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Kondoh H.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | Taniguchi K.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | Funatsu T.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | Toda K.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE: Total arch replacement, with a long elephant trunk (ET) anastomosed at the base of the innominate artery using an undersized graft, is performed for a variety of arch aneurysms. We investigated the long-term clinical outcomes of this procedure, as well as its long-term effectiveness for preventing retrograde flow into the aneurysm and further dilation of the descending aorta. Methods: We treated 127 consecutive patients with an arch aneurysm, who were divided into two groups according to the diameter of the descending aorta at the Th6-Th8 thoracic vertebral level: 35 mm or less (Single-ET, n = 94) and >35 mm (Staged-ET, n = 33). The graft diameter was undersized by 10-20% of the distal aortic diameter. ET length was determined by preoperative computed tomography (CT) to locate the distal end at Th6-Th8. Thrombosis around the ET and the descending aorta diameter around the distal end of the ET were evaluated using CT. Results: Two patients (1.6%) died within 30 days, while seven (5.5%) died in the hospital, three (2.4%) had a new stroke, three (2.4%) had permanent paraplegia and one (0.8%) had paraparesis. CT demonstrated complete thrombosis of the perigraft space around the ET in 81 patients (86%) in the Single-ET group and 11 (33%) in the Staged-ET group within 1 month after surgery, but not in the remaining 35 patients. Twenty-seven of the 35 patients without complete thrombosis underwent a subsequent second-stage operation. In those, the descending aorta showed no further dilation around the distal end of the ET, while new-onset perigraft perfusion occurred in two patients in the Single-ET group at 14 and 126 months, respectively. Overall survival was 89, 86, 78 and 74% at 1, 3, 5 and 7 years, respectively. Conclusions: Our operative strategy for extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms using a long ET technique yielded satisfactory short- and long-term outcomes. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. Source

Kainuma S.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization Osaka Rosai Hospital | Kainuma S.,Osaka University | Taniguchi K.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization Osaka Rosai Hospital | Daimon T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 10 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2011

Background-It remains controversial whether restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) for functional mitral regurgitation (MR) can induce functional mitral stenosis (MS) that may cause postoperative residual pulmonary hypertension (PH). Methods and Results-One hundred eight patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and severe MR underwent RMA with stringent downsizing of the mitral annulus. Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and mitral valve performance variables were determined by Doppler echocardiography prospectively and 1 month after RMA. Fifty-eight patients underwent postoperative hemodynamic measurements. Postoperative echocardiography showed a mean pressure half-time of 92±14 ms, a transmitral mean gradient of 2.9±1.1 mm Hg, and a mitral valve effective orifice area of 2.4±0.4 cm, consistent with functional MS. Doppler-derived systolic PAP was 32±8 mm Hg, which correlated weakly with the transmitral mean gradient (ρ=0.23, P=0.02). Postoperative cardiac catheterization also showed significant improvements in LV volume and systolic function, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, cardiac index, and systolic PAP; the latter was associated with LV end-diastolic pressure [standardized partial regression coefficient (SPRC)=0.51], pulmonary vascular resistance (SPRC=0.47), cardiac index (SPRC=0.37), and transmitral pressure gradient (SPRC=0.20). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, postoperative PH (systolic PAP >40 mm Hg), but not mitral valve performance variables, was strongly associated with adverse cardiac events. Conclusions-RMA for functional MR resulted in varying degrees of functional MS. However, our data were more consistent with the residual PH being caused by LV dysfunction and pulmonary vascular disease than by the functional MS. The residual PH, not functional MS, was the major predictor of post-RMA adverse cardiac events. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Tsuchikane E.,Toyohashi Heart Center | Yamane M.,Sayama Hospital | Mutoh M.,Saitama Prefecture Cardiovascular and Respiratory Center | Matsubara T.,Toyohashi Heart Center | And 5 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2013

Objectives This registry evaluated the current trends and outcomes associated with retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Background Since its introduction, several techniques and technologies have been introduced for retrograde PCI for CTO. Methods Eight hundred and one patients who underwent retrograde PCI for CTO in 28 Japanese centers between January 2009 and December 2010 were enrolled in this registry. Results Overall procedural and clinical success rates were 84.8 and 83.8%, respectively, of which, retrograde procedures accounted for 71.2 and 70.3%, respectively. The use of channel dilators increased in 2010 compared to that in 2009 (36 vs. 95.3%, P < 0.0001), attributed improving collateral channel crossing using a wire and catheter (70.6% vs. 81.1%, P = 0.0005) and increased availability of epicardial channels (27.6% vs. 36.9%). The use of the reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking technique also increased (41.9 vs. 66.5%). Although these changes decreased procedure time (203.3 min vs. 187.9 min, P = 0.024), they did not significantly improve overall procedural success rate (84.1% vs. 85.3%, P = 0.63). Multivariate analysis identified age 65 years or more and lesion calcification as unfavorable factors and the use of a channel dilator as a favorable factor for retrograde procedural success. Conclusions Increased availability of channel dilators has altered strategies for retrograde PCI for CTO. However, retrograde PCI for CTO could be improved by overcoming its main obstacle of severe calcification. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Shirakawa T.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Koyama Y.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Mizoguchi H.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Yoshitatsu M.,Kansai Rosai Hospital
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2016

We present a case of a double-chambered right ventricle in adulthood, in which we tried a detailed morphological assessment and preoperative simulation using 3-dimensional (3D) heart models for improved surgical planning. Polygonal object data for the heart were constructed from computed tomography images of this patient, and transferred to a desktop 3D printer to print out models in actual size. Medical staff completed all of the work processes. Because the 3D heart models were examined by hand, observed from various viewpoints and measured by callipers with ease, we were able to create an image of the complete form of the heart. The anatomical structure of an anomalous bundle was clearly observed, and surgical approaches to the lesion were simulated accurately. During surgery, we used an incision on the pulmonary infundibulum and resected three muscular components of the stenosis. The similarity between the models and the actual heart was excellent. As a result, the operation for this rare defect was performed safely and successfully. We concluded that the custom-made model was useful for morphological analysis and preoperative simulation. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Source

Fukuda S.,Osaka Ekisaikai Hospital | Watanabe H.,Heart Center | Iwakura K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Daimon M.,University of Tokyo | And 2 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2015

Background: Physical examination as an initial screening tool to diagnose abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has lost favor over the past 20 years. This multicenter cohort study aimed to determine the prevalence of AAA in elderly Japanese patients with hypertension (HT) and to clarify the diagnostic accuracy of physical examination using a pocket-sized ultrasound imaging device (the “pocket-echo”). Methods and Results: A total of 1,731 patients with HT aged >60 years from 20 collaborating institutions were enrolled in this study. Abdominal palpation was performed on physical examination, and the pocket-echo was used to confirm the diagnosis of AAA. The abdominal aorta was well visualized in 1,692 patients (98%). AAA was discovered in 69 patients (4.1%), with advanced age and male sex identified as independent risk factors. The prevalence of AAA increased according to age regardless of sex, and reached 9.2% and 5.7%, respectively, in males and females ≥80 years. Overall, 33 cases of AAA were missed on abdominal palpation (sensitivity, 52%), whereas for AAAs >40 mm, the sensitivity was 75%. Conclusions: We assessed the utility of the pocket-echo and physical examination for diagnosing AAA in Japanese patients with HT aged over 60 years. Our findings highlight the importance of AAA screening programs in high-risk Japanese populations, and confirm the ability of physical examination to detect large, but not small, AAAs. © 2015, Japanese Circulation Society. All rights reserved. Source

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