Between the recovery of historical heritage and the housing issue: Urban renewal projects to downtown Santos [Entre a recuperação patrimonial e a questão da moradia: Projetos de renovação urbana para o centro de Santos]
Maziviero M.C.,Sao Judas Tadeu University
Urbe | Year: 2016
The study case is the city of Santos, specifically the municipal public administration, concerning urban policies. Due to the large increase in Santos land value in the last fifteen years, and to the public management marked by both patrimonialism as the growing attention to the interests of large private capital, which is organized through associations and representations of class, there were two very clear processes in the city: a) the expulsion of part of Santos population, including the lower middle class, mainly to other cities of the region; and b) the commodification of urban and architectural heritage which has been preserved, since it did not interfere with the real estate market interests. The work has as main objective the description, analysis and evaluation of Santos urban policies, regarding their set of values, its operating logic, and the attendance of interests inside and outside the city.
Rebollo R.A.,Sao Judas Tadeu University
Historia, Ciencias, Saude - Manguinhos | Year: 2010
This is a partial contribution to an understanding of the history of the reception and transmission of classical Hippocratic and Galenic texts in Italy's modern period. By examining rotuli and puncti of the School of Medicine of Padua University, which record the subjects and content taught in the period between 1500 and 1600, one can study the official curriculum of this famous school. Perusal of these documents shows the commitment of official medical training to tradition, especially with respect to Hippocrates, Galen, Avicenna and Aristotle.
Ervilha U.F.,Sao Judas Tadeu University |
Graven-Nielsen T.,University of Aalborg |
Duarte M.,Federal University of ABC
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2012
In numerous motor tasks, muscles around a joint act coactively to generate opposite torques. A variety of indexes based on electromyography signals have been presented in the literature to quantify muscle coactivation. However, it is not known how to estimate it reliably using such indexes. The goal of this study was to test the reliability of the estimation of muscle coactivation using electromyography. Isometric coactivation was obtained at various muscle activation levels. For this task, any coactivation measurement/index should present the maximal score (100% of coactivation). Two coactivation indexes were applied. In the first, the antagonistic muscle activity (the lower electromyographic signal between two muscles that generate opposite joint torques) is divided by the mean between the agonistic and antagonistic muscle activations. In the second, the ratio between antagonistic and agonistic muscle activation is calculated. Moreover, we computed these indexes considering different electromyographic amplitude normalization procedures. It was found that the first algorithm, with all signals normalized by their respective maximal voluntary coactivation, generates the index closest to the true value (100%), reaching 92 ± 6%. In contrast, the coactivation index value was 82 ± 12% when the second algorithm was applied and the electromyographic signal was not normalized (P < 0.04). The new finding of the present study is that muscle coactivation is more reliably estimated if the EMG signals are normalized by their respective maximal voluntary contraction obtained during maximal coactivation prior to dividing the antagonistic muscle activity by the mean between the agonistic and antagonistic muscle activations.
Filho W.J.,University of Sao Paulo |
Fontinele R.G.,University of Sao Paulo |
de Souza R.R.,Sao Judas Tadeu University
Current Aging Science | Year: 2014
This study determines the effects of growing and aging on lung physiological volumes and capacities and the incidence of inflammation in the small airways with age in rats. A reference database comprising of body weight gain, lung physiological volumes and capacities and an anatomopathological study of lung lesions over 240 Wistar rats from two to 24 -mo, is described. Tidal volume (TV), minute respiratory volume (MRV), and forced vital capacity (FVC) decreased during the first six months of life and then remain constant until 24 -mo of age. The respiratory frequency (Rf) and dynamical compliance (Cdyn) maintain at constant values from 2 to 24- mo of age; the functional residual capacity (FRC) increases in the first 6 -mo and then remains constant up to 24 -mo. It was verified a less intensive inflammation in the small airways with age, when compared with the median and large airways. In conclusion: This study showed the normal parameters for lung volumes and capacities and the incidence of infections for growing and aging male and female rats. The age-related data on these main respiratory parameters in rats would be useful in studies of aging-related disorders using this model and for safety pharmacology studies necessary for the development of drugs. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.
Maranhao F.L.,Sao Judas Tadeu University |
Maranhao F.L.,University of Sao Paulo |
Loh K.,University of Sao Paulo |
John V.M.,University of Sao Paulo
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2011
Adhesive mortars are widely used to set porcelain stoneware tiles on buildings because their bond strength and flexibility properties increase the cladding serviceability. However, their long-term performance is not well understood, mainly the degradation of the polymeric matrix. The influence of moisture content on the flexibility of six adhesive mortars is investigated, based on standard EN 12002. Four of them have defined formulations and the other two are commercial and are widely used to set porcelain stoneware tiles on building faades in Brazil. The results show that moisture content above 6% is sufficient to reduce 50% of the mortar deformability, but that the drying process allows it to recover to a value similar to that prior to saturation; a logarithmic function best fits the correlation between moisture content and flexibility; water immersion increases matrix rigidity. It is suggested that standards should consider flexibility tests on both dried and wet samples as a requirement for polymer-modified mortars. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.