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Arslan U.,Samsun Education and Research Hospital | Kocaoglu T.,Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital | Balci M.,Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital | Duyuler S.,Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital | Korkmaz A.,Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital
Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2012

Background and purpose: Coronary collateral circulation (CCC) has been demonstrated to be impaired in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus which is characterized by insulin resistance. In this study, our purpose was to find out a possible relationship between CCC and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is also characterized by insulin resistance, in non-diabetic patients with severe coronary artery disease. Methods: One hundred and fifty-one consecutive non-diabetic patients with stable angina pectoris who were found to have >95% stenosis of at least one major coronary artery were enrolled. Abdominal ultrasonography (USG) was performed after coronary angiography to determine the presence or absence of NAFLD. Results: According to Cohen-Rentrop method, 81 (53.7%) patients had good and 70 (46.3%) patients had poor collateral development. NAFLD was present in 98 patients (64.9% of study population) and more prevalent in patients with poor collateral development [58 of 70 patients (82.9%) vs. 40 of 81 patients (49.4%), p< 0.001]. Mean Rentrop collateral score was significantly lower in patients with NAFLD (1.2. ± 1.2 vs. 2.1. ± 0.9, p< 0.001). Shorter angina time, metabolic syndrome, presence of insulin resistance, less severe coronary artery disease, and female sex were also associated with poor collateral development. When the logistic regression analysis was performed using these factors, NAFLD was still significantly related to poor collateral development. Conclusions: Presence of NAFLD is associated with poor coronary collateral development in non-diabetic patients with severe coronary artery disease independent from other variables, especially metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Which mechanisms play role in this association is needed to be cleared with further studies. © 2012 Japanese College of Cardiology.

Aytemir K.,Hacettepe University | Gurses K.M.,Hacettepe University | Yalcin M.U.,Hacettepe University | Kocyigit D.,Hacettepe University | And 7 more authors.
Europace | Year: 2015

Aims The second-generation cryoballoon (Arctic Front Advance™) (Arc-Adv-CB) has a redesigned injection system which distributes the refrigerant homogenously to the frontal balloon surface. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the Arc-Adv-CB and its predecessor (Arctic Front™) (Arc-CB) in patients who underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and results Three hundred and six patients (55.35 ± 10.60 years, 47.05% male) were included in the study. A total of 1205 pulmonary veins were attempted for PVI with either Arc-CB or Arc-Adv-CB. The follow-up durations were 30 (23-38) and 10 (8-13) months in Arc-CB and Arc-Adv-CB groups, respectively (P < 0.001). When the blanking period was considered, freedom from AF after a single ablation procedure was 68.53 and 90.83% in patients undergoing PVI with Arc-CB and Arc-Adv-CB, respectively. The most frequent complication was transient phrenic nerve palsy (PNP) which occurred in five(2.54%) and nine(8.26%) of patients undergoing PVI with Arc-CB and Arc-Adv-CB, respectively (P = 0.040). Left atrial (LA) diameter (hazard ratio, HR: 3.552, 95% CI: 2.034-6.201, P < 0.001), smoking history (HR:1.643, 95% CI: 1.011-2.671, P = 0.045), persistent AF (HR:1.725, 95% CI: 1.021-2.915, P = 0.041), duration of AF (HR:1.039, 95% CI: 1.000-1.080, P = 0.047), and early AF recurrence (HR:2.399, 95% CI: 1.443-3.989, P < 0.001) were associated with increased late AF recurrence. On the other hand, intraprocedural vagal reactions (HR: 0.550, 95% CI: 0.331-0.915, P = 0.021) and Arc-Adv-CB use (HR: 0.441, 95% CI: 0.225-0.866, P = 0.017) were associated with lower late AF recurrence. Left atrial diameter (HR: 3.072, 95% CI: 1.646-5.732, P < 0.001), early AF recurrence (HR: 1.906, 95% CI: 1.103-3.291, P = 0.021), and Arc-Adv-CB use (HR: 0.472, 95% CI: 0.239-0.931, P = 0.030) were independent predictors for late AF recurrence. Conclusion Our study has shown that Arc-Adv-CB use is associated with lower late AF recurrences at the cost of an increased risk for PNP. © The Author 2014.

