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Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Yi C.,Yale University | Mu L.,Yale University | De La Rigault Longrais I.A.,University of Turin | Sochirca O.,University of Turin | And 5 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2010

Mounting evidence suggests that neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (NPAS2) and other circadian genes are involved in tumorigenesis and tumor growth, possibly through their control of cancer-related biologic pathways. A missense polymorphism in NPAS2 (Ala394Thr) has been shown to be associated with risk of human tumors including breast cancer. The current study further examined the prognostic significance of NPAS2 in breast cancer by genotyping the Ala394Thr polymorphism and measuring NPAS2 expression. DNA extracted from 348 breast cancer tissue samples was analyzed for NPAS2 genotype using the TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. Of these, 287 also had total RNA available for use in real-time PCR assays to determine NPAS2 expression. NPAS2 genotypes and expression levels were analyzed for associations with prognostic outcomes, as well as correlations with clinical characteristics. A high level of NPAS2 expression was strongly associated with improved disease free survival (AHR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.21-0.86, P trend = 0.022) and overall survival (AHR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.19-0.96, P trend = 0.036). In addition, there was a borderline, but nonsignificant association between the NPAS2 genotype corresponding to Thr394Thr and disease free survival (AHR = 1.82, 95% CI: 0.96-3.46). The Ala/Ala, Ala/Thr, and Thr/Thr genotypes were also differentially distributed by tumor severity, as measured by TNM classification (χ2 (6df, /V = 344) = 14.96, P = 0.020). These findings provide the first evidence suggesting prognostic significance of the circadian gene NPAS2 in breast cancer. Source

Boriani G.,University of Bologna | Gasparini M.,Istituto Clinico Humanitas | Landolina M.,Fondazione Policlinico S. Matteo IRCCS | Lunati M.,Niguarda Hospital | And 7 more authors.
PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology | Year: 2012

Background: We assessed the influence of clinically significant mitral regurgitation (MR) on clinical-echocardiographic response and outcome in heart failure (HF) patients treated with a biventricular defibrillator (cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator [CRT-D]). Methods and Results: A total of 659 HF patients underwent successful implantation of CRT-D and were enrolled in a multicenter prospective registry (median follow-up of 15 months). Following baseline echocardiographic evaluation, patients were stratified into two groups according to the severity of MR: 232 patients with more than mild MR (Group MR+: grade 2, 3, and 4 MR) versus 427 patients with mild (grade 1) or no functional MR (Group MR-). On 6- and 12-month echocardiographic evaluation, MR was seen to have improved in the vast majority of MR+ patients, while it remained unchanged in most MR- patients. On 12-month follow-up evaluation, a comparable response to CRT was observed in the two groups, in terms of the extent of left ventricular reverse remodeling and combined clinical and echocardiographic response. During long-term follow-up, event-free survival did not differ between MR+ and MR- patients, even when subpopulations of patients with ischemic heart disease and with dilated cardiomyopathy were analyzed separately. On multivariate analysis, the only independent predictor of death from any cause was the lack of β-blocker use. Conclusions: This observational analysis supports the use of CRT-D in HF patients with clinically significant MR; MR had no major influence on patient outcome. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Ziacchi M.,University of Bologna | Saporito D.,Infermi Hospital | Zardini M.,University of Parma | Luzi M.,Ospedali Riuniti | And 6 more authors.
PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology | Year: 2016

Background To understand the impact of a quadripolar left ventricular (LV) lead on reverse remodeling and phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) in congestive heart failure patients treated by cardiac resynchronization therapy at 8-month follow-up (FU). Methods One hundred and fifty-eight patients received an LV Medtronic Performa lead (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) and were reevaluated at FU by echocardiography and measurement of electrical parameters. Results A targeted LV lead placement was achieved in 140 (89%) patients. Super responders and responders were 76 (50%) and 26 (18%), respectively, at FU; seven (4%) died and 13 (8%) were hospitalized for any cause. Nonischemic etiology was the only independent predictor of reverse remodeling. The configurations available only with the Performa leads reduced PNS occurrence at 8 V@0.4 ms from 43 (27%) to 14 (9%) of patients at implantation, and from 44 (28%) to 19 (12%) at last FU, compared to configurations available with bipolar leads. Patients with detectable PNS had >10/16 pacing configurations with a PNS safety margin >2 V both at implantation and at FU. During FU 16 (10%) patients had an adverse event possibly related to the lead or to modification of the underlying heart disease but 99% of these events were fixed by reprogramming of the pacing vector. Conclusions Performa Lead enables an increased capability to achieve a targeted lead positioning in the broad clinical scenario of large- and small-volume implanting centers, with a relevant impact on the occurrence of reverse remodeling compared to literature data. The enhanced management of PNS resulted in a dislodgement rate of only 1%. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Calciolari G.,SAnna Hospital | Montirosso R.,IRCCS E. Medea
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2011

The importance of sleep in the development is only now beginning to be understood: sleep and established sleep cycles have an important role in the normal neurosensory and cortex development. The biological basis of sleep organization has been highlighted by several studies however environmental differences can affect the sleep patterns in preterm infants in the NICU. Sleep desorders are related to several physiological conditions but it is important to know the relationship between sleep organization and neurocognitive and socio-emotional outcomes. From the recent literature it is possible to find out potentially better practices that preserve and promote infant sleep in the NICU. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

De Simone C.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Amerio P.,University of Chieti Pescara | Amoruso G.,University of Catanzaro | Bardazzi F.,University of Bologna | And 12 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy | Year: 2013

Introduction: Immunogenicity of antitumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) agents has been proven to play a significant role in the variability of clinical responses among patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. However, its clinical impact on the outcome of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis receiving anti-TNFα treatment is not yet fully clear. Despite the high rates of efficacy of anti-TNFα agents in psoriasis, a substantial proportion of patients remain who experience a primary or secondary failure or significant side effects, which are potentially ascribable to immunogenicity. Areas covered: Topics include immunologic response elicited by anti-TNFα agents, the impact of immunogenicity on treatment response to anti-TNFα and the role played by immunogenicity in the lack of efficacy of anti-TNFα agents (infliximab, adalimumab and etanercept) in psoriasis. Expert opinion: Based on data available in the literature and the clinical experience of the authors, this article suggests the optimal approach to drug monitoring and antidrug antibody assay and the most effective use of biologic immunotherapies in this setting. Immunogenicity should be taken into account in the adoption of therapeutic choices in psoriatic patients, such as anti-TNFα agent intensification, or switching to another anti-TNFα agent or a drug with a different mechanism of action. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

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