San in Rosai Hospital

Yonago, Japan

San in Rosai Hospital

Yonago, Japan
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Ogino K.,Tottori University | Kato M.,Tottori University | Furuse Y.,Tottori University | Kinugasa Y.,Tottori University | And 8 more authors.
Circulation: Heart Failure | Year: 2010

Background-Hyperuricemia is common in chronic heart failure (CHF), and it is a strong independent marker of prognosis. Upregulated xanthine oxidase (XO) activity and impaired renal excretion have been shown to account for increased serum uric acid (UA) levels in CHF. Therapeutic interventions with allopurinol to reduce UA levels by XO inhibition have been shown to be beneficial. Discussions are ongoing whether UA itself is actively involved or it is a mere marker of upregulated XO activity within CHF pathophysiology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the effect of lowering UA by uricosuric treatment without XO inhibition on hemodynamic and metabolic characteristics of CHF. Impaired renal excretion of UA was taken into account. Methods and Results-Serum UA (SUA), urinary UA (uUA) excretion, and renal clearance test for UA (Cl UA) were measured in 82 patients with CHF. SUA was significantly increased compared with controls of similar age (control, 5.45 ±0.70 mg/dL; New York Heart Association I, 6.48±1.70 mg/dL; New York Heart Association II, 7.34±1.94 mg/dL; New York Heart Association III, 7.61 ±2.11 mg/dL; P<0.01). Patients with CHF showed lower uUA excretion and ClUA. On multivariate analysis, insulin, brain natriuretic peptide (P<0.01), and creatinine levels (P=0.05) showed independent correlation with SUA. The treatment effect of the uricosuric agent benzbromarone was tested in 14 patients with CHF with hyperuricemia in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study design. Benzbromarone significantly decreased SUA (P<0.01). Brain natriuretic peptide, left ventricular ejection fraction, and dimensions in echocardiographic assessment did not change after benzbromarone therapy. In contrast, fasting insulin (placebo, 18.8±8.9 μU/mL; benzbromarone, 11.0±6.2 μU/mL; P<0.05), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (placebo, 5.4±2.6; benzbromarone, 3.0±1.7; P<0.05), and tumor necrosis factor-α (placebo, 2.59±0.63 pg/mL; benzbromarone, 2.14±0.51 pg/mL; P<0.05) improved after benzbromarone, and the changes in tumor necrosis factor-a levels were correlated with reduction of SUA (P<0.05). Conclusions-These results show that UA lowering without XO inhibition may not have an effect on hemodynamic impairment in CHF pathophysiology. To the extent that these data are correct, this finding suggests that upregulated XO activity rather than UA itself is actively involved in hemodynamic impairment in CHF. Clinical Trial Registration-clinical trials.gov. Identifier: NCT00422318. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.


PubMed | Okayama University of Science, National Hospital Organization, Showa University, San in Rosai Hospital and 12 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of the neurological sciences | Year: 2016

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) share common clinical, genetic and neuropathological features. Some ALS patients have behavioral/personality changes, which could result in significant obstacles in the care provided by family members and caregivers. An easy screening tool would contribute greatly to the evaluation of these symptoms. We translated the ALS-FTD-Questionnaire, developed in the Netherlands, into Japanese (ALS-FTD-Q-J) and examined the clinimetric properties (internal consistency, construct and clinical validity). Patients with ALS and/or behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD) were evaluated alongside healthy controls in this multicenter study. All ALS patients, regardless of bvFTD status, were further evaluated by the frontal behavioral inventory (FBI) and for frontal/executive function, cognition, anxiety/depression, and motor functions. Data from 146 subjects were analyzed: ALS (92), ALS-bvFTD (6), bvFTD (16), and healthy controls (32). The internal consistency of the ALS-FTD-Q-J was good (Cronbach =0.92). The ALS-FTD-Q-J showed construct validity as it exhibited a high correlation with the FBI (r=0.79). However, correlations were moderate with anxiety/depression and low with cognitive scales, in contrast to the original report, i.e. a moderate correlation with cognition and a low correlation with anxiety/depression. The ALS-FTD-Q-J discriminated ALS patients from (ALS-)bvFTD patients and controls. Thus, the ALS-FTD-Q-J is useful for evaluating Japanese ALS/FTD patients.


