Saveetha Dental College and Hospital

Chennai, India

Saveetha Dental College and Hospital

Chennai, India
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Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2017

Objective: To assess the effects of anxiety on pain experienced during dental extractions. Methods: A prospective study was conducted during the academic year July-September 2016, randomly among 60 dental patients who visited the outpatient Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, for single tooth extraction. Anxiety was measured using the Hamilton anxiety rating scale. The pain was measured using the pain visual analog scale (VAS) for the level of pain perceived during extraction. Data collected were analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows, Version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and results obtained. Results: From regression analysis, R2=0.605 which meant that the independent variable (anxiety) explained 60.50% of the variability of the dependent variable (pain) with significant t-value. There was a statistically significant correlation between VAS and total anxiety score (p<0.05). This strongly suggests that an increase in pain level is associated with an increase in anxiety level. Conclusion: Pre-operative dental anxiety is a major predictor of pain experienced by patients during dental extractions. Hence, it is an important to reduce anxiety before treatment to reduce pain during the treatment. Pharmacologic modalities like sedation can be used for reducing anxiety and pain related to the treatment in indicated patients. © 2017 The Authors.


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices among dental students on needle stick injuries (NSIs). Methods: A validated questionnaire of 23 questions regarding the basic knowledge, attitude and practices about NSIs was distributed among 100 students randomly belonging to 3rd year, final year, and internship (5th year trainee) of undergraduate dental program in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai. The data extracted were tabulated, statistically analyzed and results obtained. Results were calculated on the basis of frequency and percentages using SPSS. Results: About 87% of students had received hepatitis B (HBs) vaccination of which only 47% had carried out anti-HBs antibody check-up. Although 35% had suffered NSI, 15% of them did not report the incident of NSIs. However, only 37% of students knew about Universal Precaution guidelines. 76% of students had the habit of recapping the needle after injection. Conclusion: This study revealed that knowledge of dental students about the risks associated with NSIs and use of preventive measures was inadequate. A standard protocol regarding the training as well as adapting preventive measures should be formulated in all dental institutions. The implementation of Universal Precautions, elimination of needle recapping, use of safer needle devices, and use of sharps containers for safe disposal will reduce NSIs. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of dental students toward dental management of patients on antiplatelet therapy. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire of 17 questions was administered to 150 students, belonging to third, final year and internship trainee of undergraduate dental program. The questionnaire was designed to collect the data regarding the knowledge of dental students about antiplatelet drugs, their attitude and practices when treating patients on antiplatelet therapy. The data from the participants were collected, statistically analyzed, and results were obtained. Results: About 80.8% of students have stated that minor surgical procedures cannot be carried out safely, without stopping the antiplatelet medication. 46.7% of students have mentioned that local hemostatic measures can control bleeding in a patient on antiplatelet therapy during dental treatment. 70% of them preferred to refer the patient to physician/cardiologist while treating patients on antiplatelet medications. 78.3% were not aware of the UK medicines information regarding surgical management of the primary care dental patient on antiplatelet medication. 70% of dental students have thought that evidence-based guidelines will be helpful in the dental management of patients on antiplatelet therapy. Conclusion: Educational programs or workshops related to the subject can increase the awareness of students to update their knowledge and practice related to managing patients on antiplatelet therapy before dental treatment. The findings from this study suggest that there is a great need to educate dental students to use evidence-based guidelines in terms of dental treatment for patients on antiplatelet therapy. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Objective: To assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding infection control procedures among undergraduate dental students. Methods: A validated questionnaire of 23 questions regarding the basic knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding infection control in dental clinics was distributed among 150 students randomly belonging to third year, final year, and internship (fifth year trainee) of undergraduate dental program in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai. The data extracted were tabulated, statistically analyzed, and results obtained. Results were calculated on the basis of frequency and percentages using SPSS. Results: Nearly, 81.3% of students agreed that disinfection of dental clinic is important to prevent cross-infection among patients and dental personnel. 94.6% of dental students agreed that proper isolation during treatment is important for infection control in dentistry. 92% were aware of post-exposure prophylaxis against hepatitis B virus (HBV). 53.3% of them answered that HBV infection has the highest risk of transmission in the dental setting. 88% of students use gloves, face mask, head cap, gown always. 65.3% of dental students were willing to treat patients with infectious diseases after following universal/standard precautions. Conclusion: Dental students in this study have a good level of knowledge and positive attitudes about infection control. However, the knowledge acquired must be transferred into daily practice. Continuing education programs and refreshing courses regarding cross infection control procedures are necessary to update the knowledge of dental practitioners. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.


Santhosh Kumar M.P.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016

Bleeding intraoperatively and postoperatively in oral surgery poses a great threat to the patient and can lead to serious untoward consequences if uncontrolled. The dentist should be familiar with the range of hemostatic agents available and their application during different types of bleeding episodes. Bleeding complications can occur in healthy as well as systemically compromised patients. Having a broad knowledge of the management approaches will allow the clinician to know when to apply a particular approach. Unfortunately, some of the most useful preventive measures and management techniques are not utilized because of a lack of understanding of the coagulation process and/or the approaches and materials that are available. The purpose of this article is to review the literature regarding the applications of various local hemostatic agents in the management of bleeding in oral surgery, their mechanism of action, and contraindications. Furthermore, the novel hemostatic agents such as HemCon dental dressing and Quikclot are also discussed. Local hemostatic agents are very useful in controlling bleeding during oral surgical procedures in patients with congenital and acquired bleeding disorders and also in patients who are on antithrombotic medications for their systemic conditions. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.


