Culiacan, Mexico

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Acien P.,San Miguel University | Ruiz E.,San Miguel University | Acien M.,San Miguel University | Alcaraz L.A.,BioArray
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases | Year: 2010

Background: Hereditary renal adysplasia is an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance and variable expression that is usually associated with malformative combinations (including Müllerian anomalies) affecting different mesodermal organs such as the heart, lung, and urogenital system. Case report. A case showing pulmonary hypoplasia, hip dysplasia, hereditary renal adysplasia, and Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome in adulthood is reported here. The i.v. pyelography showed right renal agenesis with a normal left kidney and ureter. Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging also showed right renal agenesis with multicystic embryonary remnants in the right hemipelvis probably corresponding to a dysgenetic kidney. An uretrocystoscopy showed absence of ectopic ureter and of the right hemitrigone. She was scheduled for a diagnostic laparoscopy and creation of a neovagina according to the McIndoe technique with a prosthesis and skin graft. Laparoscopy confirmed the absence of the uterus. On both sides, an elongated, solid, rudimentary uterine horn could be observed. Both ovaries were also elongated, located high in both abdominal flanks and somewhat dysgenetics. A conventional cytogenetic study revealed a normal female karyotype 46, XX at a level of 550 GTG bands. A CGH analysis was performed using a 244K oligoarray CGH detecting 11 copy number variants described as normal variants in the databases. The 17q12 and 22q11.21 microdeletions described in other MRKH patients were not present in this case. Four years after operation her evolution is normal, without symptoms and the neovagina is adequately functional. The geneticists have studied her family history and the pedigree of the family is shown. Conclusions. We suggest that primary damage to the mesoderm (paraaxil, intermediate, and lateral) caused by mutations in a yet unidentified gene is responsible for: 1) skeletal dysplasia, 2) inappropriate interactions between the bronchial mesoderm and endodermal lung bud as well as between the blastema metanephric and ureteric bud, and eventually 3) Müllerian anomalies (peritoneal mesothelium) at the same level. These anomalies would be transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity. © 2010 Acién et al.


Acin P.,University Hospital of San Juan | Acin P.,San Miguel University | Bataller A.,University Hospital of San Juan | Fernndez F.,University Hospital of San Juan | And 4 more authors.
Human Reproduction | Year: 2012

Background To raise awareness about the accessory and cavitated uterine masses (ACUM) with functional endometrium as a different entity from adult adenomyosis and to highlight the importance of a correct diagnosis, we studied four new cases of ACUM and 15 cases reported as juvenile cystic adenomyoma (JCA) by reviewing the literature from the last year. This entity is problematic because of a broad differential diagnosis, including rudimentary and cavitated uterine horns; and is generally underdiagnosed, being more frequent than previously thought.Methods We report four cases of young women who underwent surgery in our hospital from January to July 2011 after presenting with an ACUM. We also reviewed and tabulated the cases from literature beginning in 2010. Main outcome measures were diagnostic tools, surgical and histopathological findings and improvement of symptoms. Results The addition of the four cases reported here to the 15 published as JCA raises the total number of cases of ACUMs to 19, which is more than all of the cases reported prior to 2010. In our cases, it is interesting to highlight that one of them also had an adjacent accessory rudimentary tube and another had two ACUMs at the same location. All patients suffered from severe dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain and were young women. Suspicion, transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance image were found to be the best diagnostic tools. Most of the cases were treated by laparoscopic tumorectomy. Conclusions ACUMs are generally underdiagnosed and often reported as JCAs but they are not adenomyosis. Early surgical treatment involving the laparoscopic or laparotomic removal of the mass could prevent the usual prolonged suffering of these young women. In our opinion, this entity is a new variety of Mllerian anomaly. © 2012 The Author.


Adams C.J.,Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences | Miller H.,Sektion Geologie | Acenolaza F.G.,San Miguel University | Toselli A.J.,San Miguel University | Griffin W.L.,Macquarie University
Gondwana Research | Year: 2011

