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Ogino K.,Tottori University | Kato M.,Tottori University | Furuse Y.,Tottori University | Kinugasa Y.,Tottori University | And 8 more authors.
Circulation: Heart Failure | Year: 2010

Background-Hyperuricemia is common in chronic heart failure (CHF), and it is a strong independent marker of prognosis. Upregulated xanthine oxidase (XO) activity and impaired renal excretion have been shown to account for increased serum uric acid (UA) levels in CHF. Therapeutic interventions with allopurinol to reduce UA levels by XO inhibition have been shown to be beneficial. Discussions are ongoing whether UA itself is actively involved or it is a mere marker of upregulated XO activity within CHF pathophysiology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the effect of lowering UA by uricosuric treatment without XO inhibition on hemodynamic and metabolic characteristics of CHF. Impaired renal excretion of UA was taken into account. Methods and Results-Serum UA (SUA), urinary UA (uUA) excretion, and renal clearance test for UA (Cl UA) were measured in 82 patients with CHF. SUA was significantly increased compared with controls of similar age (control, 5.45 ±0.70 mg/dL; New York Heart Association I, 6.48±1.70 mg/dL; New York Heart Association II, 7.34±1.94 mg/dL; New York Heart Association III, 7.61 ±2.11 mg/dL; P<0.01). Patients with CHF showed lower uUA excretion and ClUA. On multivariate analysis, insulin, brain natriuretic peptide (P<0.01), and creatinine levels (P=0.05) showed independent correlation with SUA. The treatment effect of the uricosuric agent benzbromarone was tested in 14 patients with CHF with hyperuricemia in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study design. Benzbromarone significantly decreased SUA (P<0.01). Brain natriuretic peptide, left ventricular ejection fraction, and dimensions in echocardiographic assessment did not change after benzbromarone therapy. In contrast, fasting insulin (placebo, 18.8±8.9 μU/mL; benzbromarone, 11.0±6.2 μU/mL; P<0.05), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (placebo, 5.4±2.6; benzbromarone, 3.0±1.7; P<0.05), and tumor necrosis factor-α (placebo, 2.59±0.63 pg/mL; benzbromarone, 2.14±0.51 pg/mL; P<0.05) improved after benzbromarone, and the changes in tumor necrosis factor-a levels were correlated with reduction of SUA (P<0.05). Conclusions-These results show that UA lowering without XO inhibition may not have an effect on hemodynamic impairment in CHF pathophysiology. To the extent that these data are correct, this finding suggests that upregulated XO activity rather than UA itself is actively involved in hemodynamic impairment in CHF. Clinical Trial Registration-clinical trials.gov. Identifier: NCT00422318. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.

Kodani M.,Tottori University | Yata S.,Tottori University | Ohuchi Y.,Tottori University | Ihaya T.,San in Rosai Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2016

Purpose To retrospectively evaluate the safety and risk of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for urgent acute arterial bleeding control in the lower gastrointestinal tract by angiography and colonoscopy. Materials and Methods NBCA TAE was performed in 16 patients (mean age, 63.7 y) with lower gastrointestinal bleeding (diverticular hemorrhage, tumor bleeding, and intestinal tuberculosis). Angiographic evaluation was performed by counting the vasa recta filled with casts of NBCA and ethiodized oil (Lipiodol) after TAE. Patients were classified as follows: group Ia, with a single vas rectum with embolization of 1 branch (n = 6); group Ib, with a single vas rectum with embolization of ≥ 2 branches (n = 8); group II, with embolization of multiple vasa recta (n = 2). All patients underwent colonoscopy within 1 month, and ischemic complications (ulcer, scar, mucosal swelling, fibrinopurulent debris, and necrosis) were evaluated. Results The procedure was successful in all patients. No ischemic change was observed in any patients in group Ia and in two patients in group Ib. Ischemic changes were observed in six group Ib patients and both group II patients. Group Ib patients experienced ischemic complications that improved without treatment. One patient in group II underwent resection for intestinal perforation after embolization of three vasa recta. One patient in group II with sigmoid stricture with embolization of six vasa recta required prolonged hospitalization. Conclusions NBCA embolization of ≥ 3 vasa recta can induce ischemic bowel damage requiring treatment. NBCA TAE of one vas rectum with ≥ 2 branches could also induce ischemic complications. However, these were silent and self-limited. © 2016 SIR.

