Samkwang Medical Laboratories

Seoul, South Korea

Samkwang Medical Laboratories

Seoul, South Korea

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Yong D.,Yonsei University | Shin H.B.,Soonchunhyang University | Kim Y.-K.,Samkwang Medical Laboratories | Cho J.,Wonkwang University | And 6 more authors.
Infection and Chemotherapy | Year: 2014

Background: Antimicrobial surveillance is important for providing an up-to-date understanding of the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance and for creating a forum for rational drug development. In this study, we analyzed antimicrobial test data generated in 2011 by hospitals and commercial laboratories participating in the Korean Nationwide Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance program (KONSAR). Materials and Methods: Data on the results of susceptibility tests conducted in 32 hospitals and two commercial laboratories were analyzed. Data on isolates from patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) and those admitted to other wards were compared. Intermediate susceptibility was not analyzed and duplicate isolates were excluded. Results: Escherichia coli was the most prevalent organism identified in both the hospital and commercial laboratories. Among the hospital isolates, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), penicillin G-non-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae, and ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium remained as prevalent as they were in 2009. The proportion of vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VR-EFM) slightly decreased from 29% in 2009 to 23% in 2011. Resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ceftazidime, cefoxitin, fluoroquinolone, and amikacin were 24%, 14%, 27%, and 8%, respectively. Resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to fl uoroquinolone, ceftazidime, imipenem, and amikacin were 33%, 20%, 22%, and 16%, respectively, whereas those of Acinetobacter spp. resistance were 71%, 66%, 64, and 51%, respectively. The prevalence of oxyimino-cephalosporin-resistant E. coli and K. pneumoniae, carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. and P. aeruginosa, MRSA, and VR-EFM among ICU isolates was higher than those among non-ICU isolates. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae, imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa, and VR-EFM were more prevalent among isolates from commercial laboratories than those from hospitals. Resistance rates of K. pneumoniae to ceftazidime and amikacin decreased from 32% and 24% in 2005 to 24% and 8% in 2011, respectively. The resistance rate of P. aeruginosa to amikacin decreased from 22% in 2005 to 16% in 2011. The proportion of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. increased from 16% in 2005 to 64% in 2011. Conclusions: The prevalence of MRSA, penicillin G-non-susceptible S. pneumoniae, and ampicillin-resistant E. faecium among clinical isolates tested in laboratories remained high. Multidrug resistance was more prevalent among isolates from ICUs. The prevalence of ceftazidime-resistant and amikacin-resistant K. pneumoniae and amikacin-resistant P. aeruginosa decreased after 2005, while the prevalence of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. increased. © 2014 by The Korean Society of Infectious Diseases | Korean Society for Chemotherapy.


Kim Y.,Samkwang Medical Laboratories | Bae I.K.,Silla University | Lee H.,Catholic Kwandong University | Jeong S.H.,Yonsei University | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2014

This study was performed to investigate the mechanisms of in vivo acquisition of colistin resistance in A. baumannii during colistin treatment. Three colistin-susceptible/resistant pairs of A. baumannii were recovered from patients who underwent colistin treatment. All of the 6 isolates included in this study shared an identical sequence type (ST), ST375, and they showed identical SmaI-macrorestriction patterns by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The individual colistin-resistant isolates harbored distinct mutations in the pmrB gene. Mutations detected in the pmrB gene were Ala227Val, Pro233Ser, and frame shift from Phe26. In matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight analysis, colistin-resistant isolates were different from their colistin-susceptible counterparts, and they showed additional distinct peaks at 1852 m/z, 1937 m/z, 1954 m/z, 1975 m/z, 2034 m/z, and 2157 m/z. In vivo selection of colistin-resistant A. baumannii occurred independently in strains of ST357 during colistin treatment, and the strains acquired colistin resistance via mutations in the pmrB gene resulting in modification of lipid A components. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


Kim S.-Y.,Catholic University of Korea | Park Y.-J.,Catholic University of Korea | Johnson J.R.,University of Minnesota | Yu J.K.,Catholic University of Korea | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2016

We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) and its subclones among 268 E. coli isolates. The isolates were collected from 21 Korean hospitals without use of selection criteria and were screened for ST131 status by PCR. ST131 isolates were characterized for extended-spectrum β-lactamase variants, fluoroquinolone resistance genes, plasmid addiction systems, and replicon types. The collection's 57 identified ST131 isolates (21% of 268) were distributed disproportionately by clonal subset, as follows: 21 (37%) H30Rx, 27 (47%) H30 non-Rx, and 8 (14%) non- H30. Most (93%) ST131 isolates were ciprofloxacin resistant, and all H30 isolates had the same 5 nonsynonymous mutations in gyrA, parC, and parE. Twenty (95%) of H30Rx isolates harbored CTX-M-15, whereas only 14 (52%) of H30 non-Rx isolates harbored CTX-M-14 or CTX-M-27. Most (97%) ST131 isolates harbored IncF plasmids, but vagCD was confined exclusively to H30Rx. Our findings suggest that the distinctive characteristics of H30Rx isolates could have contributed to this subclone's recent epidemiologic success. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.