Hamashima C.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Shabana M.,San in Rosai Hospital | Okamoto M.,Tottori University | Osaki Y.,Tottori University | Kishimoto T.,Tottori University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Aims Interval cancer is a key factor that influences the effectiveness of a cancer screening program. To evaluate the impact of interval cancer on the effectiveness of endoscopic screening, the survival rates of patients with interval cancer were analyzed. Methods We performed gastric cancer-specific and all-causes survival analyses of patients with screen-detected cancer and patients with interval cancer in the endoscopic screening group and radiographic screening group using the Kaplan-Meier method. Since the screening interval was 1 year, interval cancer was defined as gastric cancer detected within 1 year after a negative result. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate the risk factors associated with gastric cancer-specific and all-causes death. Results A total of 1,493 gastric cancer patients (endoscopic screening group: n = 347; radiographic screening group: n = 166; outpatient group: n = 980) were identified from the Tottori Cancer Registry from 2001 to 2008. The gastric cancer-specific survival rates were higher in the endoscopic screening group than in the radiographic screening group and the outpatients group. In the endoscopic screening group, the gastric cancer-specific survival rate of the patients with screen-detected cancer and the patients with interval cancer were nearly equal (P = 0.869). In the radiographic screening group, the gastric cancer-specific survival rate of the patients with screen-detected cancer was higher than that of the patients with interval cancer (P = 0.009). For gastric cancer-specific death, the hazard ratio of interval cancer in the endoscopic screening group was 0.216 for gastric cancer death (95%CI: 0.054-0.868) compared with the outpatient group. Conclusion The survival rate and the risk of gastric cancer death among the patients with screen-detected cancer and patients with interval cancer were not significantly different in the annual endoscopic screening. These results suggest the potential of endoscopic screening in reducing mortality from gastric cancer. © 2015 Hamashima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Hamashima C.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Okamoto M.,Tottori University | Shabana M.,San In Rosai Hospital | Osaki Y.,Tottori University | Kishimoto T.,Tottori University
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Although radiographic screening for gastric cancer has been conducted in Japan, it is anticipated that endoscopy will become a new screening method because of its high detection rate. The sensitivities of endoscopic and radiographic screening were calculated by the detection method and the incidence method based on the results of community-based screening in Japan. There were 56,676 screenings for gastric cancer using endoscopy and radiography from April 2002 to March 2007 in Yonago, Japan. The target age group was from 40 to 79 years. Screen-detected and interval cancers were investigated based on a screening database linked to the Tottori Cancer Registry. All gastric cancers diagnosed within 1 year after a negative screen were considered interval cancers. Based on the screening history, these were divided into prevalence screening and incidence screening. Prevalence screenings included 7,388 for endoscopic screening and 5,410 for radiographic screening, whereas incidence screenings included 18,021 for endoscopic screening and 11,417 for radiographic screening. The sensitivity of prevalence screening calculated by the incidence method was 0.886 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.698-0.976) for endoscopic screening and 0.831 (95% CI = 0.586-0.964) for radiographic screening; however, the difference was not significant (p = 0.626). The sensitivity of incidence screening calculated by the incidence method was 0.954 (95% CI = 0.842-0.994) for endoscopic screening and 0.855 (95% CI = 0.637-0.970) for radiographic screening (p = 0.177). Endoscopic screening for gastric cancer had a higher sensitivity than radiographic screening by the incidence method in both screening rounds. However, further study is needed to evaluate mortality reduction and to estimate overdiagnosis with endoscopic screening for gastric cancer. What's new? Radiographic screening is currently the main method for gastric cancer screening in Japan, but endoscopy is expected to become widely adopted due to its high detection rate. This study compares the sensitivity of radiographic and endoscopic screening using the incidence method based on the results of community-based screenings in Japan. The findings suggest that endoscopic screening for gastric cancer had a higher sensitivity than radiographic screening in both the screenings. However, further study is needed to evaluate mortality reduction and investigate the magnitude of overdiagnosis in endoscopic screening for gastric cancer. Copyright © 2013 UICC.