Hamashima C.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Shabana M.,San in Rosai Hospital | Okamoto M.,Tottori University | Osaki Y.,Tottori University | Kishimoto T.,Tottori University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Aims Interval cancer is a key factor that influences the effectiveness of a cancer screening program. To evaluate the impact of interval cancer on the effectiveness of endoscopic screening, the survival rates of patients with interval cancer were analyzed. Methods We performed gastric cancer-specific and all-causes survival analyses of patients with screen-detected cancer and patients with interval cancer in the endoscopic screening group and radiographic screening group using the Kaplan-Meier method. Since the screening interval was 1 year, interval cancer was defined as gastric cancer detected within 1 year after a negative result. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate the risk factors associated with gastric cancer-specific and all-causes death. Results A total of 1,493 gastric cancer patients (endoscopic screening group: n = 347; radiographic screening group: n = 166; outpatient group: n = 980) were identified from the Tottori Cancer Registry from 2001 to 2008. The gastric cancer-specific survival rates were higher in the endoscopic screening group than in the radiographic screening group and the outpatients group. In the endoscopic screening group, the gastric cancer-specific survival rate of the patients with screen-detected cancer and the patients with interval cancer were nearly equal (P = 0.869). In the radiographic screening group, the gastric cancer-specific survival rate of the patients with screen-detected cancer was higher than that of the patients with interval cancer (P = 0.009). For gastric cancer-specific death, the hazard ratio of interval cancer in the endoscopic screening group was 0.216 for gastric cancer death (95%CI: 0.054-0.868) compared with the outpatient group. Conclusion The survival rate and the risk of gastric cancer death among the patients with screen-detected cancer and patients with interval cancer were not significantly different in the annual endoscopic screening. These results suggest the potential of endoscopic screening in reducing mortality from gastric cancer. © 2015 Hamashima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Watanabe M.,Tottori University | Noma H.,The Institute of Statistical Mathematics of Tokyo | Kurai J.,Tottori University | Kato K.,San in Rosai Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Allergology International | Year: 2016

Background An important aspect of sand dust emissions in association with respiratory disorders is the quantity of particulate matter. This is usually expressed as particulate matter less than 10 μm (PM10) and 2.5 μm (PM2.5). However, the composition of PM10 and PM2.5 varies. Light detection and ranging is used to monitor sand dust particles originating in East Asian deserts and distinguish them from air pollution aerosols. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the daily levels of sand dust particles and pulmonary function in schoolchildren in western Japan. Methods In this panel study, the peak expiratory flow (PEF) of 399 schoolchildren was measured daily from April to May 2012. A linear mixed model was used to estimate the association of PEF with the daily levels of sand dust particles, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and PM2.5. Results There was no association between the daily level of sand dust particles and air pollution aerosols, while both sand dust particles and air pollution aerosols had a significant association with SPM and PM2.5. An increment of 0.018 km-1 in sand dust particles was significantly associated with a decrease in PEF (-3.62 L/min; 95% confidence interval, -4.66 to -2.59). An increase of 14.0 μg/m3 in SPM and 10.7 μg/m3 in PM2.5 led to a significant decrease of -2.16 L/min (-2.88 to -1.43) and -2.58 L/min (-3.59 to -1.57), respectively, in PEF. Conclusions These results suggest that exposure to sand dust emission may relate to pulmonary dysfunction in children in East Asia. © 2015, Japanese Society of Allergology. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

Vertebral radiograph is very useful to assess the vertebral body fracture and the severity of deformity due to fracture. To decrease the severity of vertebral body fracture deformity, treatment should be started as soon as possible after diagnosis. We can diagnose the early stage of vertebral body fracture to get the special findings on radiographs. Furthermore, the process of fracture healing could be monitored by X-ray radiograph of vertebrae. Vertebral radiograph could be the best method for assessing and monitoring the vertebral body fracture, especially for clinical use.

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