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Kuopio, Finland

Savonia University of Applied science is a local municipality-owned Finnish institution of higher education based in the cities of Kuopio, Iisalmi and Varkaus.Savonia offers mainly Bachelor degree studies, though some Master degree programmes are in operation. It is the sixth largest University of Applied science in Finland with about 6,500 students.The largest field of education is Engineering. Engineers graduate after a minimum of four years and 240 ECTS credits after which they are awarded with the degree of Insinööri , equivalent to a Bachelor of Engineering . The second largest field is Business, which educates its students for a minimum of three years and 210 ECTS credits. Business studies lead to the degree of Tradenomi, equivalent to Bachelor of Business Administration.Savonia University of Applied science is participating in the Bologna Process. Wikipedia.

Raisanen S.,Savonia University of Applied Sciences
Duodecim; lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja | Year: 2012

Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) is a well-known, serious complication of vaginal delivery that can have serious implications for women's subsequent health. The risk factors for OASIS included first vaginal delivery, high birthweight, prolonged second stage of birth, and operative vaginal deliveries. Manual perineum protection and use of mediolateral or lateral episiotomy decreased the risk of OASIS. However, in the order of 99-1000 women must be exposed to an episiotomy in vaginal deliveries, and 13-67 in operative vaginal deliveries to prevent a single OASIS. The results indicate the value of selective use of medio-lateral/lateral episiotomy in spontaneous vaginal iberal use of deliveries whereas more I it might be advisable in operative vaginal deliveries.

Saarela A.-M.,Savonia University of Applied Sciences
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2014

Objective The aim was to explore how the behaviour of consumers changed while they selected food in a supermarket environment after they were reminded about weight management. This investigation was carried out from the perspective of selection criteria, reading of package labels, nutritional quality of the products selected and time taken to select a product. Design The subjects, who were actively watching their weight, participated in two consecutive tasks in a supermarket. They were given a shopping list of eleven food categories and asked to think aloud while selecting from each category a product they usually buy and a product they would use for weight management. The data (n 792 selections) were collected through interviews and a verbal analysis protocol combined with wireless audio-visual observation. Subjects Thirty-six consumers were recruited from a sample of 367 supermarket customers. Setting Kuopio, Finland. Results The subjects' behaviour changed radically after they were reminded about weight management. In the first selection, taste and familiarity were the main food selection criteria while in the latter selection the energy/fat content predominated. Consequently, the nutritional quality of products improved greatly because subjects read package labels twice as much in the latter selection. The time taken to select a product increased significantly, on average, from 23 (sd 10) to 60 (sd 51) s/product (P = 0·000). Conclusions Only by reminding consumers about weight management was there a significant impact on their food selection behaviour. Marketing communication should be developed which quickly and easily promotes consumers' awareness of healthy food in supermarkets. Copyright © The Author 2013.

Korhonen I.,Lappeenranta University of Technology | Lankinen R.,Savonia University of Applied Sciences
Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation | Year: 2014

Wireless sensors have become a focus of study in the field of measurement technologies. The power supply of many wireless sensors is based on batteries or external power sources. However, there is increasing interest in finding solutions where the batteries can be leaved away and the power for the wireless sensors is produced from the environment in which the sensors operate. The technologies required are called energy harvesting or scavenging technologies. This paper introduces the principles, modeling and a practical implementation of a self-powering solution for a wireless sensor for energy boilers or other hot reactor vessels. With the aid of energy solution introduced, the wireless sensor can operate autonomously without any batteries. One of the design targets in this work was that the top part of harvester's mechanics must fit to the opening or assembly tube of diameter less than 15 mm in the boiler wall reserved for standard instrument assemblies. So the top of harvester collects and conducts thermal energy to element generating electricity from it. The harvester and further the measuring and communication electronics are mounted outside the hot area. The harvester solution introduced in the paper can produce about 114 mW power, when top of harvester mechanics was inserted to the test oven heated to temperature of +500 °C. The sensor function or type is not defined nor limited in this study. The electric energy generated by harvester can be used to power, for example, temperature, heat flux, flow, vibration or other little energy needing sensors. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Raisanen S.,Savonia University of Applied Sciences | Vehvilainen-Julkunen K.,University of Eastern Finland | Vehvilainen-Julkunen K.,Kuopio University Hospital | Cartwright R.,Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology | And 4 more authors.
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Year: 2012

Objectives To identify and quantify the risks of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) separately in nulliparae, including women admitted for a first vaginal delivery after a previous caesarean section for their first birth, and multiparae delivered by vacuum extraction in Finland where the type of episiotomy is exclusively lateral. Design A retrospective population-based register study. Methods Nulliparous and multiparous women with OASIS were compared separately with women without OASIS using stepwise logistic regression analysis. Main outcome measures Risk of OASIS. Results Among a sample of 16 802 women whose infants were delivered by vacuum extraction between 2004 and 2007, the incidence of OASIS was significantly higher among nulliparous women (475 of 13 981, 3.4%) than multiparous women (40 of 2821, 1.4%), with adjusted odds ratio 2.44 (95% CI 1.77-3.39). Lateral episiotomy was associated with 46% decreased incidence of OASIS (adjusted odds ratio 0.54, 95% CI 0.42-0.70) in nulliparae delivered by vacuum extraction. There was no statistically significant association for multiparous women. An increase of 1000 g in birthweight increased the OASIS incidence 2.10-fold for nulliparae and 2.83-fold for multiparae. Conclusions Nulliparous women with infants delivered by vacuum extraction had an increased risk of OASIS compared with multiparous women. Lateral episiotomy was associated with a decreased incidence of OASIS, especially in women with large babies and long second stage. These results support liberal use of lateral episiotomy at vacuum extraction for nulliparous women at high risk of OASIS, but the role of episiotomy should be re-investigated in interventional randomised trials. © 2012 The Authors BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Raisanen S.,Savonia University of Applied Sciences | Vehvilainen-Julkunen K.,University of Eastern Finland | Vehvilainen-Julkunen K.,Kuopio University Hospital | Gissler M.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether an optimal level of lateral episiotomy use can be found by assessing the correlation between the hospital-based variations in episiotomy use and rates/odds ratios of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective population-based register study. The study group, comprising women with spontaneous singleton vaginal deliveries, contained all 154,175 primiparous and all 234,236 multiparous women. The correlations between lateral episiotomy use and incidence/risk of OASIS (n = 1659) were assessed using nonlinear and linear regression modeling. RESULTS: The rates of episiotomy were inversely correlated with the risk of OASIS among both groups of women. OASIS rates increased from 0.5-1.0% as episiotomy rates decreased from 80-40%. CONCLUSION: Restricting lateral episiotomy use may result in higher OASIS rates. However, we could not determine the optimal level of episiotomy use since individual hospitals deviated substantially from the correlation curves. © 2012 Mosby, Inc.

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