Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa

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Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa

Poland

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Szkup-Jablonska M.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Karakiewicz B.,Zaklad Zdrowia Publicznego PUM W Szczecinie | Grochans E.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Jurczak A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 4 more authors.
Psychiatria Polska | Year: 2011

Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between lead levels in children's blood and the development of social disorders. Method. Lead levels were measured in every child's blood test and following on from that the influence of this toxin on children's behaviour was assessed. Manfred Cierpka questionnaire was used as the assessment tool examining children's family relationships and Children's Health Questionnaire Parent Form-28 was used to assess the subjects' health profile. Results. The statistical analysis revealed a statistically significant relationship between lead concentration in the child's blood and whether or not the child was able to meet social expectations (p=0.018), form affective relationships (p=0.046), its nervousness (p=0.024) and a generally lower assessment of his/her behavior in comparison with the peer group (p=0.024). Conclusions. Neurotoxic influence of lead on the developing child's organism results in developmental disabilities in its behaviour. These dysfunctions can lead to disorders in the child's social development and they can hinder its functioning. An increased concentration of metal toxins in the child's blood can be responsible for difficulties in meeting social expectation, which in turn is connected with increased nervousness and disorders in forming relationships. Children facing these problems often receive negative marks for their behaviour in comparison with the peer group. Such difficulties can lead to the child's social exclusion and predispose it to making antisocial or criminal decisions in the future.


Rumianowski B.,University Of Szczecin | Brodowska A.,Klinika Rozrodczosci i Uroginekologii | Karakiewicz B.,Zaklad Zdrowia Publicznego | Grochans E.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 2 more authors.
Przeglad Menopauzalny | Year: 2012

Menopause means a definitive end of the generative ovarian function and mostly occurs in women aged 40-58. It is well-known that the sooner it occurs the more serious consequences may result, even in the case of early menopausal hormone therapy. The most serious short-term consequences of menopause are menopausal symptoms (depression, hot flushes, sleep disorders, loss of libido), while long-term estrogen deficiency leads to osteoporosis, cardiovascular system diseases, depression, neurodegenerative diseases, urogenital area atrophy, skin and sense organ disorders. Therefore, an important task is to select women at risk of premature termination of the ovarian function. An important issue thus appears to be identification of factors influencing the age of the last natural menstrual period. Analysis of heritability results has brought the conclusion that the age of menopause is a multifactorial trait. The proportion of the impact of environmental and genetic factors, however, was not precisely estimated. Among environmental determinants the influence of many factors is being considered, including reproductive factors (related to the reproductive period), such as age of menarche, number of pregnancies and children, socio-economic factors, such as education, economic status, health determinants, such as the use of oral contraceptives or lifestyle-related factors, such as physical activity and the use of stimulants. Among the genetic factors, a genetic polymorphism of genes encoding enzymes of the estrogen biosynthesis pathway and other independent markers scattered throughout the genome (linkage studies and genome-wide association studies - GWAS) is taken into consideration.


Starczewska M.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Mikolajewska I.,Kolo Naukowe przy Samodzielnej Pracowni Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Grochans E.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Jurczak A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 4 more authors.
Family Medicine and Primary Care Review | Year: 2012

Background. A diet is an important element of a lifestyle, the one which influences health of every man. Objectives. The aim of this study was to present nutritional habits of students of the selected higher education institutions in Szczecin. Material and methods. The study group consisted of 400 students of two higher education institutions in Szczecin: the Pomeranian Medical University and the Westpomeranian Technological University. This survey-based study was performed using a verified version of the questionnaire compiled by Ph.D. Marzena Zarzeczny-Baran and Master of Sociology, Ewa Wojdak-Haasa. Results. Most students of the Pomeranian Medical University mentioned vegetables and fruit as well as full-cereal products as foodstuffs, which should be included in their everyday diets. Also students of the Westpomeranian Technological University pointed out the above mentioned products, but they did it less frequently. There were considerable differences between the students of both higher education institutions in the times of their first meals, while the numbers of students from both institutions, who admitted to not having dinners, were similar. Fast food was eaten once a week by 60.3% of students of the Westpomeranian Technological University and 57.4% of students of the Pomeranian Medical University. There were no differences in the times of first meals and the frequency of dinner consumption between students depending on their gender. The men ate fast food more often than the women. Conclusions. 1. It was proved that bad nutritional habits were common among students of both higher education institutions. 2. A place of living during studies had no significant influence on the students' diets. 3. It seems reasonable to introduce students to the principles of a well-balanced diet, especially at those higher education institutions, where education programs do not include issues concerning health promotion. © by Wydawnictwo Continuo.


