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São Leopoldo, Brazil

To evaluate the alterations of the buccolingual width of the alveolar ridge after immediate implant placement using a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) consisting of a mixture of 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% ?-tricalcium phosphate in esthetic regions. The buccolingual widths of the alveolar ridge in 20 extraction sites in 20 patients were assessed using computed tomography. Measurements were performed before and 6 months after extractions and immediate implant placement. In group 1 (11 patients), BCP was in the space between the buccal wall of the alveolar ridge and implant. In group 2 (9 patients), the same evaluations and procedures were performed but without using BCP. The buccolingual dimensions of the alveolar ridge in group 1 (BCP) showed no significant preoperative differences (8.49 ± 1.1 mm) during the 6-month period after surgery (8.82 ± 0.9 mm) (P = .14). In group 2, the differences in buccolingual dimensions of the alveolar ridge were statistically significant (P = .01) with reduction in dimensions from 8.12 ± 0.7 mm during the preoperative period to 7.01 ± 0.4 mm 6-months after surgery. The use of BCP was effective in preserving buccolingual dimensions of alveolar ridges in immediate implant surgeries.

Da Costa Ribeiro R.,University of Campinas | Dos Santos Jr. B.J.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | Provenzano N.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | De Freitas P.H.L.,Federal University of Sergipe
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2014

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation is an involuntary forward movement of the mandible beyond the articular eminence with the condyle remaining stuck in the anterior-most position, leaving the patient unable to close their mouth. Conservative treatment for this condition includes the injection of sclerosing agents or the intramuscular administration of botulinum toxin type A, while surgical therapy requires either removal or augmentation of the articular eminence. Once the surgical treatment plan has been determined, pneumatization of the articular eminence may turn a relatively simple procedure into a great surgical challenge. We present herein the cases of two patients suffering from recurrent mandibular dislocation who happened to have pneumatization of the articular eminences. Both patients were treated with a down-fracture of the zygomatic arch, known as Dautrey's procedure, modified by the application of a miniplate connecting the displaced arch and the lateral portion of the articular eminence. Neither patient had suffered a new episode of dislocation at their most recent postsurgical visit. © 2013 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

Kammers A.C.E.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | Zanetti A.L.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | Lacerda T.S.P.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | Aroca J.P.,West Parana State University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Introduction: Reduction of biofilm on dentures is important for maintaining denture wearers’ health. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of toothbrush handles individually adapted in reducing of biofilm on dentures. Materials and Methods: Study participants were 16 residents of the condo for the elderly, denture wearers, functionally independent and without cognitive impairment. Participants were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1 (adapted toothbrush handles) and Group 2 (conventional toothbrush). Biofilm from the inner surface of the basal area of the denture was observed using 5% erythrosine. Images obtained before starting the use of toothbrushes, after 7 and 21 days were sent for computer analysis. Results: The average amount of biofilm on the first day was considered severe in both groups. At the end of the experiment, the average biofilm coverage in Group 1 was 44.7% (13.1% reduction) and in Group 2 it was 48.6% (4.8% reduction). However, the Friedman analysis of variance test showed that the reduction was statistically significant (p< 0.05) only in Group 1, demonstrating the effectiveness of the adapted brushes. Conclusion: The findings of this pilot study indicated that for the reduction of biofilm on dentures the adapted toothbrush handles were superior to the conventional type. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Pasquali P.J.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | Teixeira M.L.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | Oliveira T.A.D.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | De Macedo L.G.S.,Sao Leopoldo Mandic Dental School | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Biomaterials | Year: 2015

Purpose. To investigate the regenerative results obtained with the association of bone marrow aspirate concentrate using the Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC) method to a xenogeneic bone graft (Bio-Oss) in sinus floor elevation. Materials and Methods. Using a randomized controlled study design in eight consecutive patients (age of 55.4 ± 9.2 years), 16 sinus floor lift procedures were performed with Bio-Oss alone (control group, CG, n=8) or combined with bone marrow aspirate concentrate obtained via the BMAC method (test group, TG, n=8). Six months after the grafting procedures, bone biopsies were harvested during implant placement and were analyzed by histomorphometry. Results. Histomorphometric analysis revealed a significantly higher amount (p<0.05) of vital mineralized tissue in TG when compared to the CG (55.15 ± 20.91% and 27.30 ± 5.55%, resp.). For nonvital mineralized tissue, TG presented a statistically higher level of Bio-Oss resorption (p<0.05) when compared with the CG (6.32 ± 12.03% and 22.79 ± 9.60%, resp.). Both groups (TG and CG) showed no significantly different levels (p>0.05) of nonmineralized tissue (38.53 ± 13.08% and 49.90 ± 7.64%, resp.). Conclusion. The use of bone marrow concentrate obtained by BMAC method increased bone formation in sinus lift procedures. © 2015 Paulo José Pasquali et al.

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