Time filter

Source Type

Stuttgart Mühlhausen, Germany

Ruttkay T.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH
Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery

ABSTRACT: A 23-year-old woman with a history of arterial hypertension presented to our institution complaining of dyspnea and chest pain. Her workup including echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed an aneurysm of the left atrial appendage. No thrombus was identified in the aneurysm or left atrial appendage, and the patient was in sinus rhythm. She was started on prophylactic anticoagulation, and surgical resection of the aneurysm was recommended as a definitive treatment of this lesion. The surgery was performed using a minimally invasive left-sided thoracoscopy approach. The entire left atrial appendage including the aneurysm was removed at its base using an articulating endoscopic stapler device. On postoperative echocardiography, no residual left atrial appendage tissue was evident. The patient could be taken off oral anticoagulation and left the hospital in good condition. ©2015 by the International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery. Source

Ramanan S.,Bordeaux Heart University Hospital | Doll N.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Boethig D.,Hannover Medical School | Tafer N.,Bordeaux Heart University Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Background We used the Medtronic Freestyle valve (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) as an orthotopic conduit in pulmonary valve replacement in repaired tetralogy of Fallot and as part of the Ross procedure. Midterm outcomes and hemodynamic status of this conduit were analyzed and performances in both subgroups were compared. Methods From February 2002 to July 2012, 115 Freestyle valves were implanted in 52 patients with tetralogy of Fallot and 63 patients within the Ross procedure. Preoperative and perioperative data were reviewed retrospectively in this bicentric study. Results Mean age at valve surgery was 37 ± 13 years. Median implanted valve size was 27 mm (21 to 29). Early postoperative mortality was 3.48%. There was 100% follow-up for the survivors at a mean of 4.38 ± 2.52 years. There was 1 case of thromboembolism (0.89%), 6 endocarditis (5.4%), and 9 (7.8%) conduit re-interventions. Echocardiography at discharge and last follow-up showed average peak systolic transvalvular gradients of 12.4 ± 5.1 and 18.7 ± 8.8 mm Hg, respectively. Ten patients had significant proximal anastomotic gradients of greater than 50 mm Hg and 4 moderate conduit regurgitations. Survival was 96.52%. No valve degeneration was seen in 87.82% at 5 years. The only risk factor identified for valve re-intervention was conduit implantation without infundibular hood (p = 0.01 in multivariate analysis). Conclusions Mid-term data show that Freestyle valves are well suited for pulmonary valve replacement in adults in both categories. The surgical technique used in valve implantation is important to ensure conduit durability. These results and accessibility to the Freestyle valve make this an acceptable alternative to homografts. © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Source

Weimar T.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Gaynor S.L.,AtriCure | Seubert D.Y.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Damiano R.J.,University of Washington | Doll N.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH
Annals of Thoracic Surgery

The need to perform an additional atriotomy is a major concern that keeps many surgeons from performing an extended left atrial lesion set in patients with atrial fibrillation during procedures such as aortic valve replacement. This does result either in a suboptimal lesion set or even in ignoring the rhythm disorder, leaving the patient exposed to an increased risk of stroke and possible hemodynamic compromises. This report describes a technique how pulmonary vein isolation, an isolation of the posterior left atrial wall and an anterior mitral annular line, which substitutes for the mitral isthmus line in order to prevent perimitral atrial flutter, can be performed during aortic valve replacement without the need for an atriotomy. This technique allows for an optimal time management by minimizing additional cardiopulmonary bypass–time and cross-clamp-time; however, its equivalent efficacy in successfully treating atrial fibrillation compared to the left atrial Maze IV ablation pattern needs to be revealed in future trials. © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Source

Weimar T.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Charitos E.I.,University of Lubeck | Liebrich M.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Roser D.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Background The enthusiasm about the advantages of a viable autologous transplant faded with recent reports of autograft deterioration and associated reoperations after the Ross procedure. This report evaluates predictors for autograft failure and outcomes extending into the second decade after a Ross procedure. Methods From 1995 through 2012, 645 consecutive patients (mean age, 42.3 ± 14.2 years; 76% males) underwent a Ross operation using mainly the root replacement technique (98%). They were prospectively followed up with clinical and echocardiographic evaluations. Total follow-up was 5,349 patient-years and was 96% complete. Mean follow-up duration was 8.4 ± 4.6 years (range, 0 to 17.4 years). Results Early mortality was 0.9% (n = 6). Cumulative survival at 15 years was 92.7% (95% confidence interval, 90.1% to 95.3%) and did not differ from the general German population (p = 0.261). Freedom from reoperation on the autograft or the pulmonary allograft at 12 years was 91.6% (95% confidence interval, 88.5% to 94.9%) and 95.0% (95% confidence interval, 92.8% to 97.2%), respectively. Sixty-five patients (10.1%) required a total of 78 valve-related reoperations after a Ross procedure (1.5%/patient-year) with a reoperative hospital mortality of 3.8% (n = 3). Forty-seven autograft reoperations were observed in 44 patients (0.87%/patient-year); 22 of them (47%) could be performed as a valve-sparing procedure. Preoperative aortic valve regurgitation and an aortic annulus of at least 26 mm were identified as predictors for autograft failure. Conclusions In this large series, the Ross procedure resulted in excellent long-term survival rates with a low risk of valve-related morbidity and a considerably low rate of reoperations in young and middle-aged patients and should be considered as an important treatment option in this cohort. © 2014 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Source

Ruttkay T.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Ruttkay T.,Semmelweis University | Czesla M.,Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH | Nagy H.,Semmelweis University | And 5 more authors.
Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon

Background An increasing number of experimental beating heart animal studies describe simple transapical mitral valve repairs based on the direct endoscopic visualization of the left ventricle. The aim of our human cadaveric study was to develop a method for more complex transapical endoscopic procedures by on-pump heart operations. Materials and Methods After preparation of 20 human fresh cadavers, a standard left anterolateral minithoracotomy was performed in the fifth intercostal space and the pericardium was entered. A rigid 0 degree endoscope and the instruments were introduced through a silicon apical port. To restore the natural form of the left heart, CO2 was insufflated. To test the mitral valve competence, the left ventricle was pressure-injected with saline after each step. After transecting the chords of the A2 segment of the anterior mitral leaflet before the experimental mitral valve repair, the tendinous chord was replaced using an especially designed clip chord. The second part of the experiment consisted of a segmental excision of the P2 segment of the posterior mitral leaflet followed by a standard valvuloplasty and suture annuloplasty. Results With the help of the described transapical endoscopic mitral valve repair technique, we gained direct visual information of the coaptation line of the mitral leaflets as well as the anatomy and function of the subvalvular apparatus. Using intracardiac imaging, we could perform successful transapical complex mitral repair in each case. Conclusion The minimally invasive transapical endoscopic method has the potential to offer advantages for on-pump mitral valve repair procedures even in complex mitral valve repair cases. © 2015 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York. Source

Discover hidden collaborations