Lee J.Y.,Hamchoon Womens Clinic | Jee B.C.,Seoul National University | Lee J.R.,Seoul National University | Kim C.H.,Hamchoon Womens Clinic | And 6 more authors.
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica | Year: 2012

Objective. To determine age-specific reference values for anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and to set up an optimal model for AMH changes by age for infertility investigations. Design. Prospective study. Setting. Several infertility clinics and two university hospitals. Sample. A total of 21 226 AMH samples were obtained. Methods. Data on patients' age, race/ethnicity, and AMH levels were available from the laboratory center data registry between November 2008 and January 2011. Main outcome measures. The distribution of AMH levels by age. From 16 972 women aged between 25 and 45 years, we established and validated five AMH-age regression models. Results. The overall mean AMH level was 4.09 ± 3.71 ng/mL (median: 3.13 ng/mL). There was an inverse relation between AMH level and age. Among multiple regression models, the quadratic model was most appropriate to describe AMH-age relation (log AMH = 0.205 × age - 0.005 × age 2- 0.047). Conclusions. AMH levels show a progressive decline with increasing age. Age-specific AMH values may provide more specific information useful for patients and clinicians. AMH-age models could play a role as a basic step to approach more accurate ovarian reserve estimation. © 2012 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2012 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.


PubMed | University of Minnesota, Catholic University of Korea and Samkwang Medical Laboratories
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease | Year: 2016

We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) and its subclones among 268 E. coli isolates. The isolates were collected from 21 Korean hospitals without use of selection criteria and were screened for ST131 status by PCR. ST131 isolates were characterized for extended-spectrum -lactamase variants, fluoroquinolone resistance genes, plasmid addiction systems, and replicon types. The collections 57 identified ST131 isolates (21% of 268) were distributed disproportionately by clonal subset, as follows: 21 (37%) H30Rx, 27 (47%) H30 non-Rx, and 8 (14%) non-H30. Most (93%) ST131 isolates were ciprofloxacin resistant, and all H30 isolates had the same 5 nonsynonymous mutations in gyrA, parC, and parE. Twenty (95%) of H30Rx isolates harbored CTX-M-15, whereas only 14 (52%) of H30 non-Rx isolates harbored CTX-M-14 or CTX-M-27. Most (97%) ST131 isolates harbored IncF plasmids, but vagCD was confined exclusively to H30Rx. Our findings suggest that the distinctive characteristics of H30Rx isolates could have contributed to this subclones recent epidemiologic success.


Yoon B.S.,Korea University | Moon J.-H.,Korea University | Jun E.K.,Korea University | Jun E.K.,Stemmedience Corporation | And 11 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2010

Recent evidence shows that amniotic fluid (AF) contains multiple cell types derived from the developing fetus, and may represent a novel source of stem cells for cell therapy. In this study, we examined the paracrine factors released by human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) and their ability to accelerate the wound-healing process by stimulating proliferation and migration of dermal fibroblasts. AF-MSCs expressed the typical MSC marker proteins CD13, CD29, and CD44 and differentiated into adipocytes, osteoblasts, and chondrocytes when exposed to the appropriate differentiation media. In addition, AF-MSC-conditioned media (AF-MSC-CM) significantly enhanced proliferation of dermal fibroblasts. Antibody-based protein array and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) indicated that AF-MSC-CM contains various cytokines and chemokines that are known to be important in normal wound healing, including IL-8, IL-6, TGF-β, TNFRI, VEGF, and EGF. Application of AF-MSC-CM significantly enhanced wound healing by dermal fibroblasts via the TGF-β/SMAD2 pathway. Levels of p-SMAD2 were increased by AF-MSC-CM, and both the increase in p-SMAD2 and migration of dermal fibroblasts were blocked by inhibiting the TGF-β/SMAD2 pathway. Moreover, in a mouse excisional wound model, AF-MSC-CM accelerated wound healing. These data provide the first evidence of the potential for AF-MSC-CM in the treatment of skin wounds. © Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Song G.,Seegene Medical Foundation | Yoon K.,Konkuk University | Chi H.,Samkwang Medical Laboratories | Roh J.,Yonsei University | Kim J.,Cheongju University
Chronobiology International | Year: 2016