Jurczak A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Hans E.G.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Jawdyk M.,KoLo Naukowe przy Samodzielnej Pracowni Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Wieder-Huszla S.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 4 more authors.
Family Medicine and Primary Care Review | Year: 2011

Background. The aim of sanatorium rehabilitation for patients with asthma is to reduce symptoms of the disease, to improve their physical efficiency and mental state and to prepare them for living with a chronic illness. The quality of life can be significantly improved in patients with bronchial asthma by rehabilitation procedures such as balneotherapy, thalassotherapy, climatotherapy, physiotherapy, hydrotherapy and kinesitherapy. Additionally, maritime climate promotes the healing process of respiratory tract diseases. All activities undertaken within the rehabilitation program contribute to the higher quality of life of patients with bronchial asthma. Objectives. Purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of health-resort services on the quality of life of patients with bronchial asthma. Material and methods. The study involved 100 patients with bronchial asthma taking part in a three-week sanatorium rehabilitation program from July to October 2009 in the sanatorium "Kombatant" in Kołobrzeg. This survey-based study was performed using a standardized instrument, AQLQ (Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire) for measuring problems faced by people with asthma in everyday life. The questionnaire was adapted to Polish conditions. Results. The obtained results proved that the pulmonological rehabilitation program significantly reduced bothersome symptoms of the disease. The applied procedures improved not only physical functioning of the patients, but also their emotional sphere. Conclusions. It is clear that sanatorium rehabilitation contributes to the higher quality of life of patients with bronchial asthma, and thus improves their functioning in many areas of life. © Wydawnictwo Continuo.


Grochans E.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Karakiewicz B.,Zaklad Zdrowia Publicznego | Brodowski J.,Samodzielna Pracownia Podstawowej Opieki Zdrowotnej | Jurczak A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 4 more authors.
Przeglad Menopauzalny | Year: 2013

Background: Magnesium (Mg) and zinc (Zn) may affect the incidence and severity of climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess serum Mg and Zn levels in postmenopausal women, depending on the severity of climacteric symptoms and the time interval since the last menstrual period. Material and methods: The study included 161 postmenopausal women, who had their Mg and Zn levels determined in venous blood serum. The women were not using menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and had their last menstrual period at least one year prior to the study. All women were healthy and did not use elimination diets. Results: The women were diagnosed as having hypomagnesaemia and hypozincaemia. The data analysis revealed statistically significant differences between Mg levels depending on the time interval since the last menstruation (p < 0.05). The lowest average serum Mg level was recorded in those women who had menopause more than 10 years prior to the study. There were no statistically significant differences depending on the severity of climacteric symptoms (p > 0.05). Conclusions: 1. In postmenopausal women, not using MHT, serum Mg and Zn concentrations maintained at low levels and, what is more, the average Mg concentration decreased significantly with the time since the last menstrual period. 2. Serum Mg and Zn concentrations do not affect the severity of climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women not using MHT.


