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Forleo G.B.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | De Martino G.,Ospedale Pineta Grande | Mantica M.,SantAmbrogio Clinical Institute | Menardi E.,Santa Croce e Carle Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology | Year: 2013

Aims: Clinical trials have established that atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation improves symptoms in appropriately selected patients. Confirmation of these results by long-term prospective observational studies is needed. This registry was created to describe the experience of 16 Italian centers with a large cohort of AF patients treated with catheter ablation guided by the NavX 3D mapping system. Methods: From November 2006 to May 2008, 545 consecutive patients (age 60.4 ± 9.8, 67 % male) with paroxysmal (44 %), persistent (43 %), and long-standing persistent (13 %) AF referred for catheter ablation guided by the NavX system, were included in this registry. For this paper, follow-up was censored at 24 months; however, patients are being followed in the ongoing registry. Results: Before the ablation, 80 % of patients failed to respond to at least one antiarrhythmic drug aimed at rhythm control. Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation guided by a circular mapping catheter was performed in 70 % of patients whereas non potential-guided PV encircling was performed in 30 % of patients. In 67 % of patients, additional left atrial (LA) substrate modification was performed. Image integration was performed in 9.2 % of patients. Considering a 3-month blanking period, after a single-ablation procedure, the patients had 1- and 2-year freedom from AF recurrence of 67.4 and 57.0 % (36.1 % off antiarrhythmic drugs), respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that AF recurrences during blanking (HR 2.1), and previous AF ablation (HR 3.3) were independent predictors of AF recurrences. Major procedure-related complications occurred in 53 patients (9.7 %). In 35 patients (6.7 %), a repeat procedure was performed at a median of 5 months after the initial procedure. Conclusions: This prospective, multicenter clinical experience provides significant insights into current ablation care of patients with AF. Despite favorable outcomes, real-world complication rates appear higher than previously recognized. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Lim C.C.S.,Oxford Heart Center | Cuculi F.,Oxford Heart Center | Van Gaal W.J.,Northern Hospital | Van Gaal W.J.,University of Melbourne | And 11 more authors.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: Myocardial injury related to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is poorly characterized, and understanding the characteristic release of biomarkers associated with revascularization injury might provide novel therapeutic opportunities. This study characterized early changes in biomarkers after revascularization injury during on-pump CABG. Methods: This prospective study comprised 28 patients undergoing on-pump CABG and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) who underwent measurements of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase-MB, and inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, myeloperoxidase, interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor-α, matrix metalloproteinase 9a, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1a) at baseline, at 1, 6, 12, and 24 hours, and at 1 week (inflammatory markers only) post-CABG. Biomarker results at 1 hour were studied for a relationship to new myocardial infarction as defined by CMRI-LGE, and the diagnostic utility of combining positive biomarkers was assessed. Results: All patients had an uneventful recovery, but 9 showed a new myocardial infarction demonstrated by new areas of hyperenhancement on CMR. Peak cTnI at 24 hours (ρ = 0.66, p < 0.001) and CK-MB (ρ = 0.66, p < 0.001) correlated with the amount of new LGE. At 1 hour, 3 biomarkerscTnI, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor-αwere significantly elevated in patients with vs those without new LGE. Receiver operating curve analysis showed cTnI was the most accurate at detecting new LGE at 1 hour: a cutoff of cTnI exceeding 5 μg/L at 1 hour had 67% sensitivity and 79% specificity for detecting new LGE. Conclusions: Unexpected CABG-related myocardial injury occurs in a significant proportion of patients. A cTnI test at 1 hour after CABG could potentially differentiate patients with significant revascularization injury. © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Source

Lim C.C.S.,Oxford Heart Center | Lim C.C.S.,University of Melbourne | Van Gaal W.J.,Northern Hospital | Van Gaal W.J.,University of Melbourne | And 13 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2011

