Osti L.,Unit of Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine |
Buda M.,University of Ferrara |
del Buono A.,Hospital SantAnna |
Osti R.,University of Ferrara |
Massari L.,University of Ferrara
Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal | Year: 2015
Purpose: the aim of this quantitative review is to document potential benefit and adverse effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) injection into the shoulder with rotator cuff tears. Methods: a systematic literature search was performed in english PubMed, Medline, Ovid, Google Scholar and Embase databases using the combined key words “hyaluronic acid”, “rotator cuff tear”, “hyaluro nate”, “shoulder”, “viscosupplementation”, with no limit regarding the year of publication. Articles were included if they reported data on clinical and functional outcomes, complications in series of patients who had undergone HA injection for management of rotator cuff tears. Two Authors screened the selected articles for title, abstract and full text in accordance with predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The papers were accurately analyzed focusing on objective rating scores reported. Results: a total of 11 studies, prospective, 7 were randomized were included by full text. A total of 1102 patients were evaluated clinically after different HA injection compare with corticosteroid injection, physically therapies, saline solution injection and control groups. The use of HA in patients with rotator cuff tears improve VAS and functional score in all trials that we have analyzed. Conclusion: intra-articular injection with HA is effective in reducing pain and improving function in shoulder with rotator cuff tears and without severe adverse reaction. Level of evidence: Level I. © 2015, CIC Edizioni Internazionali s.r.l. All rights reserved.
Maffulli N.,University of Salerno |
Maffulli N.,Center for Sports and Exercise Medicine |
Oliva F.,University of Rome Tor Vergata |
Maffulli G.,Center for Sports and Exercise Medicine |
And 2 more authors.
International Orthopaedics | Year: 2014
Purpose: Open surgery for patellar tendinopathy allows patients with unilateral and bilateral tendinopathy to return to high levels of physical activity. Materials: Two groups of 23 athletes each underwent open surgical exploration for management of patellar tendinopathy. One group suffered from unilateral patellar tendinopathy (unilateral group), and the other group had bilateral (bilateral group) patellar tendinopathy. Maximum voluntary isometric contraction and anthropometric measures were assessed pre-operatively and at an average follow-up of seven years. The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment (VISA)-P scoring system was also administered; functional outcomes were classified from excellent to poor according to a modification of Kelly's criteria. Results: At the final follow-up, in both groups, VISA-P scores were significantly improved compared with preoperative values, with no intergroup differences. Clinical results were excellent or good in 21 patients in the unilateral and 19 in the bilateral group. Twenty of 23 patients in the unilateral group and 17 of 23 in the bilateral group were still active in sports (p = 0.2). In the unilateral group, at the last follow-up, thigh volume and strength were significantly improved compared with baseline, with significant difference between operated and nonoperated limbs. In the bilateral group, there were no significant differences in thigh volume and strength between the dominant and nondominant limbs both before and after the index procedure. Conclusions: This procedure is not technically demanding and provides a high rate of good and excellent outcomes in the long term. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.