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San Filippo del Mela, Italy

Santini L.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Forleo G.B.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Santini M.,San Filippo Neri Hospital
PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology | Year: 2013

The worldwide use of both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and pacing devices has vastly increased in recent years and an important number of implanted patients likely will need an MRI over the course of the lifetime of their device. Although some studies have demonstrated that, given appropriate precautions, MRI can be safely performed in patients with selected implantable pacemakers, MRI in pacemaker patients is still contraindicated. Recently, new pacing systems have been specifically designed for safe use in the MRI environment and the first experience reported suggests that the technology is safe and may allow patients to undergo MRI. This review will describe the outstanding issues and controversies surrounding the safety of MRI imaging in pacemaker patients and the potential benefits of the new MRI-conditional technology. We will also discuss how to approach the decision whether or not an MRI-conditional system should be implanted and highlight key issues that warrant further studies. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Toccoa M.P.,Thoracic Surgery Unit | Ballardini M.,Microbiology Unit | Masala M.,Infectious Disease Unit | Perozzi A.,San Filippo Neri Hospital
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate alternative strategies to the sternal resection in the treatment of post-sternotomy osteomyelitis. We report our experience in the treatment of chronic infection of median sternotomy following open heart surgery without sternal resection. METHODS: A 4-year retrospective study was performed, consisting of 70 patients affected by post-sternotomy sternocutaneous fistulas due to chronic osteomyelitis: 45 patients underwent only medical treatment and 25 underwent steel wire removal and surgical debridement (conservative surgery). Of the 25, 7 patients underwent an additional vacuum assisted closure (VAC) therapy due to widespread infected subcutaneous tissue. The diagnosis of osteomyelitis was supported via 3D CT scan images. RESULTS: Complete wound healing was achieved in 67 patients including a patient who achieved healing after being affected by a fistula for over 24 years before coming under our observation, another, affected by mycobacteria other than tuberculosis osteomyelitis, who needed antimicrobial treatment for a period of 30 months and 2 who were affected by Aspergillus infection and needed radical cartilage removal. Fistula relapses were observed in 6 patients of the total 70, possibly due to the too short-term antibiotic therapy used in the presence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) with multiple resistances and in the presence of Corynebacterium species. CONCLUSIONS: Post-sternotomy chronic osteomyelitis can be successfully treated mainly by systemic antimicrobial therapy alone, without mandatory surgical treatments, provided that accurate microbiological and radiological studies are performed. The presence of CoNS and Corynebacterium species seemed to be associated with a need for a prolonged combined antimicrobial therapy with a minimum of 6 months up to a maximum of 18 months. The CT scan and the 3D reconstruction of the sternum proved to be a good method to evaluate the status of the sternum and support the treatments. The VAC therapy was not useful in treating osteomyelitis, although, if used appropriately in the postoperative deep sternal wound infection with the sponge fitted between the sternal edges, it seems to be an effective method to eradicate the infection in the sternum and to prevent chronic osteomyelitis. © The Author 2012.Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. Source

Leto L.,University of Turin | Aspromonte N.,San Filippo Neri Hospital | Feola M.,Heart Failure Unit
Heart Failure Reviews | Year: 2014

Intravenous loop diuretics are widely used to treat the symptoms and signs of fluid overload in acute heart failure (AHF). Although diuretic therapy is widely used and strongly recommended by most recent clinical guidelines, prospective studies and randomized clinical trials are lacking and so reliable evidence is missing about the best therapy in terms of doses and methods of administration. In addition, clinical efficacy and safety outcomes are often affected by the presence of contrasting evidence. The efficacy of loop diuretics is impaired by diuretic resistance characterized by a decreased diuretic and natriuretic effect. This review focuses on the current management of AHF with diuretic therapy. Continuous diuretic infusion seems to be a good choice, from a pharmacokinetic point of view, when fluid overload is refractory to conventional therapy. Some available evidence comparing bolus injection to continuous infusion of loop diuretics proved the latter to be an effective and safe method of administration. Continuous infusion seems to produce a constant plasmatic concentration of drug with a more uniform daily diuretic and natriuretic effect and a greater safety profile (fewer adverse events such as worsening renal failure, electrolyte imbalances, ototoxicity). The analyses of the published studies did not provide conclusive data about the effects on clinical outcomes (mortality, rate of hospital readmissions, length of hospital stay and adverse events). Furthermore, recent studies focus their attention on alternative strategies of fluid removal, such as vasopressin antagonists, adenosine antagonists and ultrafiltration but available data are often inconclusive. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Di Scipio E.,Neurophysiopathology Unit | Mastronardi L.,San Filippo Neri Hospital
Neurosurgical Review | Year: 2015

Continuous monitoring of wave V of auditory brainstem response (ABR), also called brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP), is the most common method used in intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) functionality of cochlear nerve during surgery in cerebellopontine angle (CPA). CE-Chirp® ABR represents a recent development of classical ABR. CE-Chirp® is a new acoustic stimulus used in newborn hearing testing, designed to provide enhanced neural synchronicity and faster detection of larger amplitude wave V. In four cases, CE-Chirp® ABR was performed during cerebellopontine angle (CPA) surgery. CE-Chirp® ABR represented a safe and effective method in neuromonitoring functionality of vestibulocochlear nerve. A faster neuromonitoring feedback to surgical equipe was possible with CE-Chirp ABR®. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Varma N.,Cleveland Clinic | Ricci R.P.,San Filippo Neri Hospital
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology | Year: 2015

Impact of RM on Clinical Outcomes Follow-up of patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices is challenging due to both their increasing volume and technical complexity coupled to increasing clinical complexity of recipient patients. Remote monitoring (RM) offers an opportunity to resolve some of these difficulties by improving clinic efficiencies and providing a mechanism for device monitoring and patient management. Several recent randomized clinical trials and registries have demonstrated that RM may reduce in-hospital visit numbers, time required for patient follow-up, physician and nurse time, and hospital and social costs. Furthermore, patient retention and adherence to follow-up schedule are significantly improved by RM. Continuous wireless monitoring of data stored in the device memory with automatic alerts allows early detection of device malfunctions and of events, such as atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias, and heart failure suitable for clinical intervention. Early reaction may improve patient outcome. RM is easy to use and patients showed a high level of acceptance and satisfaction. Implementing RM in daily practice may require changes in clinic workflow. New organizational models promote significant efficiencies regarding physician and nursing time. Data management techniques are under development. Despite these demonstrable advantages of RM, adoption still remains modest, even in health care systems incentivized to use this follow-up method. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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