U-Pb detrital zircon ages are reported from Puncoviscana Formation (late Neoproterozoic-Early Cambrian) and Mesón Group (Late Cambrian) greywackes of northwest Argentina, to constrain provenance and depositional environment. The new data are combined with previously-published detrital zircon ages, to show that Puncoviscana Formation age patterns contain two broad groups: late Mesoproterozoic-early Neoproterozoic (1150-850. Ma) and late Neoproterozoic-Early Cambrian (650-520. Ma); with their relative proportions varying inversely with youngest component age. The 1150-850. Ma age components are dominant in greywackes with oldest late Neoproterozoic components > 600. Ma. The former diminish considerably when late Neoproteozoic components become dominant and younger, to 520. Ma. A northernmost greywacke sample from Purmamarca, Jujuy, is distinctive: whilst its zircon age pattern partly resembles other Puncoviscana Formation samples, it contains no Cambrian-late Neoproterozoic ages, the youngest ages being early Neoproterozoic. This may reflect an early, Neoproterozoic, passive-margin depocentre for the Formation, or an older (early Neoproterozoic) succession within it, which may predate the Brasiliano orogeny in Brazil. The youngest age components, c. 520. Ma, in a greywacke from Rancagua (Cachi, Salta province), dominate an almost unimodal pattern suggestive of contemporary volcanic sources at a late Early Cambrian depocentre. Detrital zircon age patterns of the Mesón Group (Lizoite Formation) have major Cambrian-latest Neoproterozoic components resembling those of the Puncoviscana Formation, but its Mesoproterozoic component is diminished, and there are no significant age components of this age. Small youngest components at c. 500. Ma suggest a maximum Late Cambrian stratigraphic age. The Puncoviscana Formation detrital zircon patterns suggest a provenance in a continental hinterland having a stabilised, extensive late Mesoproterozoic orogen (with minor Paleoproterozoic and Archean precursors), and a more variable late Neoproterozoic orogen containing an evolving sequence of less extensive subcomponents. A direct relationship with the Brazilian Shield is suggested; with sediment supplies originating within active-margin orogens of the interior and collisional orogens at the suture between African and South American cratons, but ultimate deposition in passive-margin environments of western Gondwanaland. © 2010 International Association for Gondwana Research.


Baker P.A.,Duke University | Baker P.A.,San Miguel University | Fritz S.C.,University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2015

This selective review of the Quaternary paleoclimate of the South American summer monsoon (SASM) domain presents viewpoints regarding a range of key issues in the field, many of which are unresolved and some of which are controversial. (1) El Niño-Southern Oscillation variability, while the most important global-scale mode of interannual climate variation, is insufficient to explain most of the variation of tropical South American climate observed in both the instrumental and the paleoclimate records. (2) Significant climate variation in tropical South America occurs on seasonal to orbital (i.e. multi-millennial) time scales as a result of sea-surface temperature (SST) variation and ocean-atmosphere interactions of the tropical Atlantic. (3) Decadal-scale climate variability, linked with this tropical Atlantic variability, has been a persistent characteristic of climate in tropical South America for at least the past half millennium, and likely, far beyond. (4) Centennial-to-millennial climate events in tropical South America were of longer duration and, perhaps, larger amplitude than any observed in the instrumental period, which is little more than a century long in tropical South America. These were superimposed upon both precession-paced insolation changes that caused significant variation in SASM precipitation and eccentricity-paced global glacial boundary conditions that caused significant changes in the tropical South American moisture balance. As a result, river sediment and water discharge increased and decreased across tropical South America, lake levels rose and fell, paleolakes arose and disappeared on the Altiplano, glaciers waxed and waned in the tropical Andes, and the tropical rainforest underwent significant changes in composition and extent.To further evaluate climate forcing over the last glacial cycle (~125ka), we developed a climate forcing model that combines summer insolation forcing and a proxy for North Atlantic SST forcing to reconstruct long-term precipitation variation in the SASM domain. The success of this model reinforces our confidence in assigning causation to observed reconstructions of precipitation. In addition, we propose a critical correction for speleothem stable oxygen isotopic ratios, which are among the most significant of paleoclimate proxies in tropical South America for reconstruction of variation of paleo-precipitation (or SASM intensity). However, it is already well known that any particular δ18O value observed in speleothem carbonate is affected by two processes that have nothing to do with changes in precipitation amount-the influence of temperature on carbonate-water isotopic fractionation in the cave and the influence of changing δ18O of seawater. Quantitatively accounting for both "artifacts" can significantly alter the interpretations of speleothem records. In tropical South America, both adjustments act in the same direction and have the tendency to increase the true amplitude of the paleo-hydrologic signal (but by different amounts in glacial and inter-glacial stages). These corrections have even graver implications for the interpretation of tropical Northern Hemisphere speleothem records (e.g. Chinese speleothems) where the combined adjustments tend to decrease or even eliminate the "true" signal amplitude. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Acien P.,University of Alicante | Acien P.,San Miguel University | Acien M.,University of Alicante | Acien M.,San Miguel University
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica | Year: 2010

Objectives. To analyze the gynecological pathologies and extragenital anomalies associated with unilateral renal agenesis (URA) and the possible origin of these congenital anomalies. Design. Retrospective casecontrol study. Setting. University Hospital. Population. This study included 276 women with genitourinary malformations who had undergone hysterosalpingography (and/or laparoscopy) and pyelography with images available for review. Methods. There were 60 cases of women diagnosed with genital malformations and congenital URA and 216 control cases of women with genital tract malformations and both kidneys present. All cases were categorized according to an embryologicalclinical classification and the type of Mllerian malformation (American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) classification) and then compared by type for the presence of gynecological and extragenital pathologies. Main outcome measures. Genital malformations, endometriosis, leiomyomas and skeletal anomalies. Results. URA was generally associated with either agenesis of all of the derivatives of the urogenital ridge on the same side of the body, which were usually found on the left, or distal mesonephric anomalies such as a double uterus with a blind hemivagina or unilateral cervico-vaginal atresia, which were most frequently on the right. The uterine malformations that were most commonly seen in women with renal agenesis were bicornis-bicollis, didelphys and unicornuate uteri. Women with bicornuate or didelphys uteri and renal agenesis had more gynecological pathologies, such as endometriosis, than those with both kidneys present. Conclusions. URA and major uterine malformations are frequently related, and individuals with bicornuate or didelphys uteri have endometriosis more often than those without renal agenesis. Those malformations that seem to be caused by the absence or anomaly of a mesonephric duct lead to renal agenesis, ipsilateral vaginal anomalies (blind or atretic hemivagina) and failure of the induction function of the Wolffian ducts on the Mllerian ducts, causing uterine malformations. © 2010 Informa Healthcare.


