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Winston-Salem, NC, United States

See also Salem State College in Massachusetts.Salem College is a liberal arts women's college in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States founded in 1772. Originally established as a primary school, it later became an academy and finally a college. It is the oldest female educational establishment that is still a women's college and the oldest female institution in the Southern United States.Though Salem is officially classified as a women's college, men 23 years of age and over are admitted into the Continuing Education program and into graduate-degree programs.In 2009, Forbes rated it 67th of America's Best Colleges. Wikipedia.


Vijayakumari N.,Salem College
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to focus on various factors associated with suicide by hanging at Chennai, India; with a view to identify the areas of intervention. A prospective study was carried out on 65 cases of death due to suicide by hanging which was received by the Institute of Forensic Medicine, Madras Medical College, Chennai, India, during the period of August 2008- July 2009. In the present study, 84.7%% of the cases were below the age of 40years, time of hanging in 50.8% of the cases was 3am-12noon, place of hanging in 95.5% of the cases was their residence, 92.3% were living with their family and 69.2% were married. Most frequent precipitating factors were marital unhappiness (33.8%), problems associated with organic disease (18.5%) and dowry harassment (16.8%). To reduce the incidence of suicides by hanging, there is urgent need to focus on these factors. Source


Dickinson E.,Salem College
Environmental Communication | Year: 2011

This study examines spatial practices in a forest conservation education program that incorporates place as a tool to teach environmental and forestry issues to schoolchildren and connect them with nature. By analyzing educational forests, talking-tree trails, classes taught to children, and how visitors move throughout the sites, this paper argues that people and practices within the forests employ a rhetoric of spatial and temporal transience that can enable a displaced experience. Human-nature dualistic tendencies that foster environmental alienation are produced culturally and spatially and are experienced in ways that can promote disconnectedness. Instead of re-placing students with nature, as place-based environmental education promotes, forestry and pedagogical systems can practice nature as non-placed. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source


Introduction: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen and is the leading cause of nosocomial infections especially among patients admitted to intensive care units. (ICU).It has been implicated in diverse nosocomial infections. In recent years, a considerable increase in the prevalence and multidrug resistance (MDR) P.aeruginosa has been noticed with high morbidity and mortality. So we aimed in the present study to determine the status of antimicrobial resistance to individual antipseudomonal agents and the magnitude of multidrug resistance in these organisms. The aim of the study was to retrospectively analyze and determine the distribution rate and antimicrobial resistance pattern in P.aeruginosa among clinical specimens for a period of 3 years. Methods: P.aeruginosa were isolated and identified by conventional methods. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. The clinical and specimen distribution properties of P.aeruginosa were evaluated based on their resistance. Results: The isolation rate of P.aeruginosa in this study was 5%, 6.8% and 5% in 2008, 2009 and 2010 respectively. Pus, tracheal aspirates and urine were important sources of P.aeruginosa isolation in ICU and non ICU inpatients. Resistance rates of pseudomonas varied with the antibiotics and the high resistance observed was related to the increased use of broad spectrum antibiotics. Multidrug resistance P.aeruginosa is on the rise especially in nosocomial infections. Hence rigorous monitoring of MDR strains, restriction of inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents and adherence of infection control practices should be emphasized to delay the emergence of clinically significant MDR-P.aeruginosa Conclusion: To conclude, although multidrug resistance has commonly been reported in nosocomial P.aeruginosa, community acquired data are less frequently reported. For this reason epidemiological studies on the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of resistant isolates in different geographical settings would provide useful information to guide clinicians in their choice of therapy and to contribute to the global picture of antimicrobial resistance. Rigorous monitoring of MDR in P.aeruginosa, restriction of the inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents and adherence of infection control practices should be emphasized to delay the emergence of clinically significant P.aeruginosa. Source


Govindaraju C.,Salem College
IET Power Electronics | Year: 2011

This study presents certain sequential switching hybrid modulation strategies, and compared for multiphase multilevel inverters. Hybrid modulation represents the combination of fundamental frequency, and multilevel sinusoidal modulations and designed for performance of the well-known alternative phase opposition disposition, phase shifted carrier, carrier-based space vector modulation and single-carrier sinusoidal modulations. The main characteristic of these modulations are the reduction of switching losses with good harmonic performance. A simple sequential switching and base pulse-width modulation (PWM) circulation techniques are embedded with these modulations, to achieve balanced power dissipation among the devices within a cell and for series connected cells, equal load sharing and balanced DC-link capacitor voltages. Multilevel sinusoidal PWM and its base modulation design are implemented on a TMS320F2407 digital signal processor (DSP). Complex programmable logic device realises hybrid control algorithm with base PWM circulation and integrated with DSP for sequential switching hybrid PWM generation. The feasibility of these modulations are theoretically analysed for five-level and then generalised for N-level, validated by simulation and confirmed practically for a five-level inverter. © 2011 The Institution of Engineering and Technology. Source


Govindaraju C.,Salem College | Baskaran K.,Government College of Technology, Coimbatore
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2011

This paper presents four different sequential switching hybrid-modulation strategies and compared for cascaded multilevel inverters. Hybrid-modulation strategies represent combinations of fundamental-frequency modulation and multilevel sinusoidal-modulation (MSPWM) strategies, and are designed for performance of the well-known alternative phase opposition disposition, phase-shifted carrier, carrier-based space-vector modulation, and single-carrier sinusoidal-modulations. The main characteristic of these modulations are the reduction of switching losses with good harmonic performance, balanced power loss dissipation among the devices with in a cell, and among the series-connected cells. MSPWM and its base modulator design are implemented on a TMS320F2407 digital signal processor (DSP). Complex programmable logic device realizes hybrid-modulation algorithm with base pulsewidth modulation (PWM) circulation, and is integrated with DSP for sequential switching hybrid PWM generation. The proposed modulations can be easily extended to three phase, and higher level inverters, operates with same physical structure of the power module. The feasibility of these hybrid modulations are verified through spectral analysis, power loss analysis, simulation, and experimental results. © 2006 IEEE. Source

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