Gopinath V.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2010

Aims and objectives : The present study was carried out to assess the oral hygiene practices and habits among practicing general dentists. Materials and Methods : The study was carried out in four dental schools with the help of a self administered questionnaire. The questionnaire covered dentists' oral self care, smoking habits, professional reading and oral health concepts. A total of 700 dentists responded, of which 457 were males. Recommended oral self care (ROSC) included tooth brushing one per day, eating sugary snacks daily or rarely and regularly using fluoride tooth paste. Results : The data obtained was then subjected to statistical analyses and evaluated using chi-square tests and logistic regressions.It was found that 55.9% of all respondents brushed twice a day, 59.4% consumed sugar containing snacks less than once daily and 55.1% of them used fluoride containing paste regularly while brushing. 81.1% of the 700 dentists never used tobacco products. In all, 19.6% 0f the practicing general dentists followed recommended oral self care. Conclusion : From the present study, it can be concluded that only 19.6% of south Indian dentists follow recommended oral self care and hence awareness programs and continuous dental education programs among dentists is essential to improve the present scenario and to increase the number of dental professionals following ROSC.


Subhadharsini S.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2016

Aim: To do review regarding the thyroid function in mother and children during pregnancy and neonatal. Objective: To understand the normal changes in thyroid activity that occur during pregnancy and neonatal. Background: The functions of the thyroid gland have much to do with a woman's reproductive system, particularly if the thyroid is overactive or underactive. In addition, abnormally high or low levels of thyroid hormone can cause very light or very heavy menstrual periods, very irregular menstrual periods, or absent menstrual period. Thyroid disorders during pregnancy can harm the fetus and may lead to thyroid problems in the mother after birth, such as postpartum thyroiditis. Severe hypothyroidism can actually cause milk production in the breast, while preventing ovulation. addition the ovaries are at an increased risk for cyst development if the woman has an underactive thyroid (hypothyroid). Reason: Thyroid hormone plays a critical role during pregnancy both in the development of a healthy baby and in maintaining the health of the mother. © RJPT All right reserved.


Ahad M.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2016

Aim: To make a review on Antioxidant level in oral malignant condition. Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide. Tobacco is the major cause of oral cancer. In many studies shows, reactive oxygen species (ROS) like super oxide radicals, hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen peroxide play a key role in human cancer development. As a consequence of normal metabolic process ROS recontinuously produced in the human body. Normally our body has several defence system to scavenge the ROS and protect our body from damage. The defence system contain Antioxidants, which is defined as any substance that when present in low concentration compared to that of an oxidizible substrate, significantly delays or inhibits the oxidation of that substrate. In normal cells there is an appropriate prooxidant:oxidant balance. When ROS level is increased, pro-oxidant level will increased and antioxidant level will decreased. This state is called oxidative stress which causes severe cell damage. Oxidative stress is the major cause of progression of many chronic Inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis, Neuro degenerative diseases and carcinogenesis. Reason: So oxidants and Antioxidants play an importance role in the development and progression of cancer. So in this study, I will review the level of antioxidants in oral cancer. © RJPT All right reserved.


Niyas F.M.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2016

Dioscorea bulbifera is a tribal plant, which belongs to the family Dioscoreaceae assigned to the order dioscorales. It is native to tropical Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Dioscorea bulbifera posses potentional therapeutic uses. It is found throughout India particularly in warmer places and is known as Yam or Air potato. Many tests prove phytochemically it contains flavnonoids, saponins, steroids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids. This review will enumerate the free radical scavenging and anti-oxidant activity in nature. Other aspects covered include anti-microbial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective functions. A large number among them occur in the wild state. Dioscorea species are distributed in nearly throughout India. © RJPT All right reserved.


Madhavan S.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2016

Aim: To provide information about the complications of general anesthetics and its management. Objective: To know about the various risks and complications on the administration of general anesthetics. A general anesthetic is a drug that has the ability to bring about a reversible loss of consciousness. Anesthesiologists administer these drugs to induce or maintain general anesthesia to facilitate surgery. Drugs given to induce anesthesia can be given either as gases or as injections. There are three kinds of aesthetics namely; general, regional and local. Any anesthetic technique has potential for complications. A number of more serious complications are associated with general anesthetics, but they are very rare. Possible complications include: a serious allergic reaction to the anesthetic, an inherited reaction to the anesthetic or death. Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea, geriatric patients etc are at high risk of developing complications when having surgery or other invasive interventions during general anesthesia. Risks and side effects include nausea and vomiting, physical injuries, embolism, peripheral nerve injury, aspiration pneumonitis, damage to teeth etc. Complications are more likely to occur if you are having major surgery or emergency surgery, have any other illnesses, smoke, or are overweight. Reason: To provide an updated review on the various adverse effects and complications of general anesthetics and methods of managing it. © RJPT All right reserved.

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