The Salk Institute for Biological Studies is an independent, non-profit, scientific research institute located in La Jolla, California. It was founded in 1960 by Jonas Salk, the developer of the polio vaccine; among the founding consultants were Jacob Bronowski and Francis Crick. Building did not start until spring of 1962. The institute consistently ranks among the top institutions in the US in terms of research output and quality in the life science. In 2004, the Times Higher Education Supplement ranked Salk as the world's top biomedicine research institute, and in 2009 it was ranked number one globally by ScienceWatch in the neuroscience and behavior areas.The institute employs 850 researchers in 60 research groups and focuses its research in three areas: Molecular Biology and Genetics; Neuroscience; and Plant Biology. Research topics include cancer, diabetes, birth defects, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, AIDS, and the neurobiology of American Sign Language. The March of Dimes provided the initial funding and continues to support the institute. Current research is funded by a variety of organizations, such as the NIH, the HHMI and private organizations such as Paris-based Ipsen and the Waitt Family Foundation. In addition, the internally administered Innovation Grants Program encourages cutting-edge high-risk research. The institute appointed genome biologist Eric Lander and stem cell biologist Irving Weissman as non-resident fellows in November 2009.The campus was designed by Louis Kahn. Salk had sought to make a beautiful campus in order to draw the best researchers in the world. Salk and Kahn having both descended from Russian Jewish parents that had immigrated to the United States had a deeper connection than just mere partners on an architectural project. The results of their connection is seen in the design that resulted from their collaboration. The original buildings of the Salk Institute were designated as a historical landmark in 1991. The entire 27-acre site was deemed eligible by the California Historical Resources Commission in 2006 for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. Wikipedia.
Allen N.J.,Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Annual review of cell and developmental biology | Year: 2014
Astrocytes regulate multiple aspects of neuronal and synaptic function from development through to adulthood. Instead of addressing each function independently, this review provides a comprehensive overview of the different ways astrocytes modulate neuronal synaptic function throughout life, with a particular focus on recent findings in each area. It includes the emerging functions of astrocytes, such as a role in synapse formation, as well as more established roles, including the uptake and recycling of neurotransmitters. This broad approach covers the many ways astrocytes and neurons constantly interact to maintain the correct functioning of the brain. It is important to consider all of these diverse functions of astrocytes when investigating how astrocyte-neuron interactions regulate synaptic behavior to appreciate the complexity of these ongoing interactions. Source
Salk Institute for Biological Studies and University of Sydney | Date: 2015-10-23
The present disclosure provides compositions that include a nanoparticle and a compound that increases the biological activity of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) (e.g., a VDR agonist), and methods of using such compounds to increase retention or storage of vitamin A, vitamin D, and/or lipids by a cell, such as an epithelial or stellate cell. Such methods can be used to treat or prevent fibrosis.
Salk Institute for Biological Studies | Date: 2015-11-19
Methods for heart regeneration are provided. The invention provided herein includes methods of modulating proliferation of cardiomyocytes using small molecules and micro RNAs. In embodiments, the methods provided may be used to increase proliferation or cardiomyocytes. Further provided are methods to be used for the treatment of myocardial infarction.
Salk Institute for Biological Studies | Date: 2015-01-15
This application provides methods of increasing vascularization, muscle performance, muscle rehabilitation, and/or mitochondrial activity in subjects in need thereof, by administering a therapeutically effective amount of one or more agents that increases ERR activity to the subject. Such agents can include one or more ERR agonists. In some examples the method does not require that the subject exercise, and as such, the subject may be sedentary (such as bedridden or in a wheelchair).
Salk Institute for Biological Studies | Date: 2015-11-09
Methods of assembling modified adenoviruses, libraries of adenoviral gene modules and compositions thereof are provided herein.