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Eşfahān, Iran

Nikkar B.,Salamat Iranian Clinic | Khosravi-Boroujeni H.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Khosravi-Boroujeni H.,Griffith University | Kolahdouzan M.,Salamat Iranian Clinic | And 5 more authors.
ARYA Atherosclerosis | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with many metabolic and chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Family history of diabetes (FHD) is also an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, the presence of FHD and obesity has a synergic effect on risk of diabetes incidence. The aim of this study was to determine whether FHD influence the weight loss induced by weight loss diet. METHODS: This study was an intervention between individuals with or without FHD. Seventy-eight positive FHD and 74 negative FHD individuals were participated in this study. Two groups were matched for age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). In the present study, expert interviewers collected socio-demographic data and prescribed dietary recommendations in a face-to-face method. RESULTS: Dietary intervention significantly reduces the body weight and BMI in both groups, but these reductions were not different between negative and positive FHD groups. This study could not find any significant association between FHD and responsiveness to weight loss diets (β = -0.058; 95% confidence interval, -1.618 to 0.832; P = 0.526). CONCLUSION: Individuals with FHD have higher risk for obesity and chronic diseases, but in the current study there was no difference in responsiveness to weight loss in individuals with a positive family history and those without a family history. Source

Kolahdouzan M.,Salamat Iranian Clinic | Khosravi-Boroujeni H.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Nikkar B.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Zakizadeh E.,Salamat Iranian Clinic | And 4 more authors.
ARYA Atherosclerosis | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Obesity has become one of the most important and the fastest growing health and nutritional problem, not only in developed but also in developing countries. White rice consumption causes an increase in postprandial blood glucose and could be a probable reason for obesity. This study was conducted to investigate the association between intake of white rice and central obesity in an Iranian population. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, a total of 212 subjects were selected based on convenience non-random sampling procedure. Expert interviewers collected socio-demographic and dietary intake data by a face to face method. RESULTS: We failed to find any significant association between frequency of white rice consumption and body mass index or waist circumference, neither in crude model nor in adjusted models. CONCLUSION: Although there was no significant association between white rice intake and obesity factors in our study, more studies are necessary with larger population and better design. Source

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