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Gopinath V.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2010

Aims and objectives : The present study was carried out to assess the oral hygiene practices and habits among practicing general dentists. Materials and Methods : The study was carried out in four dental schools with the help of a self administered questionnaire. The questionnaire covered dentists' oral self care, smoking habits, professional reading and oral health concepts. A total of 700 dentists responded, of which 457 were males. Recommended oral self care (ROSC) included tooth brushing one per day, eating sugary snacks daily or rarely and regularly using fluoride tooth paste. Results : The data obtained was then subjected to statistical analyses and evaluated using chi-square tests and logistic regressions.It was found that 55.9% of all respondents brushed twice a day, 59.4% consumed sugar containing snacks less than once daily and 55.1% of them used fluoride containing paste regularly while brushing. 81.1% of the 700 dentists never used tobacco products. In all, 19.6% 0f the practicing general dentists followed recommended oral self care. Conclusion : From the present study, it can be concluded that only 19.6% of south Indian dentists follow recommended oral self care and hence awareness programs and continuous dental education programs among dentists is essential to improve the present scenario and to increase the number of dental professionals following ROSC. Source


Nadar S.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2016

Obesity is a factor that is common in the present days. BMI (body mass index) is the factor that is used to find if person is overweight or obese. The correct BMI is between 18.5-25, more than 25 is overweight and more than 30 is obese. Leptin and ghrelin are the hormones, which are responsible for obesity. Leptin acts as a hormone that modulates the size of the adipose tissues in the body. It regulates food intake and body weight. It also acts on specific receptors in the hypothalamus to inhibit appetite through both counteractive and stimulatory mechanisms. Ghrelin regulates hunger and it also plays an important role in regulating the distribution and rate of use of energy. Obesity is a major disadvantage because it lowers your self confidence, inability to work and also due to the increased risk factors. Some are coronary heart disease, cancer, hypertension, stroke, liver and gall bladder disease, sleep apnea and breathing problems, osteoarthritis and Gynaecological problems. Thus prevention is very important and the existing cases can be treated with several methods. © RJPT All right reserved. Source


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of dental students toward dental management of patients on antiplatelet therapy. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire of 17 questions was administered to 150 students, belonging to third, final year and internship trainee of undergraduate dental program. The questionnaire was designed to collect the data regarding the knowledge of dental students about antiplatelet drugs, their attitude and practices when treating patients on antiplatelet therapy. The data from the participants were collected, statistically analyzed, and results were obtained. Results: About 80.8% of students have stated that minor surgical procedures cannot be carried out safely, without stopping the antiplatelet medication. 46.7% of students have mentioned that local hemostatic measures can control bleeding in a patient on antiplatelet therapy during dental treatment. 70% of them preferred to refer the patient to physician/cardiologist while treating patients on antiplatelet medications. 78.3% were not aware of the UK medicines information regarding surgical management of the primary care dental patient on antiplatelet medication. 70% of dental students have thought that evidence-based guidelines will be helpful in the dental management of patients on antiplatelet therapy. Conclusion: Educational programs or workshops related to the subject can increase the awareness of students to update their knowledge and practice related to managing patients on antiplatelet therapy before dental treatment. The findings from this study suggest that there is a great need to educate dental students to use evidence-based guidelines in terms of dental treatment for patients on antiplatelet therapy. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices among dental students on needle stick injuries (NSIs). Methods: A validated questionnaire of 23 questions regarding the basic knowledge, attitude and practices about NSIs was distributed among 100 students randomly belonging to 3rd year, final year, and internship (5th year trainee) of undergraduate dental program in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai. The data extracted were tabulated, statistically analyzed and results obtained. Results were calculated on the basis of frequency and percentages using SPSS. Results: About 87% of students had received hepatitis B (HBs) vaccination of which only 47% had carried out anti-HBs antibody check-up. Although 35% had suffered NSI, 15% of them did not report the incident of NSIs. However, only 37% of students knew about Universal Precaution guidelines. 76% of students had the habit of recapping the needle after injection. Conclusion: This study revealed that knowledge of dental students about the risks associated with NSIs and use of preventive measures was inadequate. A standard protocol regarding the training as well as adapting preventive measures should be formulated in all dental institutions. The implementation of Universal Precautions, elimination of needle recapping, use of safer needle devices, and use of sharps containers for safe disposal will reduce NSIs. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Bleeding intraoperatively and postoperatively in oral surgery poses a great threat to the patient and can lead to serious untoward consequences if uncontrolled. The dentist should be familiar with the range of hemostatic agents available and their application during different types of bleeding episodes. Bleeding complications can occur in healthy as well as systemically compromised patients. Having a broad knowledge of the management approaches will allow the clinician to know when to apply a particular approach. Unfortunately, some of the most useful preventive measures and management techniques are not utilized because of a lack of understanding of the coagulation process and/or the approaches and materials that are available. The purpose of this article is to review the literature regarding the applications of various local hemostatic agents in the management of bleeding in oral surgery, their mechanism of action, and contraindications. Furthermore, the novel hemostatic agents such as HemCon dental dressing and Quikclot are also discussed. Local hemostatic agents are very useful in controlling bleeding during oral surgical procedures in patients with congenital and acquired bleeding disorders and also in patients who are on antithrombotic medications for their systemic conditions. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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