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Lokoja, Nigeria

Salem International University is an American private university located in Salem, West Virginia, in the United States. It has about 835 students, enrolled in undergraduate as well as graduate programs, and was founded by the Seventh Day Baptist Church in 1888. Wikipedia.


Danyuo Y.,African University of Science and Technology | Danyuo Y.,Kwara State University | Dozie-Nwachukwu S.,African University of Science and Technology | Dozie-Nwachukwu S.,Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Advanced Laboratory | And 12 more authors.
Materials Science and Engineering C | Year: 2016

We present the results of swelling experiments on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) P(NIPA)-based hydrogels. The swelling characteristics of P(NIPA)-based homo-polymer and P(NIPA)-based co-polymers with Acrylamide (AM) and Butyl Methacrylate (BMA), were studied using weight gain experiments. The swelling due to the uptake of biosynthesized cancer drug, prodigiosin (PG), was compared to swelling in controlled environments (distilled water (DW), paclitaxel™ (PT) and bromophenol blue (BB)). PG was synthesized with Serratia marcescens (SM) subsp. marcescens bacteria. The mechanisms of drug diffusion and swelling of P(NIPA)-based hydrogels are also elucidated along with characterizing the heterogeneous porous structure of the P(NIPA)-based hydrogels. High Performance Liquefied Chromatography (HPLC) analysis revealed the purity of the biosynthesized prodigiosin to be 92.8%. PG was then absorbed by P(NIPA)-based hydrogels at temperatures between 28-48 °C. This is a temperature range that might be encountered during the implantation of biomedical devices for localized cancer treatment via drug delivery and hyperthermia. The results obtained are shown to provide insights for the design of implantable biomedical devices for the localized treatment of breast cancer. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V. Source


Fowoyo P.T.,Salem University | Ogunbanwo S.T.,University of Ibadan
African Journal of Microbiology Research | Year: 2010

A total of thirty lactic acid bacteria belonging to Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum, Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactococcus lactis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides were isolated from the various fermenting stages of white maize gotten from five western states of Nigeria namely Oyo (Ibadan), Lagos, Ondo (Akure), Ogun (Abeokuta) and Ekiti states for Massa production and were subjected to physiological tests. L. fermentum, L. plantarum, P. acidilactici had high survival rates of between 4.00 - 5.23 log10 cfu/ml at a very low pH value of 2. L. lactis produced the highest quantity of lactic acid (8.00 g/l) while L. plantarum produced the highest quantity of hydrogen peroxide (1.68 g/l). A high percentage of phytic acid (5.52 - 6.47%) was produced by L. fermentum, L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. L. fermentum, L. plantarum and P. acidilactici grew well at both low and high temperatures of 10 and 45°C, respectively. All the isolates survived freezing and spray drying conditions with L. plantarum and P. acidilactici having the highest survival rate of 5.62 log10 cfu/ml during freezing while L. fermentum had the highest survival rate of 5.45 log10 cfu/ml during spray drying. All the isolates produced protease and amylase enzyme but did not produce cellulase enzyme. These results showed that the phenotypic diversity of the lactic acid bacteria flora during maize grains fermentation depended on the variety of maize and the sampling location. © 2010 Academic Journals. Source


Nwankwo C.N.,University of Port Harcourt | Ohakwere-Eze M.,Salem University | Ebeniro J.O.,University of Port Harcourt
Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology | Year: 2015

