Gupta A.,Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital |
Bhatia H.P.,Santosh Dental College
Kathmandu University Medical Journal | Year: 2012
The prevalence of dental caries in developing countries like India is increasing to an alarming level in contrast to developed countries where it has decreased because of variety of preventive measures at the community and individual level. There is no State or Centre funded programs for prevention of dental diseases in India. The present review enlists the targeted prevention of dental caries in permanent teeth of 6 to 16 years old children presenting for dental care.
Srivastava D.,ESIC Dental College and Hospital |
Sharma S.,ESIC Dental College and Hospital |
Mishra S.,ESIC Dental College and Hospital |
Srivastava B.,Santosh Dental College
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology | Year: 2016
Joint arthroplasty coupled with distraction osteogenesis is an attractive treatment option for correction of TMJ ankylosis associated with secondary mandibular deformity. Lately, advances in surgical techniques and equipment have greatly widened the horizon for application of distraction osteogenesis in correction of skeletal deformities. Despite the availability of several surgical techniques, treatments still continue to be challenging. Search for a technique that will reduce the frequency of complications while providing more predictable outcomes is still continuing. In the case report described here, interpositional gap arthroplasty using temporomyofascial flap and extra-oral distraction osteogenesis were combined in a single surgical operation to treat a young adult for unilateral TMJ ankylosis with mandibular deficiency. A modified distraction technique was employed wherein two extra-oral distractors were placed on the affected side to provide more effective and predictable distraction. Marked improvement in aesthetics, function and occlusion could be appreciated with the use of this modified technique. © 2016 Asian AOMS, ASOMP, JSOP, JSOMS, JSOM, and JAMI.
Agarwal A.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center |
Mahajan S.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center |
Verma S.,Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center |
Bhardwaj P.,Kanti Devi Dental College and Hospital |
Sharma G.,Santosh Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016
Introduction: The force applied on to a tooth with periodontal bone loss may generate different magnitude and pattern of stresses in the periodontium when compared to a tooth with no bone loss & under the same force system. The intensity of the forces and moment to force ratios needed to be applied during an Orthodontic treatment must be adapted to obtain the same movement as in a tooth with a healthy periodontal support. Aim: Evaluation and assessment of the stress distribution during various types of Orthodontic tooth movement on application of Orthodontic force, at various levels of alveolar bone loss; & determination of the most ideal force system producing the Optimum Stress (i.e., stress within optimum range), uniformly (conducive to bodily movement of maxillary canine with varying degrees of bone loss). Materials and Methods: A human maxillary canine tooth of right side was simulated by means of Finite Element Method (FEM). Five different models were constructed with bone loss ranging from 0mm in model 1, to 8mm in model 5 (progressing at 2mm per model). Ten different loading conditions were applied on these models and the stress generated was charted at various occluso-gingival levels and surfaces around the tooth. The evaluation and assessment of the stress distribution during various types of Orthodontic tooth movement on application of Orthodontic force, at various levels of alveolar bone loss was done. Results: The results showed that there was a high positive correlation between the increase in bone loss & the stress generated, suggesting an elevation in the stress with advancing bone loss. Additionally, the type of tooth movement was found to be changed with bone loss. During the determination of ideal force system it was found that the centre of resistance of the canine migrated apically with bone loss and an increase in the moment to force ratio (Mc:F) was required to control the root position in these cases. Conclusion: A high positive correlation exists between the increase in bone loss and the stress generated. Suitable modification should be done in the force system under bone loss conditions. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.
Shewale A.H.,Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital |
Gattani D.R.,Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital |
Bhatia N.,Santosh Dental College |
Mahajan R.,Genesis Institute of Dental science |
Saravanan S.P.,Armed Forces Medical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016
Introduction: Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease resulting in destruction of tissues and structures surrounding the teeth thus, if left untreated causes loss of teeth and ultimately results in edentulism, posing a great negative impact on individuals’ quality of life. Hence the global epidemiological data suggests periodontal disease to be one of a major burden on oral diseases. To reduce this burden it is necessary to know the true prevalence of the disease according to which proper initiatives can be formulated. India being home to nearly 1.2 billion people and one amongst the rapidly developing country, its population requires being systemically as well as orally healthy to lead a good quality of life. However due to large heterogenecity amongst its residing population in terms of geographical area, culture, education, socioeconomic status, a variety of oral diseases like periodontal diseases are prevalent here. Even though the early studies suggested that the population is highly susceptible to the disease, the true prevalence of periodontal disease has not been found yet due to paucity in literature available. Aim: To systematically review the available literature taken from various parts of India and find the prevalence rate of periodontal disease amongst the general population of India. Materials and Methods: A literature search was performed using PUB MED, COCHRANE and EMBASE databases on August 6, 2015. Following full text assessment a thorough references search was made and potential studies were included. A Quality assessment of retrieved articles from 2nd round was done using a self designed questionnaire and only field survey studies were included in the systematic review. Results: The literature search yielded six studies which had performed field surveys to find the prevalence of periodontal disease in their respective areas. These studies have observed different sets of age groups and the same has been accomplished by using Community Periodontal Index (CPI) or Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). It was also found that no prevalence studies have been carried out in few North and North Eastern states and Union Territories of India. Conclusion: Due to non-availability of same age groups in selected studies an overall prevalence rate could not be obtained. However, it was observed that few areas of states like West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Assam have reported a prevalence rate of periodontal disease of more than 85% in their general population. The data from the present systematic review calls for a combined initiative from the Government of India and Dental council of India to have a nationwide multicentric prevalence studies to obtain the true prevalence rate of periodontal disease in India and interventions should be provided for the same to maintain the oral health and quality of life of the affected population. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.
Sharma G.,Santosh Dental College |
Sharma P.,Santosh Medical College |
Kumar P.,Santosh Dental College |
Kumar R.,Sarjug Dental College
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2016
Objective: Present study was carried out to evaluate the serum level of lactate hydrogenase enzyme in normal, precancerous, and cancerous subjects independently, to probe into the possible interrelationship among them, by utilizing biochemical parameter as an adjunct or solely to diagnose the malignant condition. Methods: The study was carried out to evaluate the role of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as a biochemical parameter in the oral premalignant and malignant and normal subjects. Estimation of LDH was carried out by spectrophotometric method of Wroblewski and LaDue. Statistical analysis was done using Student’s t-test. Result: An increased level of LDH was found in serum in patients with oral premalignant and malignant lesions. Moreover, the raised level of LDH had a positive correlation with the histologic grading. Conclusion: Serum LDH in normal subject is 338.82 WL unit /ml. However the mean LDH value increases to 485.66 in premalignant lesion and to 762.72 WL unit /ml in malignancy. Thus we conclude that serum LDH level increases in premalignant lesion and malignancy. © 2016, Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.