Bronxville, NY, United States
Bronxville, NY, United States

Sarah Lawrence College is a private liberal arts college in the United States. It is located in southern Westchester County, New York, in the city of Yonkers, 15 miles north of Manhattan.The college is known for its rigorous academic standards, low student-to-faculty ratio, and highly individualized course of study. The school models its approach to education after the Oxford/Cambridge system of one-on-one student-faculty tutorials, which are a key component in all areas of study. Sarah Lawrence emphasizes scholarship, particularly in the humanities, performing arts, and writing, and places a high value on independent study. Sarah Lawrence College is ranked among National Liberal Arts Colleges by U.S. News & World Report and among the America's Top 100 Colleges List conducted by Forbes. Sarah Lawrence was also named the higher education institution with the best faculty in all of America by Princeton Review in 2013. Wikipedia.


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Grob R.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Schlesinger M.,Yale University | Davis S.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Cohen D.,Sarah Lawrence College | Lapps J.,Society of Hospital Medicine
Health Affairs | Year: 2013

The Affordable Care Act provides support for state-run consumer assistance programs to help privately insured consumers who experience problems with their coverage. Its provisions signify the first national commitment to such assistance and to using cases aggregated by these state programs to inform policy. We interviewed state-level administrators and analyzed program documents to assess whether federal support for state-run consumer assistance programs achieved certain goals. We found that some federally supported programs made substantial progress in supporting and empowering patients by reorienting state agencies to become active advocates for their citizens. Yet progress across the country was inconsistent, and there was little evidence that programs addressed systemic problems experienced by consumers. On balance, the consumer assistance provisions of health carereform do not yet ensure protection for all privately insured Americans because of uneven implementation-a problem likely to be of further concern as coverage is expanded and health insurance exchanges come online in 2014. At the same time, the demonstrated impact of consumer assistance programs in the most innovative states is arguably a useful "proof of concept" for this young federal program. © 2013 Project HOPE- The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.


Georgeon O.L.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | Marshall J.B.,Sarah Lawrence College
International Journal of Machine Consciousness | Year: 2013

We propose an experimental method to study the possible emergence of sensemaking in artificial agents. This method involves analyzing the agent's behavior in a test bed environment that presents regularities in the possibilities of interaction afforded to the agent, while the agent has no presuppositions about the underlying functioning of the environment that explains such regularities. We propose a particular environment that permits such an experiment, called the Small Loop Problem. We argue that the agent's behavior demonstrates sensemaking if the agent learns to exploit regularities of interaction to fulfill its self-motivation as if it understood (at least partially) the underlying functioning of the environment. As a corollary, we argue that sensemaking and self-motivation come together. We propose a new method to generate self-motivation in an artificial agent called interactional motivation. An interactionally motivated agent seeks to perform interactions with predefined positive values and avoid interactions with predefined negative values. We applied the proposed sensemaking emergence demonstration method to an agent implemented previously, and produced example reports that suggest that this agent is capable of a rudimentary form of sensemaking. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company.


