Singh D.,Saraswati Dental College
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013
Angina bullosa haemorrhagica is the term used to describe benign subepithelial oral mucosal blisters filled with blood that are not attributable to a systemic disorder or haemostatic defect. It is a very rare condition. Elderly patients are usually affected and lesions heal spontaneously without scarring. The pathogenesis is unknown, although it may be a multifactorial phenomenon. Trauma seems to be the major provoking factor and long-term use of steroid inhalers has also been implicated in the disease. We present a 50-year-old patient with angina bullosa haemorrhagica. Trauma by sharp cusp of adjacent tooth and metal crown were identified as aetiological factors in this case. Lesions healed after removal of the metal crown and rounding of the cusp. Therefore, recognition of the lesion is of great importance to dentists, to avoid misdiagnosis. Source
Bhatia V.,University of Lucknow |
Goel M.M.,University of Lucknow |
Makker A.,University of Lucknow |
Tewari S.,Indian Institute of Toxicology Research |
And 6 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014
Promoter methylation and relative gene expression of O6- methyguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) and p16 genes were examined in tissue and blood samples of patients with premalignant oral lesions (PMOLs) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methylation-specific PCR and reverse transcriptase PCR were performed in 146 tissue and blood samples from controls and patients with PMOLs and OSCC. In PMOL group, significant promoter methylation of MGMT and p16 genes was observed in 59% (P=0.0010) and 57% (P=0.0016) of tissue samples, respectively, and 39% (P=0.0135) and 33% (P=0.0074) of blood samples, respectively. Promoter methylation of both genes was more frequent in patients with OSCC, that is, 76% (P=0.0001) and 82% (P=0.0001) in tissue and 57% (P=0.0002) and 70% (P=0.0001) in blood, respectively. Significant downregulation of MGMT and p16 mRNA expression was observed in both tissue and blood samples from patients with PMOLs and OSCC. Hypermethylation-induced transcriptional silencing of MGMT and p16 genes in both precancer and cancer suggests important role of these changes in progression of premalignant state to malignancy. Results support use of blood as potential surrogate to tissue samples for screening or diagnosing PMOLs and early OSCC. © 2014 Vikram Bhatia et al. Source
Kulkarni R.S.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute |
Arun D.P.,Saraswati Dental College |
Rai R.,NIMS Institute of Dental science |
Kanth S.V.,Azamgarah Dental College |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015
Context: In India, oral cancer accounts for one-third of all cancers. Early detection and immediate intervention can lead to marked reduction in the morbidity and mortality. In India, Ayurveda and homeopathy practitioners are distributed widely in rural and urban areas and are easily accessible. Until date, no assessment on their oral cancer knowledge and practice has been done. Aims: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the knowledge, awareness, and practice concerning oral cancer. Subjects and Methods: Questionnaire comprising 15 questions was distributed to 42 Ayurveda and 38 homeopathy doctors in Davangere District, Karnataka, India, assessing their oral examination habits, knowledge on the risk factors, patient education, clinical signs of the disease and its treatment. Statistical Analysis Used: The results were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: Lesser number of the practitioners routinely examined oral mucosa (16.7% and 5.3%, respectively). Fewer advised their patients about the risk factors (2.4% and 2.6%). Less positive response was obtained for the correct method for confirmation of diagnosis (28.6% and 15.8%). Many doctors agreed that they had not undergone training in cancer institute (P = 0.29). Twenty-three (54.8%) Ayurveda and 28 (73.7%) homeopathy doctors opined that they did not have sufficient knowledge regarding early detection and prevention of oral cancer and many were desirous of receiving further information (97.6% and 84.2% respectively). Conclusions: This study attempts to highlight the need for improving the oral cancer knowledge and awareness among practicing Ayurveda and homeopathy doctors. Source
Tamut T.,University of Lucknow |
Pooran C.,University of Lucknow |
Pratap S.B.,University of Lucknow |
Arvind T.,Saraswati Dental College |
And 2 more authors.
Gerodontology | Year: 2012
Objective: To evaluate the effect of bone mineral density (BMD) on masticatory performance and efficiency in dentate subjects. Background data: Osteoporosis is the most common disorder of the bone. It causes reduction in BMD of the all the skeletal tissue including jaw bones. It also promotes bone loss in jaw bones. In osteoporosis, a reduction of maximal bite force and greater electromyography activity of masticatory muscles is documented. This may lead to the development of masticatory dysfunction which can be assessed by a chewing test in the form of change in masticatory performance and efficiency. Materials and methods: Sixty subjects with equal numbers of men and women were selected for the study, in which BMD screening (T-score) was carried out to identify the normal, osteopenic and osteoporotic subjects. Their masticatory performance and efficiency was evaluated by a chewing test (fractional sieving method). Results: A high 'T' score was associated with low masticatory efficiency and a low 'T' score with high masticatory efficiency. Masticatory performance and efficiency was significantly higher among males as compared to females with similar range of BMD. Conclusion: In both genders, high BMD groups (low 'T' score) had a significantly high percentage of masticatory efficiency compared to the low BMD (high 'T' score) group. © 2010 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source
Khan S.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Ebeling M.C.,Cancer Biology and Sanford Childrens Health Research Center |
Chauhan N.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Thompson P.A.,Methodology and Data Analysis Center |
And 9 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2015
The management of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is extremely poor due to lack of an efficient therapy and development of chemoresistance to the current standard therapy, gemcitabine. Recent studies implicate the intimate reciprocal interactions between epithelia and underlying stroma due to paracrine Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling in producing desmoplasia and chemoresistance in PDAC. Herein, we report for the first time that a nonsteroidal drug, ormeloxifene, has potent anticancer properties and depletes tumor-associated stromal tissue by inhibiting the SHH signaling pathway in PDAC. We found that ormeloxifene inhibited cell proliferation and induced death in PDAC cells, which provoked us to investigate the combinatorial effects of ormeloxifene with gemcitabine at the molecular level. Ormeloxifene caused potent inhibition of the SHH signaling pathway via downregulation of SHH and its related important downstream targets such as Gli-1, SMO, PTCH1/2, NF-κB, p-AKT, and cyclin D1. Ormeloxifene potentiated the antitumorigenic effect of gemcitabine by 75% in PDAC xenograft mice. Furthermore, ormeloxifene depleted tumor-associated stroma in xenograft tumor tissues by inhibiting the SHH cellular signaling pathway and mouse/human collagen I expression. Xenograft tumors treated with ormeloxifene in combination with gemcitabine restored the tumor-suppressor miR-132 and inhibited stromal cell infiltration into the tumor tissues. In addition, invasiveness of tumor cells cocultivated with TGFb-stimulated human pancreatic stromal cells was effectively inhibited by ormeloxifene treatment alone or in combination with gemcitabine. We propose that ormeloxifene has high therapeutic index and in a combination therapy with gemcitabine, it possesses great promise as a treatment of choice for PDAC/pancreatic cancer. © 2015 AACR. Source