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Makker A.,Central Drug Research Institute | Makker A.,University of Lucknow | Singh M.M.,Central Drug Research Institute | Singh M.M.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Menopause | Year: 2012

Objective: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the most common metabolic bone disorders. Osteoporosis is reported to cause bone loss in the alveolar processes of maxilla and mandible, which provide bony framework for tooth anchorage. However, the association between systemic osteoporosis and oral health remains controversial. Available evidence suggests that Indian women have lower peak bone mass than their Western/other Asian counterparts. The present study evaluated the relationship between mandibular bone mineral density (mBMD), systemic skeletal BMD, and bone metabolism in premenopausal and postmenopausal Indian women. Methods: One hundred twenty-four premenopausal and 247 postmenopausal healthy women were included in the study. The BMD of the body of mandible, radius ultradistal, total hip, femur neck, and lateral spine were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Serum and urine biomarkers were determined using commercial kits. Results: Univariate regression analysis followed by stepwise multivariate regression analysis to obtain the best fit model demonstrated the BMD of radius ultradistal, serum inorganic phosphorus, estradiol, and sex hormone-binding globulin as significant predictors of mBMD in premenopausal women. The BMD of femur neck, serum ionized calcium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and urine total pyridinoline were significantly associated with mBMD in postmenopausal women. The significant association between mBMD and number of teeth present was observed in the whole group of premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Conclusions: Varied predictors of mBMD were observed in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. The results suggest that the screening for these biomarkers and serum ionized calcium should be useful (1) to assess the status of mBMD particularly in women requiring surgical dental intervention that include bone manipulation and (2) for early detection and management of women with the risk of developing osteoporosis. © 2012 by The North American Menopause Society. Source

Loomba K.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital
Journal of oral science | Year: 2010

Accuracy in defining a disease makes it easier to study and understand. Similarly, with injuries to the teeth, a comprehensive classification is an aid to correct diagnosis and treatment planning. A thorough review of various classifications of tooth fractures shows that, despite an emphasis on traumatic dental injuries, a consensus needs to be arrived at, especially among clinicians and general/family dentists. The ideal classification would be applicable to both primary and permanent dentition, based on tooth fractures in both the horizontal and vertical planes, encompassing all possible sites, easy to comprehend, communicable amongst health professionals and clinically relevant. With recent improvements in conservative techniques, it is now clinically possible to preserve natural teeth even if they have been horizontally or vertically fractured, and thus an in-depth understanding and knowledge of tooth fractures, together with a simplified classification, is now more than ever essential. Source

Garg K.N.,Chandra Dental College and Hospital | Raj V.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital | Chandra S.,King College
Indian Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Objective: Nucleolar organizer regions are loops of DNA containing ribosomal RNA genes and presumably are associated with ribosomal RNA activity, protein synthesis, and cell proliferation. Argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) count has been suggested as an objective method in differentiating dysplastic lesions from non-dysplastic lesions. Materials And Methods: This descriptive study was done on archival paraffin blocks (n = 60), consisting of 10 normal human oral epithelium, 22 cases of non-dysplastic leukoplakia (NDLK), and 28 cases of dysplastic leukoplakia (DLK). The AgNORs were counted with the aid of a manual using conventional light microscopy and photographs of the same were taken and analyzed using Image Pro Express 6.0 (Media Cybernetic Inc., USA) for windows. Results: The mean AgNOR count per nucleus was found to be higher in patients with DLK as compared to NDLK and controls using both manual counting and image analysis method and on comparing both the techniques, image analysis provide a more accurate reflection of AgNOR counts than manual counting. Conclusion: To conclude, reliability of computerized image technique of AgNOR count is the most appropriate marker to differentiate between dysplastic and NDLK. Computer-assisted image analysis system was found to be an effective tool in achieving high reproducibility as compare to manual. Source

Kashyap B.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital | Reddy P.S.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2012

The micronuclei assay (MA) in exfoliated buccal cells is an innovative genotoxicity technique, which holds promise for the study of epithelial carcinogens. Micronuclei are suitable internal dosimeters for revealing tissue-specific genotoxic damage in individuals exposed to carcinogenic mixtures. This article reviews the MN assay with respect to oral buccal mucosa, which has been used since the 1980s to demonstrate cytogenetic effects of environmental and occupational exposures, lifestyle factors, dietary deficiencies, and different diseases along with the characteristics of micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities. Source

Singh P.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital | Singh A.,Saraswati Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2013

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare reactive, angio-proliferative lesion which is usually found in the subcutaneous tissue of the head and neck. The lesion rarely arises from a native blood vessel. It is of unknown etiology but may be related to some benign, localized form of vasculitis. While preauricular location is the most frequent site of occurrence as reported in literature, a lesion in submental region seems to be a first reported site of occurrence. We report such an occurrence in an individual with history of trauma twice in his lifetime at the affected site. Spontaneous regression is common, but persistent or recurrent lesions may require treatment. Several treatments have been reported but surgery is considered to be the most efficient one. Source

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