Izrailev F.M.,Autonomous University of Puebla | Makarov N.M.,San Miguel University | Torres-Herrera E.J.,Autonomous University of Puebla
Physica B: Condensed Matter | Year: 2010

The localization length has been derived for one-dimensional bi-layered structures with random perturbations in the refractive indices for each type of layers. Main attention is paid to the comparison between conventional materials and those consisting of mixed right-hand and left-hand materials. It is shown that the localization length is described by the universal expression for both cases. The analytical results are confirmed by numerical simulations. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Nieto M.A.,San Miguel University
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology | Year: 2011

The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) converts epithelial cells into migratory and invasive cells and is a fundamental event in morphogenesis. Although its relevance in the progression of cancer and organ fibrosis had been debated until recently, the EMT is now established as an important step in the metastatic cascade of epithelial tumors. The similarities between pathological and developmental EMTs validate the embryo as the best model to understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in this process, identifying those that are hijacked during the progression of cancer and organ degeneration. Our ever-increasing understanding of how transcription factors regulate the EMT has revealed complex regulatory loops coupled to posttranscriptional and epigenetic regulatory programs. The EMT is now integrated into the systemic activities of whole organisms, establishing links with cell survival, stemness, inflammation, and immunity. In addition, the EMT now constitutes a promising target for the treatment of cancer and organ-degenerative diseases. © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.


Juarez M.D.,San Miguel University | Osawa C.C.,National Institute of Industrial Property INPI | Acuna M.E.,San Miguel University | Samman N.,San Miguel University | Goncalves L.A.G.,University of Campinas
Food Control | Year: 2011

This paper aims to study discontinuous deep frying of potatoes, milanesas (breaded bovine Semimembranosus muscle) and churros (flour, water, milk, lemon and salt) in soybean oil, sunflower oil and partially hydrogenated fats, monitored by conventional and unconventional methods. With the exception of partially hydrogenated fat after 80.5 h of deep-frying churros, all the oils exceeded 25% of total polar compounds (TPC) and the content of polymeric and dimerized triacylglycerols were higher than 10%, prevailing thermal alterations. For none of the samples the percentage of free fatty acids exceeded 2% of oleic acid. The losses of tocopherols during frying reached 76.0%. Little significant alterations occurred in the fatty acids composition, iodine index calculated, saponification index and formation of trans isomers after frying. The rapid tests used to determine TPC, malondialdehyde and alkenals have proved to be viable alternatives to monitor the quality of frying oils. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Tchatalbachev S.,Justus Liebig University | Ghai R.,Justus Liebig University | Ghai R.,San Miguel University | Hossain H.,Justus Liebig University | Chakraborty T.,Justus Liebig University
BMC Microbiology | Year: 2010

Background. We infected freshly isolated human peripheral monocytes with live bacteria of three clinically important gram-positive bacterial species, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Listeria monocytogenes and studied the ensuing early transcriptional response using expression microarrays. Thus the observed response was unbiased by signals originating from other helper and effector cells of the host and was not limited to induction by solitary bacterial constituents. Results. Activation of monocytes was demonstrated by the upregulation of chemokine rather than interleukin genes except for the prominent expression of interleukin 23, marking it as the early lead cytokine. This activation was accompanied by cytoskeleton rearrangement signals and a general anti-oxidative stress and anti-apoptotic reaction. Remarkably, the expression profiles also provide evidence that monocytes participate in the regulation of angiogenesis and endothelial function in response to these pathogens. Conclusion. Regardless of the invasion properties and survival mechanisms of the pathogens used, we found that the early response comprised of a consistent and common response. The common response was hallmarked by the upregulation of interleukin 23, a rather unexpected finding regarding Listeria infection, as this cytokine has been linked primarily to the control of extracellular bacterial dissemination. © 2010 Tchatalbachev et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Martynyuk A.E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Martinez-Lopez A.G.,San Miguel University | Rodriguez-Cuevas J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico
Electronics Letters | Year: 2010

An electronically-reconfigurable spiraphase-type element based on a ring slot resonator is analysed. It is demonstrated with numerical simulation and experimental measurements that optimal transformation of the switch impedances is possible in this element. As a result, low loss of 0.38dB is obtained for the one-bit element at the frequency of 11.55GHz. © 2010 The Institution of Engineering and Technology.

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