News Article | November 22, 2016
Site: www.technologyreview.com

In August 2015, Samantha Schilit went to her primary care doctor to get a blood draw. A PhD candidate at Harvard specializing in human genetics, she was itching to unlock the secrets of her genes with a test called whole-genome sequencing, which provides a full readout of a person’s DNA. Patients must give their informed consent before undergoing whole-genome sequencing or any other genetic test. But there are no laws that restrict what patients can do with their own genetic information, or that require patients’ family members to be involved in the consent process. This raises questions about who owns an individual’s genetic code, since family members share many genetic traits and may harbor the same genetic abnormalities associated with certain diseases. When Schilit got her test results back a few months later, she didn’t consider that her identical twin sister Arielle Schilit Nitenson, a PhD student in neuroscience at Brown University, would have concerns about the test. The two co-authored an article in the Journal of Genetic Counseling about their experience. “Your genes don’t really belong to you,” Nitenson says. As identical twins, Schilit and Nitenson share nearly the same genome. So any important information Schilit learned from the test would also be relevant to Nitenson. But unlike her sister, Nitenson wasn’t as eager to learn what possible mutations might be lurking in her DNA, and she was worried about who would have access to the data. She didn’t want her information to be used for research purposes or by an insurance company to discriminate against her. Congress passed the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act in 2008, but while it prevents genetic discrimination for employment and health insurance, it doesn’t cover life, disability, or long-term care insurance. David Flannery, medical director at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, an organization made up of genetics professionals, says concerns about privacy and sharing of genetic data aren’t new. But these issues have become more complex since whole-genome tests became commercially available in 2013. These tests produce huge amounts of data, only a tiny fraction of which scientists are able to link to disease risk. As it turned out, the results of Schilit’s test showed that the twins had a pretty healthy genome. They found out they were genetic carriers for only a handful of mild medical conditions, but one of them became dangerous when Nitenson became pregnant with her first child earlier this year. One of her genetic mutations could cause problems during labor. The genetic abnormality means that certain common pain alleviation methods and delivery techniques pose a risk for Nitenson and her baby. Armed with that knowledge, Nitenson, now 28 weeks pregnant, told her obstetrician so they could make an alternative plan for her delivery. Nitenson didn’t want to disclose the genetic abnormality over concerns for her unborn daughter’s privacy, even though her sister was willing to divulge that information publicly. But Schilit and Nitenson came to an agreement about what they are both comfortable sharing and what should be kept private. Laura Hercher, a professor at Sarah Lawrence College who teaches ethical issues in genetic counseling, says the way the twins handled their genetic information is the best-case scenario for a family in which a member undergoes genetic testing. The consent process for whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing is “all over the map,” she says. Some companies that manufacture these tests have their own consent forms, while clinics and health-care systems that offer genome sequencing have their own procedures for communicating to patients the possible benefits and consequences of genetic testing. Most tests require a physician’s signature for authorization, regardless of whether the doctor has any special training in genetics. Schilit says she mentioned her twin to the physician who ordered the test, but she says “there was never a conversation about my twin and the implications” of the test results for her. Hercher says doctors are responsible for telling patients to notify family members if genetic mutations related to certain serious diseases are discovered in a genomic sequencing test. But ultimately, “family members don’t have veto powers” over a relative’s decision to get genetic testing, she says.


Carroll K.J.,Virginia Commonwealth University | Calvin S.,Sarah Lawrence College | Ekiert T.F.,University of Delaware | Unruh K.M.,University of Delaware | Carpenter E.E.,Virginia Commonwealth University
Chemistry of Materials | Year: 2010

A simple synthesis of core-shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) is reported using a modified polyol process. We found that it is possible to control the nucleation kinetics of nickel and copper salts in ethylene glycol by manipulating the boiling temperature of the solution. It is hypothesized that a 10 °C temperature difference is sufficient to separate out the nucleation of elemental copper and nickel nanoparticles. © 2010 American Chemical Society.


Vasudevan K.V.,University of Texas at Austin | Butorac R.R.,University of Texas at Austin | Abernethy C.D.,Sarah Lawrence College | Cowley A.H.,University of Texas at Austin
Dalton Transactions | Year: 2010

The bis(imino)acenaphthene-supported N-heterocyclic carbene IPr(BIAN) has been prepared by deprotonation of the precursor imidazolium chloride. Treatment of IPr(BIAN) imidazolium chloride with Ag2O afforded the silver complex [IPr(BIAN)]AgCl which can be converted into the corresponding gold complex [IPr(BIAN)]AuCl by reaction with (tht)AuCl (tht = tetrahydrothiophene). The iridium complex [IPr(BIAN)]Ir(COD)Cl was prepared by reaction of the imidazolium chloride with KOtBu and [Ir(COD)Cl]2 and subsequently converted to the carbonyl complex [IPr(BIAN)]Ir(CO)2Cl by exposure to an atmosphere of CO. All new compounds were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, multinuclear NMR, MS and HRMS data. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Corva D.,Sarah Lawrence College
International Journal of Drug Policy | Year: 2014

The life and death of California's Campaign Against Marijuana Planting (CAMP, 1983-2012) offers a unique analytical window into the time and space of the U.S. war on drugs in a global context. This paper draws on CAMP report archives, ethnographic interviews, and secondary data sources to locate the significance of CAMP, its demise, and enduring legacy for the political economy of domestic illicit cannabis production in southern Humboldt County, where it was initially focused. I first introduce the economic geography of cannabis production in southern Humboldt County and California. In the first part of the paper, using theoretical frameworks from Critical Geopolitics and International Relations, I examine the geo-politics of CAMP's emergence. In the second part of the paper, I examine industrial reterritorialization associated with its geographies of enforcement over time. I conclude by discussing the eclipse of its foundational logic-and-practice (policing the "Emerald Triangle") by new political and economic geographies of power. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Hercher L.,Sarah Lawrence College | Jamal L.,Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics
Applied and Translational Genomics | Year: 2016

Clinical genetics has wrestled with the problem of misattributed paternity for decades. While there are no clear directives on policy, surveys suggest that genetics professionals are inclined to avoid disclosure when possible. Changes associated with the increased use of genomic testing will alter the context and may limit the benefits of non-disclosure. Multi-site testing will preclude the uncertainty often associated with single-gene testing. Increased use of genetic testing in clinical and non-clinical settings will create new opportunities for the subsequent unmasking of misattributed relationships, as will the presence of test results in the electronic medical record. Family health history information will become more valuable as it is used more often and to better effect in risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment and reproductive decision-making. These changes associated with genomic testing increase the risks and decrease the benefits associated with the nondisclosure of misattributed paternity. For ethical and practical reasons, genetics professionals, and those who advise them, should consider a greater emphasis on the value of carefully planned disclosure. © 2016 The Authors.