Mroczek B.,Zaklad Zdrowia Publicznego | Parakiewicz A.,Zaklad Zdrowia Publicznego | Grochans E.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Mazurek D.,Kolo Naukowe przy Zakladzie Zdrowia Publicznego | And 2 more authors.
Family Medicine and Primary Care Review | Year: 2012

Background. Nursing is classified as a profession of public trust. A nurse is entrusted with the highest good that is health and life of another man. The members of a society want to perceive nurses as professionals prepared to fulfil their professional role and also as individuals of impeccable morals. Objectives. The aim of the study was to analyze the opinions of the Polish adults about the social image of the nursing profession, social expectations from nurses and the social knowledge of the functioning of nursing. Material and methods. The study was conducted by means of a diagnostic survey with the use of the author's questionnaire. It involved 200 people including 66% of women whose average age was 40 years, and 34% of men aged 42.5 years on average. Respondents were residents of Szczecin - 50%, Choszczno - 25%, and Gryfice - 25%. Out of them, 31% had higher and 69% - secondary education. Results. The results show that the majority of respondents mentioned an attending physician as a person they trusted in and wanted to talk about their health problems (65% - I rank), while a nurse was third in the ranking. About 64% of respondents claimed that nursing was not an independent profession and that a nurse was subordinate to a doctor. Some 54% of respondents perceived nursing as a service and a vocation. High responsibility was believed to raise the prestige of a job (49.5%) and a clear majority of respondents (72%) stated that an opportunity to help people was the most positive aspect of nursing. According to 46.5% of respondents the main contributor to an increase in the importance of the nursing profession was nurses' polite and thoughtful behaviour towards patients. Conclusions. 1. The Polish society still lacks genuine knowledge concerning the functioning of the modern nursing even though information about this profession is increasingly available. 2. Nursing gained wide recognition as a profession comparing to other occupations. 3. The organization of nursing work and proper communication with clients requires reforms and improvement. © by Wydawnictwo Continuo.


Markowska A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Podebska I.,Kolo Naukowe przy Samodzielnej Pracowni Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Szkup-Jablonska M.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Jurczak A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 2 more authors.
Family Medicine and Primary Care Review | Year: 2013

Background. Prison for many people living there is where a planned approach can take action to improve health and change existing harmful health behaviors. The aim of this study was to show, on an example of a selected prison, health behaviors and the factors that influenced the outcome of the action taken health among people who are in prisons in Poland. Material and methods. The study was conducted in 2011 in Detention Centre in Mie{ogonek}dzyrzecz (Areszt Śledczy in Mie{ogonek}dzyrzecz) which held 98 inmates. The study used a method of diagnostic survey using standardized diagnostic tools - IZZ questionnaire (Health Behavior Inventory), and the questions that were used to assess socio-demographic characteristics of the study group. The results were statistically analyzed. Results. 44% of respondents had low level of health behaviors, 44% had average and 12% had high level of health behaviors. Place of residence, education, occupation, number of stays in prison and treatment before being admitted to the prison showed a significant correlation with the general health behavior of prisoners. Conclusions. 1. Most of the prisoners surveyed showed low or average level of health behavior. 2. The factors that influence the development of health-related behaviors of prisoners were: place of residence, education, occupation, number of stays in prison and treatment before admission to prison. 3. Deepening of research on health behavior among inmates in penitentiary on Polish territory, would allow the identification groups among prisoners, to which certain health benefit programs can be targeted.© by Wydawnictwo Continuo.


PubMed | Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis | Year: 2011

Intensive care units (ICUs) are distinguished by the use of specialist medical procedures based on invasive monitoring and mechanical support of dysfunctional organs or systems of the body. Patients at ICUs represent a specific group due to the fact that many of them will suffer infections in the course of hospitalization which pose a threat to their health or life and exert an impact on the therapeutic success. The aim of this study was to perform a prospective analysis of hospital infections at the intensive care unit, to determine etiologic factors and clinical forms of infection, as well as to define infection risk factors specific for the patient or related to the diagnosis, treatment, and specific procedures at the unit.The study was done in 234 patients hospitalized at the Department of Intensive Medical Care, Pomeranian Medical University, Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 1 in Szczecin during one year. An infection registration card was created for each patient. Samples for microbiological tests were routinely collected once a week or in the event of suspected infection.1. The prospective clinical, microbiological, and epidemiologic analysis performed at the ICU demonstrated that: a) infections were diagnosed in approx. 45% of the patients, b) the most common clinical forms of infection were: pneumonia (87.5%), sepsis (44.2%), and urinary tract infection (36.5%). Two to four clinical forms of infection were seen in approx. 64% of the patients, c) the most common etiologic factor of infection, irrespectively of the clinical form, were Gram-negative bacteria, predominantly Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, d) patient-related infection risk factors of importance included male gender and overweight/obesity, e) procedure--related infection risk factors considerably contributing to infection included: bronchial toilet, tracheostomy, drainage of body cavities, feeding through a gastric tube, gastrostomy, central vessel cannulation, parenteral feeding, and chemotherapy. 2. The understanding of the prevalence and circumstances of infections at ICUs will help verify standards of preventive and therapeutic management at the ICU and may contribute to adequate control and efficient treatment of infections.


