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Ammassari A.,INMI | Cicconi P.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | Ladisa N.,University of Bari | Di Sora F.,Hospital San Giovanni Addolorata | And 6 more authors.
HIV Medicine | Year: 2013

Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate whether HIV diagnosis affected reproductive planning over time and to assess independent predictors of abortion overall and following HIV diagnosis. Methods: Donne con Infezione da HIV (DIDI) is an Italian multicentre study based on a questionnaire survey carried out in 585 HIV-positive women between November 2010 and February 2011. The incidence and predictors of abortion were measured by person-years analysis and Poisson regression. Results: The crude incidence rate of abortion was 18.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 16.5-21.4] per 1000 person-years of follow-up (PYFU). Compared with women who terminated their pregnancy before HIV diagnosis, women who terminated their pregnancy after HIV diagnosis but before 1990 showed a 2.56-fold (95% CI 1.41-4.65) higher risk. During 1990-1999 and 2000-2010, HIV diagnosis was not significantly associated with outcome [adjusted rate ratio (ARR) 0.93 (95% CI 0.55-1.59) and ARR 0.69 (95% CI 0.32-1.48), respectively]. Age [ARR 0.96 (95% CI 0.94-0.99) per 1 year older] and injecting drug use [ARR 1.38 (95% CI 0.98-1.94)] were found to be predictors of abortion overall. After HIV diagnosis, being on combination antiretroviral therapy [ARR 0.54 (95% CI 0.28-1.02)], monthly income<€800 [ARR 1.76 (95% CI 0.99-3.12)], younger age [ARR 0.95 (95% CI 0.91-1.00) per 1 year older] and fear of vertical transmission [ARR 1.95 (95% CI 1.04-3.67)] were found to be independently associated with abortion. Conclusions: We observed a higher incidence of abortion compared with data available for the general Italian population. Awareness of HIV diagnosis was predictive of abortion only in the 1980s. Women with HIV infection are still worried about vertical HIV transmission. Interventions promoting HIV screening among women who plan to have an abortion and informative counselling on motherhood planning in the setting of HIV care are needed. © 2012 British HIV Association.

Voso M.T.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Niscola P.,S. Eugenio Hospital | Piciocchi A.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Fianchi L.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | And 16 more authors.
European Journal of Haematology | Year: 2016

Objective: Azacitidine is the standard of care for higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We evaluated factors affecting the outcome of azacitidine treatment in 196 'real-world' patients, retrospectively collected by two Italian cooperative groups. Methods: The study included 184 MDS and 12 low blast count acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Azacitidine was administered at the standard dose of 75 mg/m2/d for 7 d (SD) in 163 patients and 100 mg/d for 5-7 d in 33 patients. Results: After a median of 4.5 azacitidine cycles (range 7-15 cycles), 182 patients were evaluable for response. Nineteen percent achieved complete remission (CR), 17% partial remission (PR), and 21% hematological improvement (HI). The disease was stable or progressive in 29% and 14% of patients, respectively. The probability of response was significantly higher in patients who received the 75 mg/m2/7 d compared with 100 mg through 5-7 d dose (CR/PR/HI: 63 vs. 29%, P = 0.0005). Median overall survival was 17.1 months. Low MDS-CI and achievement of CR/PR/HI were significant predictors of survival in the multivariable analysis. Conclusions: Our data show that maximal azacitidine efficacy is associated with the standard dose and with prolonged treatment, beyond 4-6 cycles, with the goal of also improving the 'quality' of response. Lower MDS-CI and IPSS-R scores, hematologic response and disease stability, are associated with longer survival. The risk of febrile events is highest during the first treatment cycles and is associated with active disease. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Lucarelli P.,Hospital Madonna delle Grazie | Picchio M.,Hospital Paolo Colombo | Caporossi M.,Hospital San Sebastiano | De Angelis F.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 3 more authors.
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England | Year: 2013

INTRODUCTION The present study aimed to compare the long-term results of transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialisation (THD) with mucopexy and stapler haemorrhoidopexy (SH) in treatment of grade III and IV haemorrhoids. METHODS One hundred and twenty-four patients with grade III and IV haemorrhoids were randomised to receive THD with mucopexy (n=63) or SH (n=61). A telephone interview with a structured questionnaire was performed at a median follow-up of 42 months. The primary outcome was the occurrence of recurrent prolapse. Patients, investigators and those assessing the outcomes were blinded to group assignment. RESULTS Recurrence was present in 21 patients (16.9%). It occurred in 16 (25.4%) in the THD group and 5 (8.2%) in the SH group (p=0.021). A second surgical procedure was performed in eight patients (6.4%). Reoperation was open haemorrhoidectomy in seven cases and SH in one case. Five patients out of six in the THD group and both patients in the SH group requiring repeat surgery presented with grade IV haemorrhoids. No significant difference was found between the two groups with respect to symptom control. Patient satisfaction for the procedure was 73.0% after THD and 85.2% after SH (p=0.705). Postoperative pain, return to normal activities and complications were similar. CONCLUSIONS The recurrence rate after THD with mucopexy is significantly higher than after SH at long-term follow-up although results are similar with respect to symptom control and patient satisfaction. A definite risk of repeat surgery is present when both procedures are performed, especially for grade IV haemorrhoids.

Pellegrini G.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Rama P.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute | Matuska S.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute | Lambiase A.,Biomedical University of Rome | And 22 more authors.
Regenerative Medicine | Year: 2013

Aim: Limbal cultures restore the corneal epithelium in patients with ocular burns. We investigated the biological parameters instrumental for their clinical success. Methods: We report a long-term multicenter prospective study on 152 patients carrying corneal destruction due to severe ocular burns, treated with autologous limbal cells cultured on fibrin and clinical-grade 3T3-J2 feeder cells. Clinical results were statistically evaluated both by parametric and nonparametric methods. Results: Clinical outcomes were scored as full success, partial success and failure in 66.05, 19.14 and 14.81% of eyes, respectively. The total number of clonogenic cells, colony size, growth rate and presence of conjunctival cells could not predict clinical results. Instead, the clinical data provided conclusive evidence that graft quality and likelihood of a successful outcome rely on an accurate evaluation of the number of stem cells detected before transplantation as holoclones expressing high levels of the p63 transcription factor. No adverse effects related to the feeder layer have been observed and the regenerated epithelium was completely devoid of any 3T3-J2 contamination. Conclusion: Cultures of limbal stem cells can be safely used to successfully treat massive destruction of the human cornea. We emphasize the importance of a discipline for defining the suitability and the quality of cultured epithelial grafts, which are relevant to the future clinical use of any cultured cell type. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd.

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