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Allahabad, India

Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and science , formerly Allahabad Agricultural Institute is a government aided deemed university located in Allahabad, India.Established in 1910 by Dr. Sam Higginbottom as Allahabad Agricultural Institute towards improving the economic status of rural population. It became the first institute in India to offer a degree in Agricultural Engineering in 1942.As a tribute to its founder, the institution submitted a proposal to the Ministry of Human Resource Development in 2009 to re-christen Allahabad Agricultural Institute as Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and science. The Institute was conferred deemed university status on 15 March 2000 and got certified as a Christian Minority Educational Institution in December 2005. The MHRD has placed SHIATS in the list of elite category 'A' deemed universities on the basis of the expert committee recommendation.The academic infrastructure of the university is organized into eight faculties — which are divided into twenty two constituent schools. It contains a total of seventy eight academic departments and three research centres with emphasis on scientific, agricultural, technological education and research. Since its inception, the institute has produced many notable scientists, geneticists and agricultural engineers. While having completed its own hospital, Hayes Memorial Mission Hospital, the university is in the process of starting a medical college as per Medical Council of India norms. Wikipedia.

Sanju S.,ICAR Central Potato Research Institute | Siddappa S.,ICAR Central Potato Research Institute | Thakur A.,ICAR Central Potato Research Institute | Shukla P.K.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture | And 4 more authors.
Functional and Integrative Genomics | Year: 2015

RNA interference (RNAi) has proved a powerful genetic tool for silencing genes in plants. Host-induced gene silencing of pathogen genes has provided a gene knockout strategy for a wide range of biotechnological applications. The RXLR effector Avr3a gene is largely responsible for virulence of oomycete plant pathogen Phytophthora infestans. In this study, we attempted to silence the Avr3a gene of P. infestans through RNAi technology. The P. infestans inoculation resulted in lower disease progression and a reduction in pathogen load, as demonstrated by disease scoring and quantification of pathogen biomass in terms of Pi08 repetitive elements, respectively. Transgenic plants induced moderate silencing of Avr3a, and the presence and/or expression of small interfering RNAs, as determined through Northern hybridization, indicated siRNA targeted against Avr3a conferred moderate resistance to P. infestans. The single effector gene did not provide complete resistance against P. infestans. Although the Avr3a effector gene could confer moderate resistance, for complete resistance, the cumulative effect of effector genes in addition to Avr3a needs to be considered. In this study, we demonstrated that host-induced RNAi is an effective strategy for functional genomics in oomycetes. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Singh G.,Allahabad University | Chandra R.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture | Kumar C.,The National Academy of science
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2016

Value addition of a beverage was carried out by blending mango juice at three concentrations (5, 10 and 15 %) with skimmed milk and three concentrations (3, 3.5 and 4.0 %) of vegetable oil with 80 % rice bran oil and 20 % Carthamus tinctorius L. oil (Saffola Gold [InlineMediaObject not available: see fulltext.]). Sensory evaluation showed significant differences in flavour and taste, consistency and overall acceptability amongst the various treatment combinations. It showed maximum overall acceptability (7.55/9) among all tested combinations. Beverage prepared from 3.5 % vegetable oil and 15 % pulp was observed superior in terms of nutritional quality showing fats (2.9 %), proteins (2.83 %), carbohydrate (12.16 %) and total solids (18.73 %). Total sugar, ascorbic acid and acidity decreased while total solids and pH increased as the storage period of beverage was increased from 0–30 days, however the changes were observed lesser at low temperature than at room temperature. Addition of vegetable oil ≥3.5 % produced minimum total plate count (≤1.8 cfu/mL) and negative test for coliform. The beverage products were found microbiologically safe during one month of storage at low temperature (around 4 °C). The value added filled milk beverage prepared with 80 % rice bran oil, 20 % safflower seed oil and 15 % mango pulp was prescribed for the best use for a week. © 2014, The National Academy of Sciences, India.

Verma A.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture
Medicinal Chemistry Research | Year: 2012

Chitosan (CH)-based ciprofloxacin (CFX) prodrug conjugate have been successfully synthesized using isopropyl alcohol/water and glacial acetic acid mixture and the film was made by solution casting method. The FTIR spectrum result showed that CH-CFX complex exhibit an electrostatic interaction between NH 2 group of CH and COO - group of CFX. The physical parameters were analyzed by X-ray diffraction pattern and morphology by scanning electron microscopy. Thermal behavior of the films was analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry. The antimicrobial activity of the complexes against various Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomona. aeruginosa) was evaluated and found that the antibacterial activity of CH-CFX complex was greater than that of parent drug CFX. This may be due to the favorable pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, excellent bacterial susceptibility and good stability of the drug conjugate. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Singh K.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture | Thakur S.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture
National Academy Science Letters | Year: 2012

Sarcophagid flies are an important group of Dipteran flies and are known to transmit pathogenic bacteria and viruses and cause animal tissue myiasis. These flies have also been reported as agents of human cutaneous, intestinal and genitourinal myiasis. However there is very little information available on the biochemical genetics of these flies. So the present investigation is an attempt to analyse the electrophoretic profiles using molecular markers in Sarcophaga dux byPAGEat five enzyme loci [(Malic enzyme (ME), Acid phosphatase (ACPH), Alkaline phosphatase (APH), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH)]. All the enzymes were found to be encoded at a single locus. Of these, ME and XDH were monomorphic. While LDH, APH and ACPH revealed polymorphism for two electromorphs and three electrophoretic phenotypes. © The National Academy of Sciences, India 2012.

Borges V.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture | Jeberson W.,Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies | Year: 2016

Activity Recognition is a complex task of the Human Computer Interaction (HCI) domain. k-Nearest Neighbors (kNN) a non-parametric classifier, mimics human decision making, using experiences for segregating a new object. Fuzzy Logic mimics human intelligence to make decisions; but suffers from requiring domain expertise to propose novel rules. In this paper a novel technique is proposed that comes with efficient fuzzy rules from the training data. The kNN classifier is modified by incorporating fuzzification of the feature space by learning from the data and not relying solely on domain experts to draw fuzzy rules. Additional novelty is the efficient use of the Fuzzy Similarity Relations and Fuzzy Implicators for hybridization of the kNN Classifier. The proposed hybridized fuzzy kNN classifier is shown to perform 5.6 % better than the classical kNN counterpart. © Springer India 2016.

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