Augustyniuk K.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Pawlak J.,Studenckie Kolo Naukowe Samodzielnej Pracowni Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Jurczak A.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | Szkup-Jablonska M.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa | And 3 more authors.
Family Medicine and Primary Care Review | Year: 2013

Background. Anxiety is a natural reaction to illness, hospitalization and operating treatment. It is dependent many factors, such as personality traits, age, and ability to react in difficult situations. Objectives. The assessment of level of anxiety, depending on the socio-demographic factors in patients who were prepared for the surgery. Material and methods. The study was conducted among 110 patients hospitalized at the Departments of Surgery and Gynecology at Powiatowe Centrum Zdrowia NZOZ in Drezdenko. The study was conducted from September 2011 to February 2012, using the Inventory STAI questionnaire and own questions. Results. The analysis showed that the largest group of patients had an average level of anxiety, both as a state and as a trait. The average level of anxiety was, respectively, as a state of anxiety in 50 patients (45.5%), anxiety as a feature in 58 patients (52.7%). Depending on the study of anxiety as a state and trait anxiety with regard to age groups of respondents indicated that the level of severity of both types of anxiety increases with age. Women before surgery showed a greater tendency to both types of anxiety. Taking into account the level of education of the patients, the highest level of state anxiety and trait anxiety was shown by patients with higher education level. Conclusions. 1. The level of anxiety in patients was on average level. 2. Education significantly determined the levels of anxiety, both as a state and trait. 3. Before surgery women were significantly more prone to anxiety than men. 4. Younger patients had lower level of anxiety then the older ones. © by Wydawnictwo Continuo.


Wieder-Huszla S.,Samodzielna Pracownia Propedeutyki Pielegniarstwa
Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis | Year: 2010

Intensive care units (ICUs) are distinguished by the use of specialist medical procedures based on invasive monitoring and mechanical support of dysfunctional organs or systems of the body. Patients at ICUs represent a specific group due to the fact that many of them will suffer infections in the course of hospitalization which pose a threat to their health or life and exert an impact on the therapeutic success. The aim of this study was to perform a prospective analysis of hospital infections at the intensive care unit, to determine etiologic factors and clinical forms of infection, as well as to define infection risk factors specific for the patient or related to the diagnosis, treatment, and specific procedures at the unit. The study was done in 234 patients hospitalized at the Department of Intensive Medical Care, Pomeranian Medical University, Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 1 in Szczecin during one year. An infection registration card was created for each patient. Samples for microbiological tests were routinely collected once a week or in the event of suspected infection. 1. The prospective clinical, microbiological, and epidemiologic analysis performed at the ICU demonstrated that: a) infections were diagnosed in approx. 45% of the patients, b) the most common clinical forms of infection were: pneumonia (87.5%), sepsis (44.2%), and urinary tract infection (36.5%). Two to four clinical forms of infection were seen in approx. 64% of the patients, c) the most common etiologic factor of infection, irrespectively of the clinical form, were Gram-negative bacteria, predominantly Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, d) patient-related infection risk factors of importance included male gender and overweight/obesity, e) procedure--related infection risk factors considerably contributing to infection included: bronchial toilet, tracheostomy, drainage of body cavities, feeding through a gastric tube, gastrostomy, central vessel cannulation, parenteral feeding, and chemotherapy. 2. The understanding of the prevalence and circumstances of infections at ICUs will help verify standards of preventive and therapeutic management at the ICU and may contribute to adequate control and efficient treatment of infections.

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