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Bāgli, India

Kulkarni H.,ACWADAM | Shankar P.S.V.,Samaj Pragati Sahayog
Local Environment

There is evidence of a looming groundwater crisis in India. Unlike in the case of surface water, competition around groundwater generally does not result in open conflicts. Measurability and visibility of surface water accord a clearer public perception of water quantities, which leads to conflicts. Groundwater in an aquifer is sourced in a dispersed manner, and boundaries, quantities and interdependencies are less visible or measurable. Hence, groundwater resources go through intense and intricate competition between users and uses before open conflicts begin. Competition occurs with reference to sources rather than around the resource. The interdependency of sources is a function of changing patterns of usage as intricacies of aquifer characteristics come into play. Governance institutions and regulatory frameworks of groundwater need to be sensitive to the various forms in which groundwater competition manifests in different hydrogeological settings, and the consequences of this in terms of access and rights, in relation to issues of equity and justice. © 2014, © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Source

Kulkarni H.,Advanced Center for Water Resources Development and Management | Shah M.,Samaj Pragati Sahayog | Vijay Shankar P.S.,Samaj Pragati Sahayog
Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies

Study region: India. Study focus: India's groundwater dependence and the crises of depletion and contamination of groundwater resources require the development of a robust groundwater dependence framework. Understanding the challenges of developing a groundwater governance framework for regions of extensive groundwater development versus relatively less-developed areas of groundwater development is important. The groundwater typology is a function of both, the hydrogeological aspects of groundwater and the socio-economic milieu that defines dependency on the groundwater resource, which is significant across users and uses in India. An interdisciplinary perspective is important while managing groundwater resources in India and helping establish groundwater governance. New hydrological insights for the region: Participatory forms of groundwater management, using 'aquifer-based, common pool resource' approaches have begun to find their way into the practices and policies dealing with groundwater in India. Participation at all levels is important in management decisions as well as in the development of a governance framework, knowing that groundwater development in India has been 'atomistic' in nature. Developing a regulatory framework that is supportive of 'protection' of the resource as well as 'good practices of participatory groundwater management' is essential in groundwater governance. Interdisciplinary 'science' must form the medium of promoting both groundwater management and governance instead of using it in the largely business-as-usual approach to groundwater resource management that remains 'infrastructure' based, 'supply-side'. © 2014 The Authors. Source

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