Erenler A.K.,Samsun Education and Research Hospital
Cardiovascular Toxicology | Year: 2016

Mad honey poisoning occurs when honey containing grayanotoxin is digested. The most common clinical signs and symptoms of poisoning involve findings of digestive system irritation, severe bradycardia and hypotension and central nervous system reaction. In this review, we aimed to underline the cardiac effects of mad honey poisoning. We also aimed to raise the awareness of physicians about early diagnosis and treatment of this rare entity. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Ozturk H.E.,Samsun Education and Research Hospital | Sonmez B.,Istanbul Memorial Hospital | Beden U.,Istanbul Memorial Hospital
Eye and Contact Lens | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVES:: To report a new clinical finding, decreased corneal sensitivity, in epidemic keratoconjunctivitis and to evaluate this sign with corneal confocal microscopy. METHODS:: Forty-one eyes of 28 patients who developed corneal infiltrates after an outbreak of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis were included in the study. Clinical and confocal microscopic findings are described. RESULTS:: In this outbreak of 72 patients, 28 (38.9%) developed corneal infiltrates. The corneal involvement was unilateral in 15 patients (53.6%) and bilateral in 13 patients (46.4%). Corneal sensitivities were measured in 35 eyes of 24 patients and found to be decreased in 26 eyes (74.3%). Decreased corneal sensation was a feature of mainly stage 2 (7 eyes) and stage 3 (11 eyes) keratitis. Corneal sensitivity returned to normal levels in all eyes in a mean of 8.5 days. The main confocal microscopic features during the period of decreased corneal sensitivity were morphologic changes in the infected epithelial cells, extracellular bright microdeposits, infiltration with round inflammatory cells and dendritic cells, increased brightness in the extracellular matrix and the stroma surrounding the corneal nerves, and increased keratocyte activity. The intensity of the inflammatory reaction in the extracellular space and corneal stroma and the reflectivity of the corneal nerves had subsided by the second confocal measurements. CONCLUSION:: There may be a transient decrease in the corneal sensitivity during the course of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. Confocal microscopy can help to evaluate the changes in the cornea during this period. Future studies are needed to understand the nature of this clinical finding. © 2013 Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists.

Ozsavci D.,Marmara University | Ersahin M.,Samsun Education and Research Hospital | Sener A.,Marmara University | Ozakpinar O.B.,Marmara University | And 4 more authors.
Neurosurgery | Year: 2011

Background: There is substantial evidence to suggest that oxidative stress plays a significant role in the development of acute brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Objective: To investigate the putative neuroprotective effect of nesfatin-1, a novel peptide with anorexigenic properties, in a rat model of SAH. Methods: Male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into control, saline-treated SAH, and nesfatin-1 (10 μg/kg IP)-treated SAH groups. To induce SAH, rats were injected with 0.3 mL blood into their cisterna magna. Forty-eight hours after SAH induction, neurological examination scores were recorded and the rats were decapitated. Brain tissue samples were taken for the determination of blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, brain water content, and oxidative stress markers and for histological analysis. Results: The neurological examination scores were increased on the second day of SAH induction. SAH resulted in impaired blood-brain barrier and edema, along with increased levels of brain tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and myeloperoxidase activity with concomitant decreases in antioxidant enzymes. Conversely, in the nesfatin-1-treated SAH group, SAH-induced neurological impairment and oxidative brain injury were ameliorated by nesfatin treatment. Furthermore, SAH-induced morphological changes in the basilar arteries were improved by nesfatin-1 treatment, whereas caspase-3 activity and SAH-induced elevations in the plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines were also depressed by nesfatin-1 treatment. Conclusion: These findings suggest that nesfatin-1, which appears to have antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties, exerts neuroprotection in SAH-induced injury in rats by inhibiting neutrophil infiltration and subsequent release of inflammatory mediators. Copyright © 2011 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

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