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Fukuda S.,Osaka Ekisaikai Hospital | Watanabe H.,Heart Center | Iwakura K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Daimon M.,University of Tokyo | And 2 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2015

Background: Physical examination as an initial screening tool to diagnose abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has lost favor over the past 20 years. This multicenter cohort study aimed to determine the prevalence of AAA in elderly Japanese patients with hypertension (HT) and to clarify the diagnostic accuracy of physical examination using a pocket-sized ultrasound imaging device (the “pocket-echo”). Methods and Results: A total of 1,731 patients with HT aged >60 years from 20 collaborating institutions were enrolled in this study. Abdominal palpation was performed on physical examination, and the pocket-echo was used to confirm the diagnosis of AAA. The abdominal aorta was well visualized in 1,692 patients (98%). AAA was discovered in 69 patients (4.1%), with advanced age and male sex identified as independent risk factors. The prevalence of AAA increased according to age regardless of sex, and reached 9.2% and 5.7%, respectively, in males and females ≥80 years. Overall, 33 cases of AAA were missed on abdominal palpation (sensitivity, 52%), whereas for AAAs >40 mm, the sensitivity was 75%. Conclusions: We assessed the utility of the pocket-echo and physical examination for diagnosing AAA in Japanese patients with HT aged over 60 years. Our findings highlight the importance of AAA screening programs in high-risk Japanese populations, and confirm the ability of physical examination to detect large, but not small, AAAs. © 2015, Japanese Circulation Society. All rights reserved.

Matsue H.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Masai T.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Yoshikawa Y.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Kawamura M.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2010

A 72-year-old female underwent off-pump coronary bypass grafting one month after heparin exposure. Immediately after protamine administration, she developed hypotension due to acute graft failure. Grafting to left anterior descending branch was revised under intraaortic balloon pump insertion and she was transferred to intensive care unit under stable hemodynamic condition. However, she gradually developed low cardiac output syndrome and echocardiography showed new onset of myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography on the first postoperative day revealed diffuse serious coronary thrombosis involving all grafts and grafted native coronary arteries. Emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was performed for native vessels. Laboratory examination revealed severe progressive thrombocytopenia and she was clinically diagnosed as heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). After cessation of all heparins and alternative anticoagulation with argatroban, thrombocytopenia was improved and some of occluded grafts were recanalized. She was discharged on the 51st postoperative day. Acute graft thrombosis, especially caused by HIT, is a serious complication, which sometimes results in mortality. This is a successful case treated by PCI followed by an alternative anticoagulation. © 2010 Published by European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.

Shirakawa T.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Koyama Y.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Mizoguchi H.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Yoshitatsu M.,Kansai Rosai Hospital
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2016

We present a case of a double-chambered right ventricle in adulthood, in which we tried a detailed morphological assessment and preoperative simulation using 3-dimensional (3D) heart models for improved surgical planning. Polygonal object data for the heart were constructed from computed tomography images of this patient, and transferred to a desktop 3D printer to print out models in actual size. Medical staff completed all of the work processes. Because the 3D heart models were examined by hand, observed from various viewpoints and measured by callipers with ease, we were able to create an image of the complete form of the heart. The anatomical structure of an anomalous bundle was clearly observed, and surgical approaches to the lesion were simulated accurately. During surgery, we used an incision on the pulmonary infundibulum and resected three muscular components of the stenosis. The similarity between the models and the actual heart was excellent. As a result, the operation for this rare defect was performed safely and successfully. We concluded that the custom-made model was useful for morphological analysis and preoperative simulation. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.

Kurotobi T.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Iwakura K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Inoue K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Kimura R.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology | Year: 2010

Background-The presence of multiple arrhythmogenic sources may be associated with the perpetuation of atrial fibrillation (AF). In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that multiple foci might be involved in the development of AF persistency. Methods and Results-Two hundred fourteen consecutive patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation were enrolled in this study. The location of the arrhythmogenic foci was determined using simultaneous recordings from multipolar catheters before and after pulmonary vein isolation during an isoproterenol administration. We detected 500 arrhythmogenic foci (263 foci as AF initiators, and 237 foci as non-AF initiators). High-dose isoproterenol infusions (ranging from 2 to 20 μg/min) revealed potential arrhythmogenic foci, especially non-pulmonary vein foci (55%). Persistent AF was more highly associated with an incidence of multiple (>2) foci than paroxysmal AF (88% versus 65%, P=0.002), and a multivariate analysis demonstrated that multiple foci (>2) were an independent contributing factor for persistent AF (odds ratio; 95% confidence interval, 4.69; 1.82 to 12.09, P<0.001). In paroxysmal AF, the number of foci was higher in patients with long-term AF (>24 hours) than in those with short-lasting AF (2.64 ±0.14 versus 1.77±0.16, P=0.001). In the persistent AF group, the patients with short-lasting AF (<12 months) had a greater number of foci than did those with long-term AF (>12 months) (3.62±0.15 versus 1.92±0.16, P=0.04). Conclusions-Multiple foci were likely to be involved in the development of persistent AF. However, if AF persisted for >12 months, they may not have had a significant effect on the AF perpetuation. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.

