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Higashikawa F.S.,Santa Catarina State Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Agency Epagri | Silva C.A.,Federal University of Lavras | Nunes C.A.,Federal University of Lavras | Bettiol W.,Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation Embrapa | Guerreiro M.C.,Federal University of Lavras
Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis | Year: 2016

Eucalyptus growth was evaluated in five compost-based substrates formulated with different proportions of sewage sludge, coffee husk, peat, chicken manure, cattle manure, pine bark, sawdust, and coconut fiber, compared to two commercial substrates (CS). Organic wastes compost-based substrates (OWS) and CS were characterized regarding the available contents of macro and micronutrients, sodium (Na+), pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and bulk density (BD). Substrate attributes and eucalyptus biomass production were submitted to principal component analysis (PCA) to detect patterns of clustering. The different proportions of organic wastes influenced the physico-chemical characteristics of OWS and, consequently, the eucalyptus biomass production. The highest biomass was observed in one of the CS that is rich in available boron (B) and calcium (Ca), less concentrated in most of the nutrients and with low EC and Na+ contents. The PCA allowed the verification that B availability was the attribute that explained most of the variation in eucalyptus biomass production. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Source


Uarrota V.G.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Moresco R.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Coelho B.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Nunes E.D.C.,Santa Catarina State Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Agency Epagri | And 4 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

Cassava roots are an important source of dietary and industrial carbohydrates and suffer markedly from postharvest physiological deterioration (PPD). This paper deals with metabolomics combined with chemometric tools for screening the chemical and enzymatic composition in several genotypes of cassava roots during PPD. Metabolome analyses showed increases in carotenoids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolics, reactive scavenging species, and enzymes (superoxide dismutase family, hydrogen peroxide, and catalase) until 3-5 days postharvest. PPD correlated negatively with phenolics and carotenoids and positively with anthocyanins and flavonoids. Chemometric tools such as principal component analysis, partial least squares discriminant analysis, and support vector machines discriminated well cassava samples and enabled a good prediction of samples. Hierarchical clustering analyses grouped samples according to their levels of PPD and chemical compositions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Uarrota V.G.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Moresco R.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Schmidt E.C.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Bouzon Z.L.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | And 5 more authors.
Data in Brief | Year: 2016

This data article is referred to the research article entitled The role of ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase, and polysaccharides in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) roots under postharvest physiological deterioration by Uarrota et al. (2015). Food Chemistry 197, Part A, 737-746. The stress duo to PPD of cassava roots leads to the formation of ROS which are extremely harmful and accelerates cassava spoiling. To prevent or alleviate injuries from ROS, plants have evolved antioxidant systems that include non-enzymatic and enzymatic defence systems such as ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase and polysaccharides. In this data article can be found a dataset called "newdata", in RData format, with 60 observations and 06 variables. The first 02 variables (Samples and Cultivars) and the last 04, spectrophotometric data of ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase, tocopherol, total proteins and arcsined data of cassava PPD scoring. For further interpretation and analysis in R software, a report is also provided. Means of all variables and standard deviations are also provided in the Supplementary tables ("data.long3.RData, data.long4.RData and meansEnzymes.RData"), raw data of PPD scoring without transformation (PPDmeans.RData) and days of storage (days.RData) are also provided for data analysis reproducibility in R software. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source


Uarrota V.G.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Moresco R.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Schmidt E.C.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Bouzon Z.L.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | And 5 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

This study aimed to investigate the role of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX), polysaccharides, and protein contents associated with the early events of postharvest physiological deterioration (PPD) in cassava roots. Increases in APX and GPX activity, as well as total protein contents occurred from 3 to 5 days of storage and were correlated with the delay of PPD. Cassava samples stained with Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) highlighted the presence of starch and cellulose. Degradation of starch granules during PPD was also detected. Slight metachromatic reaction with toluidine blue is indicative of increasing of acidic polysaccharides and may play an important role in PPD delay. Principal component analysis (PCA) classified samples according to their levels of enzymatic activity based on the decision tree model which showed GPX and total protein amounts to be correlated with PPD. The Oriental (ORI) cultivar was more susceptible to PPD. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Moresco R.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Uarrota V.G.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Pereira A.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Tomazzoli M.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | And 5 more authors.
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2015

Manihot esculenta roots rich in β-carotene are an important staple food for populations with risk of vitamin A deficiency. Cassava genotypes with high provitamin A activity have been identified as a strategy to reduce the prevalence of deficiency of this vitamin, In this study, the metabolomics characterization focusing on the carotenoid composition of ten cassava genotypes cultivated in southern Brazil by UV-visible scanning spectrophotometry and reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography was performed. The data set was used for the construction of a descriptive model by chemometric analysis. The genotypes of yellow roots were clustered by the higher concentrations of cis-β-carotene and lutein. Inversely, cream roots genotypes were grouped precisely due to their lower concentrations of these pigments, as samples rich in lycopene differed among the studied genotypes. The analytical approach (UV-Vis, HPLC, and chemometrics) used showed to be efficient for understanding the chemodiversity of cassava genotypes, allowing to classify them according to important features for human health and nutrition. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Source

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