Benitez M.-S.,Duke University | Hersh M.H.,Sarah Lawrence College | Vilgalys R.,Duke University | Clark J.S.,Duke University
Trends in Ecology and Evolution | Year: 2013

The Janzen-Connell (JC) hypothesis, one of the most influential hypotheses explaining forest diversity, is inconsistent with evidence that tree species share the same natural enemies. Through the discussion of seedling diseases from a pathogen-centered perspective, we expand the JC hypothesis to tie in host-pathogen-environment interactions at three levels: local adaptation, host specificity of the combined effect of multiple infections, and environmental modulation of disease. We present evidence from plant pathology, disease ecology, and host-parasite evolution relevant to (but not commonly associated with) forest species diversity maintenance. This expanded view of the JC hypothesis suggests ways to direct new experiments to integrate research on pathogen local adaptation, co-infection, and environmental effects on infection by using high-throughput molecular techniques and statistical models. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Schultz A.,Sarah Lawrence College
PhyCS 2014 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Physiological Computing Systems | Year: 2014

The body's bilateral symmetry allows for various kinds of human motion patterns. Our paper presents a method for analyzing and representing motion capture time series that effectively identifies spatial and temporal patterns. We develop a factored representation of joint angle data based on quaternions and a metric pair for comparing different physical states of articulation. This metric pair is used to generate a metric space pair over the set of time series states. The result is represented as a 2-dimensional color image termed a bilateral motion spectrum. Several spectral motifs are presented and characterized. Copyright © 2014 SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications. All rights reserved.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY | Award Amount: 109.84K | Year: 2015

The research supported by this award will examine how major political and economic changes affect the ways in which ordinary people speak, imagine the future, and navigate moral decision making in their daily lives. During the last three decades, liberal models of democracy and neoliberal economic reforms, based on American political and economic doctrines, have brought about fundamental transformations in many countries of the global South. New emphases on democratic aspirations, transparency, entrepreneurialism, and human rights have been incorporated into political cultures formerly grounded in social hierarchy, secrecy, and fatalism. Understanding the role that key concepts of American political culture have in the transformations occurring in the emergent countries of the global South is critical for fostering geopolitical communication and stability through the development of programs and policies based on a deeper knowledge of culturally specific dimensions of moral and political reasoning. However, such understanding can only be acquired through attention to the micro-processes of daily life at the level of individuals and communities. Therefore, anthropologists who study the local-level effects of these major national shifts often take advantage of the natural experiment provided by the fact that once-isolated populations are now increasingly exposed for the first time to Western models of the goal-oriented political actor driven by rational choices, a situation that highlights the mechanisms involved.

For this research, linguistic anthropologist Dr. Aurora Donzelli (Sarah Lawrence College) will travel to the Toraja highlands of Sulawesi, Indonesia. This is an appropriate site for pursuing these questions because not only is Indonesia the worlds second-fastest growing economy, it has also, since 1998, transitioned quickly from having highly centralized system of state-led development to a decentralized system based on market capitalism. As a result of this watershed transformation, the relatively remote Toraja have been confronted with a new rhetoric of democratic aspirations, a new world of actual goods and imaginable consumptions, and a new social legitimacy of personal ambition. The researcher will gather data on this complex transition from a moral regime centered on the social expectation that personal wants should remain hidden and unexpressed to a new acceptance of the public expression of individual ambition. To document the collision between these different moralities, she will conduct careful analysis of the linguistic and semiotic resources employed in two apparently unrelated domains of human sociality: the public sphere of political speechmaking and ritual exchange and the private domain of domestic interaction. Because the investigator first studied the Toraja over a decade ago, she has baseline data that will enable her to undertake a longitudinal study of changes in their linguistic and moral practices that have resulted from national economic and political transformation. Findings from this research will provide material for comparative analyses of moral and linguistic transformations in the wake of social and political reform and will further the understanding of the linguistic, social, and cultural dynamics that support institutional transformations.

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