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Amsterdam-Zuidoost, Netherlands

O'Neill A.S.G.,Kings College London | Van Den Berg T.K.,Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory | Mullen G.E.D.,Kings College London
Immunology | Year: 2013

Sialoadhesin (Sn, also known as Siglec-1 and CD169) is a macrophage-restricted cell surface receptor that is conserved across mammals. Sn is a member of the sialic acid-binding IgG-like lectin (Siglec) family of proteins characterized by affinity to specifically sialylated ligands, and under normal conditions is expressed on subsets of macrophages in secondary lymphoid tissues, such as lymph node and spleen. However, Sn-positive macrophages can also be found in a variety of pathological conditions, including (autoimmune) inflammatory infiltrates and tumours. Sn has been shown to contribute to sialylated pathogen uptake, antigen presentation and lymphocyte proliferation, and to influence both immunity and tolerance. This review presents Sn as a macrophage-specific marker of inflammation and immunoregulation with the potential to becoming an important biomarker for immunologically active macrophages and a target for therapy. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Grech G.,University of Malta | Von Lindern M.,Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory
Comparative and Functional Genomics | Year: 2012

Organisation of RNAs into functional subgroups that are translated in response to extrinsic and intrinsic factors underlines a relatively unexplored gene expression modulation that drives cell fate in the same manner as regulation of the transcriptome by transcription factors. Recent studies on the molecular mechanisms of inflammatory responses and haematological disorders indicate clearly that the regulation of mRNA translation at the level of translation initiation, mRNA stability, and protein isoform synthesis is implicated in the tight regulation of gene expression. This paper outlines how these posttranscriptional control mechanisms, including control at the level of translation initiation factors and the role of RNA binding proteins, affect hematopoiesis. The clinical relevance of these mechanisms in haematological disorders indicates clearly the potential therapeutic implications and the need of molecular tools that allow measurement at the level of translational control. Although the importance of miRNAs in translation control is well recognised and studied extensively, this paper will exclude detailed account of this level of control. Copyright © 2012 Godfrey Grech and Marieke von Lindern. Source

Sesarman A.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Vidarsson G.,Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory | Sitaru C.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences | Year: 2010

Therapy approaches based on lowering levels of pathogenic autoantibodies represent rational, effective, and safe treatment modalities of autoimmune diseases. The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) is a major factor regulating the serum levels of IgG antibodies. While FcRn-mediated halflife extension is beneficial for IgG antibody responses against pathogens, it also prolongs the serum half-life of IgG autoantibodies and thus promotes tissue damage in autoimmune diseases. In the present review article, we examine current evidence on the relevance of FcRn in maintaining high autoantibody levels and discuss FcRntargeted therapeutic approaches. Further investigation of the FcRn-IgG interaction will not only provide mechanistic insights into the receptor function, but should also greatly facilitate the design of therapeutics combining optimal pharmacokinetic properties with the appropriate antibody effector functions in autoimmune diseases. © Springer Basel AG 2010. Source

Van Lier R.A.W.,Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory
Immunology Letters | Year: 2014

Studies on antiviral immunity in man are hampered by the impossibility to standardize the infection as is done in experimental animal studies. An exception is the occurrence of cytomegalovirus infection transmitted by a donor organ into a transplant-recipient, where the time-point of infection is exactly known. Moreover, its strong interaction with the human immune system during evolution and the strong immunogenic properties of this persistent virus, as well as the need for intervention e.g. by vaccine development, all make studies towards the immune response against just this virus very attractive and relevant. In this work, we will present an overview of the studies on this topic that were performed in the departments of Experimental and Clinical Immunology in the AMC and Sanquin in Amsterdam. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

De Bruin A.M.,Academical Medical Center | Libregts S.F.,Academical Medical Center | Libregts S.F.,Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory | Valkhof M.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Steady-state hematopoiesis is altered on infection, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms driving these changes are largely unknown. Modulation of hematopoiesis is essential to increase the output of the appropriate type of effector cell required to combat the invading pathogen. In the present study, we demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory cytokine IFNγ is involved in orchestrating inflammation-induced myelopoiesis. Using both mouse models and in vitro assays, we show that IFNγ induces the differentiation of monocytes over neutrophils at the level of myeloid progenitors. Infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus induces monopoiesis in wild-type mice, but causes increased neutrophil production in IFNγ -/- mice. We demonstrate that IFNγ enhances the expression of the monopoiesis-inducing transcription factors IRF8 and PU.1 in myeloid progenitor cells, whereas it reduces G-CSF-driven neutrophil differentiation via a SOCS3- dependent inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation. These results establish a critical role for IFNγ in directing monocyte versus neutrophil development during immune activation. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

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