PubMed | Osaka Minami Hospital, San in Rosai Hospital and Tottori University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR | Year: 2016

To retrospectively evaluate the safety and risk of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for urgent acute arterial bleeding control in the lower gastrointestinal tract by angiography and colonoscopy.NBCA TAE was performed in 16 patients (mean age, 63.7 y) with lower gastrointestinal bleeding (diverticular hemorrhage, tumor bleeding, and intestinal tuberculosis). Angiographic evaluation was performed by counting the vasa recta filled with casts of NBCA and ethiodized oil (Lipiodol) after TAE. Patients were classified as follows: group Ia, with a single vas rectum with embolization of 1 branch (n = 6); group Ib, with a single vas rectum with embolization of 2 branches (n = 8); group II, with embolization of multiple vasa recta (n = 2). All patients underwent colonoscopy within 1 month, and ischemic complications (ulcer, scar, mucosal swelling, fibrinopurulent debris, and necrosis) were evaluated.The procedure was successful in all patients. No ischemic change was observed in any patients in group Ia and in two patients in group Ib. Ischemic changes were observed in six group Ib patients and both group II patients. Group Ib patients experienced ischemic complications that improved without treatment. One patient in group II underwent resection for intestinal perforation after embolization of three vasa recta. One patient in group II with sigmoid stricture with embolization of six vasa recta required prolonged hospitalization.NBCA embolization of 3 vasa recta can induce ischemic bowel damage requiring treatment. NBCA TAE of one vas rectum with 2 branches could also induce ischemic complications. However, these were silent and self-limited.


Hamashima C.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Ogoshi K.,Niigata Cancer Center Hospital | Okamoto M.,Tottori University | Shabana M.,San in Rosai Hospital | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Aims: Although the incidence of gastric cancer has decreased in the last 3 decades, it remains the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In Asian countries, the burden of gastric cancer has remained, and cancer screening is normally expected to reduce gastric cancer death. We conducted a community-based, case-control study to evaluate the reduction of mortality from gastric cancer by endoscopic screening. Methods: Case subjects were defined as individuals who had died of gastric cancer between 2003 and 2006 in 4 cities in Tottori Prefecture, and between 2006 and 2010 in Niigata City, Japan. Up to 6 control subjects were matched by sex, birth year (±3 years), and the residence of each corresponding case subject from the population lists in the study areas. Control subjects were required to be disease-free at the time when the corresponding case subjects were diagnosed as having gastric cancer. The odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for those who had participated in endoscopic or radiographic screening before the reference date when the case subjects were diagnosed as having gastric cancer, compared with subjects who had never participated in any screening. Conditional logistic-regression models for matched sets were used to estimate the ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The case subjects consisted of 288 men and 122 women for case subjects, with 2,292 matched control subjects. Compared with those who had never been screened before the date of diagnosis of gastric cancer in the case subjects, the ORs within 36 months from the date of diagnosis were 0.695 (95% CI: 0.489-0.986) for endoscopic screening and 0.865 (95% CI: 0.631-1.185) for radiographic screening. Conclusions: The results suggest a 30% reduction in gastric cancer mortality by endoscopic screening compared with no screening within 36 months before the date of diagnosis of gastric cancer. © 2013 Hamashima et al.


PubMed | Red Cross, Matsue City Hospital, Saihaku Hospital, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics of Tokyo and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease | Year: 2016

Asian dust (AD) exposure exacerbates pulmonary dysfunction in patients with asthma. Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome (ACOS), characterized by coexisting symptoms of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is considered a separate disease entity. Previously, we investigated the effects of AD on pulmonary function in adult patients with asthma. Here, we present the findings of our further research on the differences in the effects of AD exposure on pulmonary function between patients with asthma alone and those with ACOS.Between March and May 2012, we conducted a panel study wherein we monitored daily peak expiratory flow (PEF) values in 231 adult patients with asthma. These patients were divided into 190 patients with asthma alone and 41 patients with ACOS in this study. Daily AD particle levels were measured using light detection and ranging systems. Two heavy AD days (April 23 and 24) were determined according to the Japan Meteorological Agency definition. A linear mixed model was used to estimate the association between PEF and AD exposure.Increments in the interquartile range of AD particles (0.018 km(-1)) led to PEF changes of -0.50 L/min (95% confidence interval, -0.98 to -0.02) in patients with asthma alone and -0.11 L/min (-0.11 to 0.85) in patients with ACOS. The PEF changes after exposure to heavy AD were -2.21 L/min (-4.28 to -0.15) in patients with asthma alone and -2.76 L/min (-6.86 to 1.35) in patients with ACOS. In patients with asthma alone, the highest decrease in PEF values was observed on the heavy AD day, with a subsequent gradual increase over time.Our results suggest that the effects of AD exposure on pulmonary function differ between patients with asthma alone and ACOS, with the former exhibiting a greater likelihood of decreased pulmonary function after AD exposure.