Okamura A.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Iwakura K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Fujii K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2010

Terumo intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) ViewIT facilitates IVUS-guided wiring in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) due to its low profile and surface coating. In PCI for CTO, the first guidewire is sometimes inserted into the subintimal space, and observation by IVUS through the first guidewire in the subintima can allow the second guidewire to be led visually into the true lumen. We describe a case of CTO in which ViewIT was inserted into the subintimal space of the CTO lesion and scanning from the coronary ostium to the CTO subintimal space allowed the second guidewire to be led into the true lumen. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Kondoh H.,Osaka Rosai Hospital | Taniguchi K.,Osaka Rosai Hospital | Funatsu T.,Osaka Rosai Hospital | Toda K.,Osaka Rosai Hospital | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE: Total arch replacement, with a long elephant trunk (ET) anastomosed at the base of the innominate artery using an undersized graft, is performed for a variety of arch aneurysms. We investigated the long-term clinical outcomes of this procedure, as well as its long-term effectiveness for preventing retrograde flow into the aneurysm and further dilation of the descending aorta. Methods: We treated 127 consecutive patients with an arch aneurysm, who were divided into two groups according to the diameter of the descending aorta at the Th6-Th8 thoracic vertebral level: 35 mm or less (Single-ET, n = 94) and >35 mm (Staged-ET, n = 33). The graft diameter was undersized by 10-20% of the distal aortic diameter. ET length was determined by preoperative computed tomography (CT) to locate the distal end at Th6-Th8. Thrombosis around the ET and the descending aorta diameter around the distal end of the ET were evaluated using CT. Results: Two patients (1.6%) died within 30 days, while seven (5.5%) died in the hospital, three (2.4%) had a new stroke, three (2.4%) had permanent paraplegia and one (0.8%) had paraparesis. CT demonstrated complete thrombosis of the perigraft space around the ET in 81 patients (86%) in the Single-ET group and 11 (33%) in the Staged-ET group within 1 month after surgery, but not in the remaining 35 patients. Twenty-seven of the 35 patients without complete thrombosis underwent a subsequent second-stage operation. In those, the descending aorta showed no further dilation around the distal end of the ET, while new-onset perigraft perfusion occurred in two patients in the Single-ET group at 14 and 126 months, respectively. Overall survival was 89, 86, 78 and 74% at 1, 3, 5 and 7 years, respectively. Conclusions: Our operative strategy for extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms using a long ET technique yielded satisfactory short- and long-term outcomes. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

Nagai H.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Ishibashi-Ueda H.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute | Fujii K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2010

We report on two patients with sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) restenosis lesions who showed highly echolucent regions by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and who could be assessed histologically after removal by directional coronary atherectomy (DCA). One restenosis lesion had a bilayer structure of hyperechoic outer layers and highly echolucent inner layers on OCT images and histologically exhibited myxomatous neointima tissue in the highly echolucent regions; another restenosis case showed patchy and highly echolucent regions throughout the layers and its histology revealed fibrin thrombosis. We should be aware that patterns of echolucent on OCT images may have various histology. OCT allows the visualization of fine lesions that conventional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) cannot provide. The OCT images of drug-eluting stent restenosis lesions often show echolucent regions [Shuzoh et al., EuroInterv 2006;1:484]. However, no histological study of the lesions has been reported to date. Here we report on two patients with SES restenosis lesions that showed highly echolucent regions by OCT and that could be assessed histologically after removal by DCA. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Sotomi Y.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Kikkawa T.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Inoue K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | Tanaka K.,Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology | Year: 2014

