Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Ann Arbor, MI, United States

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Embodiments of the present invention relate to apparatuses and methods for fabricating electrochemical cells. One embodiment of the present invention comprises a single chamber configurable to deposit different materials on a substrate spooled between two reels. In one embodiment, the substrate is moved in the same direction around the reels, with conditions within the chamber periodically changed to result in the continuous build-up of deposited material over time. Another embodiment employs alternating a direction of movement of the substrate around the reels, with conditions in the chamber differing with each change in direction to result in the sequential build-up of deposited material over time. The chamber is equipped with different sources of energy and materials to allow the deposition of the different layers of the electrochemical cell.


A vehicle propulsion system comprising a plurality of solid state rechargeable battery cells configured to power a drivetrain. In accordance with once aspect of the invention, a transportation system that is powered at least in part by electricity stored in the form of rechargeable electrochemical cells. According to an embodiment of the present invention, these cells are combined in series and in parallel to form a pack that is regulated by charge and discharge control circuits that are programmed with algorithms to monitor state of charge, battery lifetime, and battery health.


Patent
Sakti3 Inc. | Date: 2015-02-02

In an example, a solid-state battery apparatus is provided. The apparatus has a plurality of battery cell devices, each of the devices having an anode device, an electrolyte device, and a cathode device. The apparatus has an equivalent circuit (EC) numbered from 1 through N characterizing the plurality of battery cells devices, a state of charge characterizing the plurality of battery cell devices, and a resistor, capacitor, or other electrical parameters provided in the equivalent circuit.


Electrochemical cells or batteries featuring functional gradations, and having desirable, periodic configurations, and methods for making the same. One or more methods, in alone or in combination, are utilized to fabricate components of such electrochemical cells or batteries, which are designed to achieve certain thermal, mechanical, kinetic and spatial characteristics, and their effects, singly and in all possible combinations, on battery performance. The thermal characteristics relate to temperature distribution during charge and discharge processes. The kinetic characteristics relate to rate performance of the cells or batteries such as the ionic diffusion process and electron conduction. The mechanical characteristics relate to lifetime and efficiency of the cells or batteries such as the strength and moduli of the component materials. Finally, the spatial characteristics relate to the energy and power densities, stress and temperature mitigation mechanisms, and diffusion and conduction enhancements. The electrochemical cells or batteries constructed according to the methods presented in this invention are useful for all applications that require high rate performance, high energy/power density, good durability, high safety and long lifetime.


A method for manufacturing a solid-state battery device. The method can include providing a substrate within a process region of an apparatus. A cathode source and an anode source can be subjected to one or more energy sources to transfer thermal energy into a portion of the source materials to evaporate into a vapor phase. An ionic species from an ion source can be introduced and a thickness of solid-state battery materials can be formed overlying the surface region by interacting the gaseous species derived from the plurality of electrons and the ionic species. During formation of the thickness of the solid-state battery materials, the surface region can be maintained in a vacuum environment from about 106 to 104 Torr. Active materials comprising cathode, electrolyte, and anode with non-reactive species can be deposited for the formation of modified modulus layers, such a void or voided porous like materials.


Patent
Sakti3 Inc. | Date: 2015-12-10

A method and apparatus for manufacturing electrochemical cells. The apparatus and method includes the modification of solid phase material used in electrochemical cells, such as batteries, into a viscous phase for ease of metering and dispensing onto a hot wall reactor to create a substantially uniform cloud of vapor to be deposited on a substrate or other stacks of cells in a continuous or semi-continuous process and having the useful advantage of depositing large volumes of materials for economical manufacturing.


A method and system for designing a manufacturing facility for solid state thin film battery devices. The method can include providing a plurality of processing tools for arrangement within a predetermined spatial region of one or more manufacturing facilities. A plurality of variables can be assigned for the plurality of processing tools. A target financial variable can be defined to evaluate different manufacturing processing tool configurations. The plurality of variables in the tensor relationship can be processed to reduce a magnitude of the target variable. An optimized set of the plurality of processing tools and respective configuration with the plurality of tools associated with the reduced magnitude of the target variable can be determined through processing. The optimized set of the plurality of processing tools in the respective configuration can be used in the one or more manufacturing facilities for the manufacture of a solid state thin film battery device.


A vehicle propulsion system comprising a plurality of solid state rechargeable battery cells configured to power a drivetrain is disclosed. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, a transportation system that is powered at least in part by electricity stored in the form of rechargeable electrochemical cells. According to an embodiment of the present invention, these cells are combined in series and in parallel to form a pack that is regulated by charge and discharge control circuits that are programmed with algorithms to monitor state of charge, battery lifetime, and battery health.


A method for fabricating a solid state battery device. The device can include electrochemically active layers and an overlaying barrier material, with an inter-digitated layer structure configured with a post terminated lead structure. The method can include forming a plurality of battery device cell regions (1N) formed in a multi-stacked configuration, wherein each of the battery device cell regions comprises a first current collector and a second current collector. The method can also include forming a thickness of a first and second lead material to cause formation of a first and second lead structure to interconnect each of the first and second current collectors associated with each of the plurality of battery device cell regions and to isolate each of the second current collectors extending spatially outside of the battery device cell region within a first and second isolated region, respectively.


A vehicle propulsion system comprising a plurality of solid state rechargeable battery cells configured to power a drivetrain. In accordance with once aspect of the invention, a transportation system that is powered at least in part by electricity stored in the form of rechargeable electrochemical cells. According to an embodiment of the present invention, these cells are combined in series and in parallel to form a pack that is regulated by charge and discharge control circuits that are programmed with algorithms to monitor state of charge, battery lifetime, and battery health.

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