Yata S.,Tottori University | Ihaya T.,San in Rosai Hospital | Kaminou T.,Tottori University | Hashimoto M.,Tottori Prefectural Kosei Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2013

Purpose: To assess the clinical utility and safety of transcatheter arterial embolization with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for urgent control of acute arterial bleeding in the upper and lower gastrointestinaltract. Materials and Methods: Therapeutic NBCA embolization was performed in 37 patients (39 cases; mean age, 67.8 years) with acute upper (n = 16) or lower (n = 23) gastrointestinal tract bleeding after endoscopic management had failed. Transcatheter arterial embolization was performed using 1:1 to 1:5 mixtures of NBCA and iodized oil. The most common etiologies of bleeding were colonic diverticulosis (n = 13), malignancy (n = 11), and benign ulcer (n = 7). Coagulopathy was present in 11 patients, and 23 patients were hemodynamically unstable before NBCA embolization. Histologic examination for bowel ischemia was also performed in five patients who underwent excision of the lesion after NBCA embolization. Results: The technical success rate was 100%. Recurrent bleeding occurred in two patients. Complete hemostasis was achieved in all 11 patients with coagulopathy. Ulcers induced by transcatheter arterial embolization were noted in 6 of 20 patients who underwent endoscopic examination; the ulcers were successfully treated with conservative measures. Histologic examination revealed that despite inflammatory reactions in and around the vessels, no intestinal necrosis secondary to NBCA embolization was found. Hepatic abscess occurred in two cases, and ischemia of the lower limb occurred in one case; these complications were managed by percutaneous drainage and bypass surgery. Conclusions: Transcatheter arterial embolization with NBCA is a good treatment option with a high rate of complete hemostasis and a low recurrent bleeding rate, even in patients with coagulopathy. © 2013 SIR.


Vertebral radiograph is very useful to assess the vertebral body fracture and the severity of deformity due to fracture. To decrease the severity of vertebral body fracture deformity, treatment should be started as soon as possible after diagnosis. We can diagnose the early stage of vertebral body fracture to get the special findings on radiographs. Furthermore, the process of fracture healing could be monitored by X-ray radiograph of vertebrae. Vertebral radiograph could be the best method for assessing and monitoring the vertebral body fracture, especially for clinical use.


Yamamoto S.,Tottori University | Kaminou T.,Tottori University | Ono Y.,Tottori University | Hashimoto M.,Tottori Prefectural Kosei Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Skeletal Radiology | Year: 2014

Objective: To evaluate the heat effects of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) on normal bone by mechanical testing, MRI, and histology. Materials and methods: The institutional animal care and use committee approved the animal study. Thirty-two adult Japanese white rabbits were included in our study. Bone biopsy needles were inserted from the distal end of the right (RFA side) and the left (control side) femurs using a fluoroscopic guide. A 17-gauge internally cooled RFA electrode with a 2-cm active tip was inserted through the needle to the right femur, and RFA was performed for 12 min using a 200-W generator. Animals were divided into four groups and 8 animals from each group were euthanized on day 1, day 7, day 30, and day 60 after RFA. MRI was performed prior to euthanasia. Three-point bending test was performed to measure flexural strength. Student's t test was used to evaluate for significant differences between RFA and control side for each group. Femurs underwent histological examination by hematoxylin and eosin staining after the bending test. Results: MRI showed a high-intensity rim around the bone on T2WI. Three-point bending test showed no statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) between the RFA and the control side in any of the groups. Histologically, osteocytes of cortical bone showed cell death, but the lamellar structure was preserved in all groups and bone remodeling was observed. Conclusion: Heat by RFA did not change normal bone strength within 2 months, despite the heat effects in the cortical bone and cell death. © 2014 ISS.

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