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Iraq - Arbil - North, Iraq

Salahaddin University-Erbil is the oldest and biggest higher education institution in Kurdistan region. It is located in Erbil , capital of the autonomous Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Salahaddin University-Erbil was established in 1968 and was originally based in Sulaimani. It was moved to Erbil in 1981. Initially, the university included seven Colleges: Science, Agriculture, Engineering, Administration, Arts, Education, and Medicine. In 1985, a college of Law and Politics was added, followed by the colleges of Dentistry in 1995. Several more were established in the following years so that by 2004, the university offered courses in 22 departments. In 2005, the departments of Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, and Pharmacy splitted from Salahaddin University to establish Hawler Medical University. The University is a member of the International Association of Universities and grants various academic degrees and certificates to qualified individuals, including Bachelor of Arts , Bachelor of Science , Master of Arts , Master of Science , and Doctorate of Philosophy . A Medical degree is also granted by the Medical College. Wikipedia.


Reshid T.S.,Salahaddin University Erbil
Journal of Fusion Energy | Year: 2013

Fusion serves an inexhaustible energy for humankind. Although there have been significant research and development studies on the inertial and magnetic fusion reactor technology, Furthermore, there are not radioactive nuclear waste problems in the fusion reactors. In this study, (n, p) reactions for some structural fusion materials such as 27Al, 51V, 52Cr, 55Mn and 56Fe have been investigated. The new calculations on the excitation functions of 27 Al(n, p) 27 Mg, 51 V(n, p) 51 Ti, 52 Cr(n, p) 52 V, 55 Mn(n, p) 55 Cr and 56 Fe(n, p) 56 Mn reactions have been carried out up to 30 MeV incident neutron energy. Statistical model calculations, based on the Hauser-Feshbach formalism, have been carried out using the TALYS-1.0 and were compared with available experimental data in the literature and with ENDF/B-VII, T = 300 K; JENDL-3.3, T = 300 K and JEFF-3.1, T = 300 K evaluated libraries. © 2012 The Author(s). Source


Fadhil A.M.,Salahaddin University Erbil
International Journal of Digital Earth | Year: 2011

Iraq has suffered severely from drought in recent years and the year 2008 was the driest, particularly in the Iraqi Kurdistan region. This study incorporated Geoinformation technology into mapping the drought that severely affected the Kurdistan region in the years 2007-2008. Geoinformation technology provides support in the theories, methods and techniques for building, and development of Digital Earth aspect. Five vegetation, soil, water, and land surface temperature (LST) indices were applied to two Landsat 7 ETM + imageries of June 2007 and June 2008, to assess the drought impacts in Erbil governorate Kurdistan during the study period. The indices that were employed in this study were Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, Bare Soil Index, Normalized Differential Water Index, Tasseled Cap Transformation Wetness, and LST. The results revealed a significant decrease in the vegetative cover (56.7%) and a decline in soil/vegetation wetness (29.9%) of the total study area. Likewise, there was a significant reduction in the water bodies surface area in the region such as Dokan Lake, which lost 32.5% of its surface area in comparison with the previous year, 2007. The study results showed that the soil moisture content was the most effective actor on the vegetative cover, LST, and drought status in the study area. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source


Abdulla N.A.,Salahaddin University Erbil
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering | Year: 2015

An important aspect of sustainable construction is the recycling or reuse of the construction and demolition (C&D) waste to maintain a friendly green environment. The wide range of building materials and its compositions inhibit the efficient waste management and complete recycling after demolishing. To contribute in this field and promote the use of local waste as 100% alternative coarse aggregate in construction industry, an experimental program was carried out using samples of main Iraqi building C&D waste. The types of aggregate used represent the three main constituents within recycled aggregates: unbound stone, crushed concrete, and crushed brick. Tests for mechanical properties of different types of recycled aggregate included crushing value and abrasion resistance. Using multilinear correlation analysis, the influences of these aggregate characteristics and other parameters on the properties of recycled aggregate concrete were evaluated. The results showed that the performance of the concrete containing each type of RA was largely influenced by the aggregate nature and quality, in addition to attached mortar content. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers. Source


Al-Barwari S.,Salahaddin University Erbil
Türkiye parazitolojii dergisi / Türkiye Parazitoloji Derneǧi = Acta parasitologica Turcica / Turkish Society for Parasitology | Year: 2012

The main objectives of the present study were to investigate the rock pigeon parasitic communities from Iraq as well as reporting on the prevalence and intensity of various infections from both sexes. An examination of 128 specimens of the live rock pigeon Columba livia from Iraq was undertaken. The samples were obtained from several localities of Iraq. Blood samples were examined for haemoprotozoa, carcasses were investigated for the ectoparasites throughout their body skins and feathers, and the alimentary canal was examined for protozoans and helminths. Twenty-seven species of parasites were identified. They comprised 1 Fungi, Candida sp.; 4 Protozoa, Eimeria labbeana, Trichomonas gallinae, Haemoproteus columbae and Plasmodium sp.; 8 Cestoda, 4 of each of the genera Cotugnia and Raillietina; 4 Nematoda, Ascaridia columbae, A. galli, Capillaria obsignata and Synhimantus spiralis; and 10 Arthropoda, the commonest of which were the wing and tail feather louse Columbicola sp. and the pigeon louse fly Pseudolinchia canariensis. Infection indices are provided for each species and in respect to both sexes of the host. The issue of zoonosis is raised, so is the role of the rock pigeons in acting as a reservoir and spreading some of the disease agents associated with other avian populations including poultry. Seven of the species are newly introduced to the parasitological list of Iraq and for this country the rock pigeon is a new host record for another 9 of the endoparasites that were diagnosed. Source


Maass A.,University of Padua | Suitner C.,University of Padua | Nadhmi F.,Salahaddin University Erbil
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General | Year: 2014

In Western cultures, human interactions are generally envisaged such that the agent appears on the left, the recipient on the right, with action flowing from left to right. Here we explore the joint influence of 2 mechanisms driving such spatial asymmetries: the embodiment of script direction and the order in which subject and object are mentioned. A comparison of 3 language communities (Italian, Malagasy, Arabic) differing in script direction (left-right for Italian and Malagasy and right-left for Arabic) and in subject-object order (subject-verb-object in Italian and Arabic and verb-object-subject in Malagasy) provides evidence for the assumption that both mechanisms contribute to the spatial asymmetry. © 2013 American Psychological Association. Source

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