Optimal Contact Force for AF Ablation. Background: Regional differences in optimal contact force (CF) to prevent acute pulmonary vein reconnection (APVR) during catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) remain unclear.Methods: This single-center observational study evaluated data from 57 consecutive drug-refractory AF patients (mean age, 62 ± 11 years; 43 males) who underwent initial pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using the THERMOCOOL® SMARTTOUCH™ (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA) catheter from June to August 2013. APVR was defined as the time-dependent reconnection >20 minutes after initial PVI and/or reconnection evoked by intravenous adenosine administration (20 mg). Point-by-point relationships between the reconnected points and their CF values were evaluated.Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate regional difference in optimalCFduringAFablation.Results: Total 72 gaps causing APVR were observed. Of a total of 4,421 ablation points, 285 (6.4%) were associated with APVR. The average CF value of the points with APVR was significantly lower than that of those without (APVR vs. no APVR; 7.5 ± 6.7 g vs. 9.9 ± 8.4 g; P < 0.0001). The areas under the curve and optimal CF values differed between segments (range 0.593-0.761 and 10-22 g, respectively). The optimal CF value was highest in bottom of the right PV and posterosuperior right PV segments (22 g) and lowest in posteroinferior right PV segment (10 g).Conclusions: There was a regional difference in optimal CF values to prevent APVR, and the optimal CF value to prevent APVR with >95% probability was 10-22 g, depending on the individual peri-PV segments.

Tsuchikane E.,Toyohashi Heart Center | Yamane M.,Sayama Hospital | Mutoh M.,Saitama Prefecture Cardiovascular and Respiratory Center | Matsubara T.,Toyohashi Heart Center | And 6 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2013

Objectives This registry evaluated the current trends and outcomes associated with retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Background Since its introduction, several techniques and technologies have been introduced for retrograde PCI for CTO. Methods Eight hundred and one patients who underwent retrograde PCI for CTO in 28 Japanese centers between January 2009 and December 2010 were enrolled in this registry. Results Overall procedural and clinical success rates were 84.8 and 83.8%, respectively, of which, retrograde procedures accounted for 71.2 and 70.3%, respectively. The use of channel dilators increased in 2010 compared to that in 2009 (36 vs. 95.3%, P < 0.0001), attributed improving collateral channel crossing using a wire and catheter (70.6% vs. 81.1%, P = 0.0005) and increased availability of epicardial channels (27.6% vs. 36.9%). The use of the reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking technique also increased (41.9 vs. 66.5%). Although these changes decreased procedure time (203.3 min vs. 187.9 min, P = 0.024), they did not significantly improve overall procedural success rate (84.1% vs. 85.3%, P = 0.63). Multivariate analysis identified age 65 years or more and lesion calcification as unfavorable factors and the use of a channel dilator as a favorable factor for retrograde procedural success. Conclusions Increased availability of channel dilators has altered strategies for retrograde PCI for CTO. However, retrograde PCI for CTO could be improved by overcoming its main obstacle of severe calcification. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Kainuma S.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization Osaka Rosai Hospital | Kainuma S.,Osaka University | Taniguchi K.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization Osaka Rosai Hospital | Daimon T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 10 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2011

Background-It remains controversial whether restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) for functional mitral regurgitation (MR) can induce functional mitral stenosis (MS) that may cause postoperative residual pulmonary hypertension (PH). Methods and Results-One hundred eight patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and severe MR underwent RMA with stringent downsizing of the mitral annulus. Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and mitral valve performance variables were determined by Doppler echocardiography prospectively and 1 month after RMA. Fifty-eight patients underwent postoperative hemodynamic measurements. Postoperative echocardiography showed a mean pressure half-time of 92±14 ms, a transmitral mean gradient of 2.9±1.1 mm Hg, and a mitral valve effective orifice area of 2.4±0.4 cm, consistent with functional MS. Doppler-derived systolic PAP was 32±8 mm Hg, which correlated weakly with the transmitral mean gradient (ρ=0.23, P=0.02). Postoperative cardiac catheterization also showed significant improvements in LV volume and systolic function, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, cardiac index, and systolic PAP; the latter was associated with LV end-diastolic pressure [standardized partial regression coefficient (SPRC)=0.51], pulmonary vascular resistance (SPRC=0.47), cardiac index (SPRC=0.37), and transmitral pressure gradient (SPRC=0.20). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, postoperative PH (systolic PAP >40 mm Hg), but not mitral valve performance variables, was strongly associated with adverse cardiac events. Conclusions-RMA for functional MR resulted in varying degrees of functional MS. However, our data were more consistent with the residual PH being caused by LV dysfunction and pulmonary vascular disease than by the functional MS. The residual PH, not functional MS, was the major predictor of post-RMA adverse cardiac events. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.

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