Working during the night can disrupt the normal circadian rhythm by altering the melatonin level. A low level of melatonin is associated with an increased risk of cancer, possibly by decreasing the expression of tumor-suppressor genes, such as p53. To determine whether nighttime work is associated with melatonin level in serum as well as the expression of related genetic markers, we enrolled 100 female nighttime medical technologists employed at a hospital in South Korea. Melatonin concentration and melatonin receptor 1 (MT1) expression were significantly lower in nighttime than in daytime workers (1.84 pg/mL versus 4.04 pg/mL; 1.16 versus 1.61, respectively). However, p53 expression showed no difference between the groups. In summary, nighttime work could be an important risk factor for circadian disruption, but not a direct risk factor for cancer in medical technologists in South Korea. © 2016 Taylor & Francis


Ryu H.,Catholic University of Korea | Park Y.-J.,Catholic University of Korea | Kim Y.-k.,Samkwang Medical Laboratories | Chang J.,Catholic University of Korea | Yu J.K.,Catholic University of Korea
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy | Year: 2014

Streptococcus agalactiae has emerged as an important cause of invasive infection in adults. Forty-nine S. agalactiae isolates (41 from adults and 8 from neonates) were collected during a 4-year period (2010-2013) and analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Antibiotic susceptibility to erythromycin, clindamycin and levofloxacin was determined and the determinants of resistance (ermA, ermB, ermC, mefA, lnuB) were detected by PCR and mutation in gyrA, gyrB, parC and parE gene was investigated by sequence analysis. They were resolved into 14 sequence types (STs) and belonged to five clonal complexes (CCs). The distribution of CC was significantly different according to the age group; CC1 (18/41) and CC10 (13/41) was the most common among the adult isolates but CC19 (5/8) was predominant among the neonatal isolates. The resistance rate to erythromycin, clindamycin was 18.4% and 24.5%, respectively. Among the 13 strains resistant to erythromycin and/or clindamycin, two isolates harbored ermA and 10 isolates harbored ermB. The levofloxacin resistance rate was very high (32.7%) and was significantly higher in CC10 (71.4%). All the levofloxacin-resistant isolates had identical gyrA substitution (Ser81Leu) but parC substitution was different according to the CCs. The additional mutation in parE (His221Tyr) was found only in CC19. Continuous monitoring of the fluoroquinolone resistance and genotypic distribution among S. agalactiae is needed. © 2014.


Lee J.,Catholic University of Korea | Kim M.,Catholic University of Korea | Chae H.,Catholic University of Korea | Kim Y.,Catholic University of Korea | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: A novel enzymatic HbA1c assay was introduced for use in an automated chemistry analyzer. With this unique method, HbA1c and plasma glucose can be measured from the same EDTA tube. We evaluated the analytical performance of this enzymatic HbA1c assay in a JCA-BM6010/C analyzer and compared the HbA1c values with the results from other widely used methodological instruments. Methods: The imprecision, linearity, carry-over and concordance rate of the enzymatic HbA1c test (BM Test HbA1c) using the JCA-BM6010/C analyzer were evaluated. Three hundred and seventy-seven specimens with HbA1c concentrations from 16 to 133 mmol/mol were used for a comparison study with two high performance liquid chromatography methods: Variant II Turbo and Tosoh HLC 723 G8 and the AutoLab Hemoglobin A1c immunoturbidimetry reagent using a Hitachi 7600-110. Forty specimens were used for the glucose method comparison. Results: The HbA1c coefficients of variation of the within-run imprecision for low and high levels were 0.6% and 0.4%, respectively. The linearity of the BM Test HbA1c using the JCA-BM6010/C analyzer was excellent in the range between 31 mmol/mol and 143 mmol/mol. The carry-over rate was 0.2%. The relationships between the BM test and the other three methods were 0.916×Tosoh G8+3.644, r=0.986; 0.887×Bio-Rad Variant II+1.896, r=0.972; and 0.941×AutoLab+4.532, r=0.977. The concordance rates using a cut-off of 48 mmol/mol were 91.5% with Tosoh G8, 82.8% with Bio-Rad Variant II, and 91.0% with AutoLab. The simultaneously assayed plasma glucose with HbA 1c was 1.002×Routine plasma glucose+0.625, r=1.000 Conclusions: The enzymatic BM Test HbA1c in the JCA-BM6010/C analyzer showed excellent precision and linearity, and a minimal carry-over rate. The simultaneously assayed plasma glucose analysis showed good performance. © 2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.


PubMed | Yonsei University, Catholic University of Korea and Samkwang Medical Laboratories
Type: | Journal: Case reports in genetics | Year: 2015

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/946010.].

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