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De Juan-Marcos L.,University of Salamanca | De Juan-Marcos L.,Institute for Biomedical Research of Salamanca IBSAL | Escudero-Dominguez F.A.,University of Salamanca | Hernandez-Galilea E.,University of Salamanca | And 8 more authors.
Ophthalmic Genetics | Year: 2016

Purpose: To evaluate the association of the lysyl oxidase-like 1 (LOXL1) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a Spanish population with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (XFS) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (XFG).Materials and methods: The present case-control study included 100 Spanish patients (60 patients with XFS and 40 patients with XFG) and 90 control subjects. Genotypes of the three single nucleotide polymorphisms of LOXL1 (rs1048661, rs3825942, and rs2165241) were analyzed with direct sequencing.Results: The G allele and the GG genotype of SNP rs3825942 were detected at a statistically higher frequency in pseudoexfoliation patients than in control subjects (p = 3.36 × 10-5, OR = 5.71, 95% CI: 2.30-14.18; p = 3.38 × 10-5, OR = 6.91, 95% CI: 2.51-19.03 respectively). The T allele and the TT genotype of SNP rs2165241 presented at significantly higher frequencies in pseudoexfoliation patients than in controls (p = 2.50 × 10-4, OR = 2.18, 95% CI: 1.43-3.33; p = 1.21 × 10-2, OR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.75-3.85 respectively). No significant association between XFS/XFG and the rs1048661 was observed. The GGT haplotype composed of all three risk alleles was determined to be significantly associated with pseudoexfoliation. The genotypic and allelic distributions of the three SNPs were similar between XFS and XFG.Conclusions: This is the first study associating two SNPs of LOXL1 (rs3825942 and rs2165241) and XFS/XFG in a Spanish population, confirming findings in patients from Europe. However rs1048661 SNP did not show an association with XFS. © 2016 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

PubMed | Institute for Biomedical Research of Salamanca IBSAL
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry | Year: 2012

There is an increasing consideration for a disorganized cerebral activity in schizophrenia, perhaps relating to a synaptic inhibitory deficit in the illness. Noise power (scalp-recorded electroencephalographic activity unlocked to stimuli) may offer a non-invasive window to assess this possibility.29 minimally-treated patients with schizophrenia (of which 17 were first episodes) and 27 healthy controls underwent clinical and cognitive assessments and an electroencephalographic recording during a P300 paradigm to calculate signal-to-noise ratio and noise power magnitudes in the theta and gamma bands.In comparison to controls, a significantly higher gamma noise power was common to minimally-treated and first episode patients over P3, P4, T5 and Fz electrode sites. Those high values were directly correlated to negative symptom severity and inversely correlated to verbal memory scores in the patients. There were no differences in signal-to-noise ratio magnitudes among the groups. Gamma noise power at Fz discriminated significantly between patients and controls. No significant differences were found in theta noise power or in gamma noise power over the other electrode sites between the groups of patients and controls.We have not assessed phase-locked and non-phase locked power changes, a complementary approach that may yield useful information.Gamma noise power may represent a useful and non-invasive tool for studying brain dysfunction in psychotic illness. These results suggest an inefficient activation pattern in schizophrenia.

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