Domingo P.,Hospital Of La Santa Creu I Sant Pau |
Estrada V.,Hospital Clinic San Carlos |
Lopez-Aldeguer J.,Hospital Universitario La Paz |
Villaroya F.,University of Barcelona |
Martinez E.,Hospital Clinic Universitari
AIDS Reviews | Year: 2012
More than 15 years after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome still shadows the indisputable efficacy of antiretroviral therapy. Several issues related to this complication (prevalence, diagnosis, pathogenesis, prevention, or clinical management) have not been completely clarified. However, in the last years, substantial progress has been made in elucidating some of these basic aspects. This includes a better knowledge of the pathogenic mechanisms underlying HIV/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome such as genetic host determinants, the impact of HIV infection per se, as well as the contribution of antiretroviral therapy. In regard to treatment, we have learned that certain drugs are especially prone to cause HIV/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (i.e. thymidine analogues). Pharmacological interventions to treat this condition have yielded mostly disappointing results, and the only intervention which offers an immediate aesthetical improvement for patients with HIV/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome is plastic surgery. Even under the most favorable conditions (ideal host genetic make-up, and the timely initiation of HIV therapy with less toxic drugs), current data show that HIV/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome is a complication of HIV infection and/or antiretroviral treatment that we are unable to avoid. In the context of HIV-1-infected patients under long-term antiretroviral therapy, fat toxicity is still the dark side of the rainbow.
Rodriguez-Fuster A.,Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute |
Belda-sanchis J.,Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute |
Aguilo R.,Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute |
Embun R.,University of Zaragoza |
And 36 more authors.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2014
Objective: Little information is available on postoperative morbidity and mortality after pulmonary metastasectomy. We describe the postoperative morbidity and mortality in a large multicentre series of patients after a first surgical procedure for pulmonary metastases of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and identify the pre- and intraoperative variables influencing the clinical outcome. Methods: A prospective, observational and multicentre study was conducted. Data were collected from March 2008 to February 2010. Patients were grouped into Groups A and B according to the presence or absence of postoperative complications. Variables in both groups were compared by univariate and multivariate analyses. P-values of <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 532 patients (64.5% males) from 32 hospitals were included. The mean (SD) ages of both study groups were similar [68 (10) vs 67 (10) years, P = NS). A total of 1050 lung resections were performed (90% segmentectomies or wedge, n = 946 and 10% lobectomies or greater, n = 104). Group A included 83 (15.6%) patients who developed a total of 100 complications. These included persistent air leaks in 18, atelectasis in 13, pneumonia in 13, paralytic ileum in 12, arrhythmia in 9, acute respiratory distress syndrome in 4 and miscellanea in 31. Reoperation was performed in 5 (0.9%) patients due to persistent air leaks in 4 and lung ischaemia in 1. The mortality rate was 0.4% (n = 2). Causes of death were sepsis in 1 patient and ventricular fibrillation in 1. In the multivariate analysis, lobectomy or greater lung resection [odds ration (OR) 1.9, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.04-3.3, P = 0.03], respiratory co-morbidity (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.1-4.6, P = 0.01) and cardiovascular co-morbidity (OR 2, 95% CI 1-3.8, P = 0.02) were independent risk factors for postoperative morbidity. Video-assisted surgery vs thoracotomy showed a protective effect (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.1-0.8, P = 0.01). Conclusions: The first episode of lung surgery for pulmonary metastases of CRC was associated with very low mortality and reoperation rates (<1%). The postoperative morbidity rate was 16%. Independent risk factors of postoperative morbidity were major lung resection and respiratory and/or cardiovascular co-morbidity. Video-assisted surgery showed a protective effect. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
PubMed | University of the Sea, Hospital Clinic San Carlos, University of Basel, Hospital Clinic and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: JAMA cardiology | Year: 2016
It is currently unknown whether the uniform (universal clinical practice for more than 2 decades) or 2 sex-specific cutoff levels are preferable when using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) levels in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).To improve the management of suspected AMI in women by exploring sex-specific vs uniform cutoff levels for hs-cTnT.In an ongoing prospective, diagnostic, multicenter study conducted at 9 emergency departments, the present study evaluated patients enrolled from April 21, 2006, through June 5, 2013. The participants included 2734 adults presenting with suspected AMI. Duration of follow-up was 2 years, and data analysis occurred from June 5 to December 21, 2015.The final diagnosis was centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists using all available information, including measurements of serial hs-cTnT blood concentrations twice: once using the uniform 99th percentile cutoff value level of 14 ng/L and once using sex-specific 99th percentile levels of hs-cTnT (women, 9 ng/L; men, 15.5 ng/L).Diagnostic reclassification in women and men using sex-specific vs the uniform cutoff level in the diagnosis of AMI.Of the 2734 participants, 876 women (32%) and 1858 men (68%) were included. Median (interquartile range) age was 68 (55-77) and 59 (48-71) years, respectively. With the use of the uniform cutoff value, 127 women (14.5%) and 345 men (18.6%) received a final diagnosis of AMI. Among these, at emergency department presentation, levels of hs-cTnT were already above the uniform cutoff value in 427 patients (sensitivity, 91.3% [95% CI, 85%-95.6%] in women vs 90.7% [95% CI, 87.1%-93.5% in men]; specificity, 79.2% [95% CI, 76.1%-82.1%] in women vs 78.5% [95% CI, 76.4%-80.6%] in men). After readjudication using sex-specific 99th percentile levels, diagnostic reclassification regarding AMI occurred in only 3 patients: 0.11% (95% CI, 0.02-0.32) of all patients and 0.6% (95% CI, 0.13-1.85) of patients with AMI. The diagnosis in 2 women was upgraded from unstable angina to AMI, and the diagnosis in 1 man was downgraded from AMI to unstable angina. These diagnostic results were confirmed when using 2 alternative pairs of uniform and sex-specific cutoff values.The uniform 99th percentile should remain the standard of care when using hs-cTnT levels for the diagnosis of AMI.
PubMed | Hospital Universitari Of Bellvitge Idibell, Hospital Clinic San Carlos, Hospital Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Hospital Mutua Terrassa and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gastroenterologia y hepatologia | Year: 2016
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) have much in common, including their main indications (biliopancreatic disorders), powerful therapeutic capacities and a steep learning curve. Over the years they have evolved from novel diagnostic procedures to interventional therapeutic techniques, but along different paths (different scopes or devices and endoscopists specializing exclusively in one or the other technique). However, EUS has gradually developed into a therapeutic technique that requires skills in the use of ERCP devices and stents, leading some ERCP specialists to explore the therapeutic potential of EUS. The corresponding literature, which has grown exponentially, includes recent experiments on combining the two techniques, which have gradually come to be used in routine care in a number of centers, with positive technical, clinical and financial outcomes. We review EUS and ERCP as individual or combined procedures for managing biliopancreatic disorders.