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de Oliveira B.F.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Veloso C.A.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Nogueira-Machado J.A.,Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte | Chaves M.M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Current Aging Science | Year: 2012

Background: Oxidative stress represents an imbalance between the production and manifestation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or repair the resulting damage. Our objective was to verify the existence of an in vitro dual effect of alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and ascorbic acid in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) of healthy donors and the inflammatory capacity by IL-6 production. Methods: PBMNC were incubated with two concentrations of vitamin complex: [A] = Ascorbic Acid = 0.08μM, α-tocopherol = 0.04μM, β-carotene = 0.0008 μM and [20A] = Ascorbic Acid = 1.6μM, α-tocopherol = 0.82μM, β-carotene = 0.016μM. Oxidizing and reducing response were measured by chemiluminescence and MTT assays, respectively. IL-6 production was measured by sandwich ELISA. Results: Ours results demonstrated that PBMNC (from 20-39-year-old donors) incubated with vitamins activated free radical production only in [20A] concentration. However, in the age groups of 40-59 and 60-80 years old, there was a significant reduction and activation of the oxidizing response with both concentrations, respectively. The inflammatory profile showed an elevation of IL-6 production in pro-oxidant and a decrease in antioxidant conditions. Correlation between ROS production and IL-6 releasing was observed. Conclusions: With this experiment we concluded that vitamins can exert an antioxidant effect and a pro-oxidant effect according to their concentration, and could be an inductor of an inflammatory process in vitro generating severe complications to the body in cellular levels. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Sandrim V.C.,Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte | Montenegro M.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Palei A.C.T.,University of Campinas | Metzger I.F.,University of Sao Paulo | And 3 more authors.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine | Year: 2010

Contrasting with increased nitric oxide (NO) formation during healthy pregnancy, reduced NO bioavailability plays a role in preeclampsia. However, no study has examined whether increased NO consumption by enhanced circulating levels of cell-free hemoglobin plays a role in preeclampsia. We studied 82 pregnant women (38 healthy pregnant and 44 with preeclampsia). To assess NO bioavailability, we measured plasma and whole blood nitrite concentrations using an ozone-based chemiluminescence assay. Plasma ceruloplasmin concentrations and plasma NO consumption (pNOc) were assessed and plasma hemoglobin (pHb) concentrations were measured with a commercial immunoassay. We found lower whole blood and plasma nitrite concentrations in preeclamptic patients (-48 and -39%, respectively; both P<0.05) compared with healthy pregnant women. Plasma samples from preeclamptic women consumed 63% more NO (P=0.003) and had 53% higher pHb and 10% higher ceruloplasmin levels than those found in healthy pregnant women (P<0.01). We found significant positive correlations between pHb and pNOc (r=0.61; P<0.0001), negative correlations between pNOc and whole blood or plasma nitrite concentrations (P=0.02; r=-0.32 and P=. 0.01; r=. -0.34, respectively), and negative correlations between pHb and whole blood or plasma nitrite concentrations (P=0.03; r=-0.36 and P=0.01; r=-0.38, respectively). These findings suggest that increased pHb levels lead to increased NO consumption and lower NO bioavailability in preeclamptic compared with healthy pregnant women. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Dellaretti M.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Dellaretti M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Touzet G.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Reyns N.,Hospital Roger Salengro | And 4 more authors.
Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2012

Management of brainstem mass lesions remains a controversial issue, especially when the lesion cannot be excised and when infiltration occurs; moreover, the benefits of a stereotactic procedure are still under debate. In most studies, treatment decisions are based solely on MRI features and do not include a histopathological diagnosis. In the current study, we compared MRI characteristics with histopathological findings of intrinsic brainstem lesions and identified the characteristics associated with the diagnosis of pathologies other than diffuse glioma. From February 1988 through August 2007, 96 brainstem biopsies were performed at the Roger Salengro Hospital in Lille, France, on adult patients with intrinsic brainstem lesions not amenable to excision. Of the 96 patients, 42 were women and 54 were men, with a mean age of 41 years (range, 1875 years). Data analysis of the MRI findings revealed focal (P <. 05) and contrast enhancing lesions (P <. 05), and these lesions were significant factors associated with the diagnosis of pathologies other than diffuse glioma. Focal lesions were a significant factor associated with a diagnosis of nontumor lesions (P <. 05). In conclusion, the diagnostic effect of stereotactic biopsy on intrinsic brainstem lesions was greater in patients with focal or enhancing lesions shown by MRI, in whom the diagnosis of diffuse glioma was less frequent. © 2012 The Author(s). Source

Sabino K.R.,Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte
Journal of medicine and life | Year: 2011

Alcoholics are more likely to have infections, mainly in the respiratory system. Alcohol seems to inhibit the immune system. Despite the extensive literature related to alcoholism, data related to the immune system are still not conclusive. The purpose of this study was to verify the influence of acute alcohol intake on colloid distribution in the organs of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Thirteen male Swiss mice were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 5) - control, and Group 2 (n = 8) - animals that received 0.5 ml ethanol 50%, 30 minutes before the experiment. Colloidal sulphur labeled with 99mTc was used to evaluate colloid distribution in the liver, spleen and lungs. Colloid clearance was assessed as well. A gamma camera was used to measure the radioactivity of these organs and of a blood clot. No difference was found in the presence of colloid in the organs of both groups. The liver showed the highest phagocytic intake, followed by the spleen and lungs (p = 0.021 for Group 1 and p = 0.003 for Group 2). A minimum amount of radiation remained in the blood of both groups. According to the experiential conditions of this work, acute ingestion of alcohol did not interfere with the phagocytic function of the mononuclear phagocyte system in mice. Source

Objective: To evaluate 131I therapy in elderly patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) due to nodular disease and who did not receive antithyroid drugs (ATDs), and the effect of the treatment on bone metabolism. Subjects and methods: Thirty-six patients withTSH ≤ 0.1 mIU/L and non-voluminous goiter (< 60 cm3) were studied. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed in 17 women with osteopenia. Results: Mean 24-h 131I uptake was 17.5%. Symptoms of thyrotoxicosis were reported by two (5.5%) patients in the first week after therapy. One year after radioiodine treatment, SCH was resolved in 30 (83.3%) patients, and hypothyroidism was detected in one (2.7%). In the patients in whomTSH returned to normal, femoral and lumbar spine BMD increased by 1.9% and 1.6%, respectively, in average. Conclusions: In elderly patients with SCH and non-voluminous goiter, radioiodine not preceded by ATDs is a safe and effective therapeutic alternative. Resolution of SCH has beneficial effects on BMD in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. © ABE&Mtodososdireitosreservados. Source

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