopenia and bleeding are common complications of dengue fever, hence besides platelet counts, there is a need to assess the role of mean platelet volume. Aims: Studying association of mean platelet volume (MPV) with severity, serology & treatment outcome to assess its prognostic utility, which can be of great help in limiting morbidity & mortality associated with dengue fever. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in Central Pathology Lab of SMS Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan from the period of March 2013 till October 2013. Blood samples were collected from 200 patients with NS 1 Antigen positivity experiencing febrile illness, clinically consistent with dengue infection. Evaluation of platelet counts, MPV, IgM and IgG antibodies was done in all these cases. Statistical Analysis: Categorical data were presented as numbers (percent) and were compared among groups using Chi-square test. Groups compared for demographic data were presented as mean and standard deviation and were compared using student t-test, ANOVA and Post-Hoc Test, Tukey Test using SPSS, version 20 for Windows. Results: A total of 200 Dengue fever cases were studied. Out of which, 68% cases were of DF, 23% DHF & 9% DSS i.e. classical dengue fever was most common presentation. Maximum (44%) cases were in age group of 15-24 years. Fever was the presenting complaint in all cases (100%). 98% cases of dengue had thrombocytopenia. MPV showed no significant correlation with severity, serology & treatment outcome, thus excluding its role in dengue cases. Conclusion: Mean platelet volume is not important as prognostic parameter in dengue fever. © 2015 Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All Rights Reserved.

Jindal N.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Jindal N.,Government Medical College and Hospital | Sankhala S.S.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Bachhal V.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Bachhal V.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with a burst fracture of the thoracolumbar spine treated by short segment pedicle screw fixation fared better clinically and radiologically if the affected segment was fused at the same time. A total of 50 patients were enrolled in a prospective study and assigned to one of two groups. After the exclusion of three patients, there were 23 patients in the fusion group and 24 in the non-fusion group. Follow-up was at a mean of 23.9 months (18 to 30). Functional outcome was evaluated using the Greenough Low Back Outcome Score. Neurological function was graded using the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale. Radiological outcome was assessed on the basis of the angle of kyphosis. Peri-operative blood transfusion requirements and duration of surgery were significantly higher in the fusion group (p = 0.029 and p < 0.001, respectively). There were no clinical or radiological differences in outcome between the groups (all outcomes p > 0.05). The results of this study suggest that adjunctive fusion is unnecessary when managing patients with a burst fracture of the thoracolumbar spine with short segment pedicle screw fixation. ©2012 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery.

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