This study delineates and maps the hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir HD2000 from surface seismic sections and well logs within the depth interval of 5,700 ft (1,737 m) and 6,200 ft (1,890 m). The objective is to establish the geometry, reservoir distribution, delineate hydrocarbon-bearing reservoirs from surface seismic sections and well logs. In this process, a 3-D structural interpretation and estimation of the volume of hydrocarbon in place of the reservoirs was carried out. Well-to-seismic tie revealed that hydrocarbon-bearing reservoirs were associated with direct hydrocarbon indicators (bright spots and dim spots) on the seismic sections. Two horizons were studied (HD2 and HD2_version2) and several faults mapped for the purpose of carrying out 3-D subsurface structural interpretation. This was used in generating the time structure maps. From the maps, it was observed that the principal structure responsible for hydrocarbon entrapment in the field was the anticlinal structure at the center of the field which tied to the crest of the rollover structure seen on the seismic sections. Check shots from the control well were used to create a velocity model from which the time to depth conversion was made. Horizon slice taken shows the reservoir spans a thickness of 400 ft. Direct hydrocarbon indicators were used to map the reservoir boundary. They were seen on the reflection amplitude maps as high amplitude zones (bright spots) and low amplitude zones (dim spots). Reservoir area extent estimated by square grid template method revealed that reservoir HD2000 had an area estimate of 5.29 km2. The results show the effectiveness of the estimation techniques in the lateral prediction of reservoir properties, discriminating litho-fluid and determining the porosity, saturation, net-to-gross ratio, and moreover the reserve volume. Hydrocarbon saturation varied between 0.64 and 0.65, while effective porosity varied between 0.31 and 0.32. Estimation of the volume of hydrocarbon in place revealed that the delineated reservoir HD2000 contained an estimate of 776,545,418.22 barrels (123,460,855.4 cm3) of hydrocarbon which shows great potential of considerable size. © 2015, The Author(s). Source


Onwudebelu U.,Federal University, Ndufu-Alike | Ugwoke U.C.,Minna Federal University Of Technology | Igbinosa G.O.,Salem University
Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 4th International Conference on Adaptive Science and Technology, ICAST 2012 | Year: 2012

With ever growing information, the fast technological changes and the rapid emergence of social media as an engagement and interactive tool, the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is inevitable. In the past years, a number of activities were implemented to enhance the use of ICT as a key tool for development. Particularly, the government has continued to pay greater attention to the use of ICT in achieving better government. This has led to an efficient, speedy and transparent dissemination of information to the public and other agencies for performance of governments' administrative activities as well as increase government-citizen relationship. The shift from Government to e-Government aims 'to develop national competitiveness and enhance quality of public services' by establishing an effective, systematic and productive e-Government. In this paper, we present e-Governance initiatives in Nigeria, including national policies, strategies and programs, current situation, and available online services. The findings of this study highlight the role of Internet, particularly the World Wide Web, which has made it easier for citizens to locate and download official information and to conduct transactions irrespective of time and location. © 2012 IEEE. Source


Ameloko A.A.,Covenant University | Rotimi J.O.,Covenant University | Alfa B.E.,Covenant University | Obihan K.I.,Salem University
Petroleum and Coal | Year: 2016

This paper presents a case study dealing with reservoir delineation and characterisation of the Basecopia field, part of Niger Delta Nigeria. The data set utilized for this work incorporate 3D seismic data, well log suites containing gamma rays, resistivity and porosity logs (neutron and density). These logs were utilized to focus petro-physical properties in three (3) wells. 780 inlines and 496 crosslines of seismic information covering an area of about 234 km2 were utilized. Faults were picked and correlated. Horizons of hydrocarbon bearing sands were picked in view of the re-suit from seismic- to-well tie. These were utilized to produce time and depth maps for a horizon keeping in mind the end goal to recognize the different basic highlights inside the field. Petro-physical aftereffects of the study demonstrate the dominating liquid found in the three wells is light oil at True Vertical Depth Sub Surface (TVDSS) of -7109 to -7333 ft. in Well A, -6916 to -7044 ft. in Well B and -7694 to -7858 ft. in Well C. Thereafter, seismic attributes such as the instantaneous frequency and the dominant frequency indicated the presence of channel filled sand containing hydrocarbon in regions around the wells. Hence, the wells can be said to be properly situated within the reservoir hydrocarbon bearing sand with spatial facies evenly distributed. The study however concluded that Well A bears a considerable amount of reserves of about 209.52Mbbls. Source

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