Objectives We aimed to assess the differential implications of creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) and troponin measurement with the universal definition of periprocedural injury after percutaneous coronary intervention. Background Differentiation between definitions of periprocedural necrosis and periprocedural infarction has practical, sociological, and research implications. Troponin is the recommended biomarker, but there has been debate about the recommended diagnostic thresholds. Methods Thirty-two patients undergoing multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in a prospective study had cardiac troponin I, CK-MB, and inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, myeloperoxidase, tumor necrosis factor alpha) measured at baseline, 1 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h after the procedure. Three "periprocedural injury" groups were defined with the universal definition: G1: no injury (biomarker <99th percentile); G2: periprocedural necrosis (1 to 3 × 99th percentile); G3: myocardial infarction (MI) type 4a (>3 × 99th percentile). Differences in inflammatory profiles were analyzed. Results With CK-MB there were 17, 10, and 5 patients in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Patients with CK-MBdefined MI type 4a closely approximated patients with new CMR-LGE injury. Groups defined with CK-MB showed progressively increasing percentage change in C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A, reflecting increasing inflammatory response (p < 0.05). Using cardiac troponin I resulted in 26 patients defined as MI type 4a, but only a small minority had evidence of abnormality on CMR-LGE, and only 3 patients were defined as necrosis. No differences in inflammatory response were evident when groups were defined with troponin. Conclusions Measuring CK-MB is more clinically relevant for diagnosing MI type 4a, when applying the universal definition. Current troponin thresholds are oversensitive with the arbitrary limit of 3 × 99th percentile failing to discriminate between periprocedural necrosis and MI type 4a. (Myocardial Injury following Coronary Artery bypass Surgery versus Angioplasty: a randomised controlled trial using biochemical markers and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging; ISRCTN25699844) © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

Marchetti A.,University of Chieti Pescara | Ardizzoni A.,University of Parma | Papotti M.,University of Turin | Crino L.,Perugia Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2013

INTRODUCTION: Recent clinical trials led to the approval of crizotinib (PF-02341066; Pfizer) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients whose tumors are positive for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) alterations. The European Medicines Agency accepted the regulatory submission of crizotinib for the treatment of these patients. Therefore, ALK gene testing has become mandatory to choose the most appropriate therapy. METHODS: To help physicians, involved in the management of NSCLC patients to be treated with ALK inhibitors in Italy, the Italian Association of Medical Oncology and the Italian Society of Pathology and Cytopathology identified a large panel of Italian medical oncologists and pathologists that outlined recommendations for ALK testing in NSCLC patients. RESULTS: The guidelines produced include specific information on the target patient population, the biological material for molecular analysis, a section dedicated to the histocytopathologic diagnosis of NSCLC, and the methods for the assessment of ALK alterations that are summarized in this article. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicopathologic recommendations were produced to guide the management of NSCLC patients who need to be tested for ALK rearrangements before treatment with ALK inhibitors. Copyright © 2013 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Source

Carmignani L.,University of Milan | Picozzi S.,University of Milan | Casellato S.,University of Milan | Bozzini G.,University of Milan | And 5 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2012

The aim of our study, beyond validating a method of collecting and storing biological samples from patients with prostate cancer, was to validate an innovative biopsy method for the creation of a biobank of prostatic frozen tissues. Patients referred to our hospital between November 2008 and March 2010 to undergo radical prostatectomy were invited to participate in the study. Each patient's data were stored in two databases (personal information and clinical database) while samples of urine, blood and its derivatives, fresh material and formalin-processed tissue were stored in a correlated biobank. The proposed method for collecting fresh material was to take samples of the neoplastic tissue by carrying out targeted biopsies in the area indicated by the biopsy mapping as the site of the malignancy, under manual palpation to identify the neoplastic nodule. The site of sampling was marked by an injection of India ink. 55 patients agreed to participate in the study. In 43 cases biopsies were correct, with a mean of 48% of core involved by tumour (range, 10-90%). Overall the tumour detection rate was 78.2%. The protocol for collecting biological material and the new method for collecting fresh tissue reduce internal steps and staff involved, thereby reducing all those variables that cause heterogeneity of material and changes in its quality. This process provides high quality, low cost material for research on prostate cancer. The features of the collection protocol mean that the protocol can also be used in non-academic centres with only limited research funds. © Arányi Lajos Foundation 2012. Source

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