Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia

Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia
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News Article | March 11, 2016
Site: cleantechnica.com

They come from the West Coast, as far south as California, as north as Alaska, and as east as the Atlantic coast. Their joint letter refers to “Misrepresentation,” “lack of information,” and “Disregard for science that was not funded by the proponent.” Scientists condemn the flawed review process for Lelu Island, at the mouth of British Columbia’s Skeena River, as “a symbol of what is wrong with environmental decision-making in Canada.” More than 130 scientists signed on to this letter. “This letter is not about being for or against LNG, the letter is about scientific integrity in decision-making,” said Dr. Jonathan Moore, Liber Ero Chair of Coastal Science and Management, Simon Fraser University. One of the other signatories is Otto Langer, former Chief of Habitat Assessment at Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), who wrote: These are tough words for a Federal government that promised to put teeth back in the gutted environmental review process. In Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s defense, this is yet another problem he inherited from the previous administration, and the task of cleaning up this mess seems enormous. That said, this government was aware the environmental review process was broken before it was elected and has not intervened to at least stop the process from moving forward until it is prepared to take action. The Liberal Government appears to be facing a tough decision. So far, it has attempted to work with the provinces. On Lelu Island, as well as the equally controversial proposed Kinder Morgan Pipeline  expansion and Site C Dam project, continuing to support Premier Clak’s policies in this manner would appear to necessitate betraying the trust of the Canadian people. Here are a few choice excerpts from the public letter that more than 130 scientists sent to Catherine McKenna and Prime Minister Trudeau: ” … The CEAA draft report has not accurately characterized the importance of the project area, the Flora Bank region, for fish. The draft CEAA report1 states that the “…marine habitats around Lelu Island are representative of marine ecosystems throughout the north coast of B.C.”. In contrast, five decades of science has repeatedly documented that this habitat is NOT representative of other areas along the north coast or in the greater Skeena River estuary, but rather that it is exceptional nursery habitat for salmon2-6 that support commercial, recreational, and First Nation fisheries from throughout the Skeena River watershed and beyond7. A worse location is unlikely to be found for PNW LNG with regards to potential risks to fish and fisheries….” ” … CEAA’s draft report concluded that the project is not likely to cause adverse effects on fish in the estuarine environment, even when their only evidence for some species was an absence of information. For example, eulachon, a fish of paramount importance to First Nations and a Species of Special Concern8, likely use the Skeena River estuary and project area during their larval, juvenile, and adult life-stages. There has been no systematic study of eulachon in the project area. Yet CEAA concluded that the project posed minimal risks to this fish…” ” … CEAA’s draft report is not a balanced consideration of the best-available science. On the contrary, CEAA relied upon conclusions presented in proponent-funded studies which have not been subjected to independent peer-review and disregarded a large and growing body of relevant independent scientific research, much of it peer-reviewed and published…” ” …The PNW LNG project presents many different potential risks to the Skeena River estuary and its fish, including, but not limited to, destruction of shoreline habitat, acid rain, accidental spills of fuel and other contaminants, dispersal of contaminated sediments, chronic and acute sound, seafloor destruction by dredging the gas pipeline into the ocean floor, and the erosion and food-web disruption from the trestle structure. Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and Natural Resources Canada provided detailed reviews12 on only one risk pathway – habitat erosion – while no such detailed reviews were conducted on other potential impacts or their cumulative effects…” ” … CEAA’s draft report concluded that the project posed moderate risks to marine fish but that these risks could be mitigated. However, the proponent has not fully developed their mitigation plans and the plans that they have outlined are scientifically dubious. For example, the draft assessment states that destroyed salmon habitat will be mitigated; the “proponent identified 90 000 m2 of lower productivity habitats within five potential offsetting sites that could be modified to increase the productivity of fisheries”, when in fact, the proponent did not present data on productivity of Skeena Estuary habitats for fish at any point in the CEAA process. Without understanding relationships between fish and habitat, the proposed mitigation could actually cause additional damage to fishes of the Skeena River estuary…” British Columbia Institute of Technology 1. Marvin Rosenau, Ph.D., Professor, British Columbia Institute of Technology. 2. Eric M. Anderson, Ph.D., Faculty, British Columbia Institute of Technology. British Columbia Ministry of Environment 1. R. S. Hooton, M.Sc., Former Senior Fisheries Management Authority for British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Skeena Region. California Academy of Sciences 1. John E. McCosker, Ph.D., Chair of Aquatic Biology, Emeritus, California Academy of Sciences. Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada 1. Otto E. Langer, M.Sc., R.P.Bio., Fisheries Biologist, Former Chief of Habitat Assessment, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada Memorial University of Newfoundland 1. Ian A. Fleming, Ph.D., Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland. 2. Brett Favaro, Ph.D., Liber Ero conservation fellow, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research 1. Rachel Malison, Ph.D., Marie Curie Fellow and Research Ecologist, The Norwegian Institute for Nature Research. Russian Academy of Science 1. Alexander I. Vedenev, Ph.D., Head of Ocean Noise Laboratory, Russian Academy of Science 2. Victor Afanasiev, Ph.D., Russian Academy of Sciences. Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography 1. Alexander Shubin, M.Sc. Fisheries Biologist, Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography. Simon Fraser University, BC 1. Jonathan W. Moore, Ph.D., Liber Ero Chair of Coastal Science and Management, Associate Professor, Simon Fraser University. 2. Randall M. Peterman, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus and Former Canada Research Chair in Fisheries Risk Assessment and Management, Simon Fraser University. 3. John D. Reynolds, Ph.D., Tom Buell BC Leadership Chair in Salmon Conservation, Professor, Simon Fraser University 4. Richard D. Routledge, Ph.D., Professor, Simon Fraser University. 5. Evelyn Pinkerton, Ph.D., School of Resource and Environmental Management, Professor, Simon Fraser University. 6. Dana Lepofsky, Ph.D., Professor, Simon Fraser University 7. Nicholas Dulvy, Ph.D., Canada Research Chair in Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Professor, Simon Fraser University. 8. Ken Lertzman, Ph.D., Professor, Simon Fraser University. 9. Isabelle M. Côté, Ph.D., Professor, Simon Fraser University. 10. Brendan Connors, Ph.D., Senior Systems Ecologist, ESSA Technologies Ltd., Adjunct Professor, Simon Fraser University. 11. Lawrence Dill, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Simon Fraser University. 12. Patricia Gallaugher, Ph.D., Adjunct Professor, Simon Fraser University. 13. Anne Salomon, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Simon Fraser University. 14. Arne Mooers, Ph.D., Professor, Simon Fraser University. 15. Lynne M. Quarmby, Ph.D., Professor, Simon Fraser University. 16. Wendy J. Palen, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Simon Fraser University. University of Alaska 1. Peter Westley, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Fisheries, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 2. Anne Beaudreau, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Fisheries, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 3. Megan V. McPhee, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of Alaska Fairbanks. University of Alberta 1. David.W. Schindler, Ph.D., Killam Memorial Professor of Ecology Emeritus, University of Alberta. 2. Suzanne Bayley, Ph.D., Emeritus Professor, University of Alberta. University of British Columbia 1. John G. Stockner, Ph.D., Emeritus Senior Scientist DFO, West Vancouver Laboratory, Adjuct Professor, University of British Columbia. 2. Kai M.A. Chan, Ph.D., Canada Research Chair in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia 3. Hadi Dowlatabadi, Ph.D., Canada Research Chair in Applied Mathematics and Integrated Assessment of Global Change, Professor, University of British Columbia 4. Sarah P. Otto, Ph.D., Professor and Director, Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia. 5. Michael Doebeli, Ph.D., Professor, University of British Columbia. 6. Charles J. Krebs, Ph.D., Professor, University of British Columbia. 7. Amanda Vincent, Ph.D., Professor, University of British Columbia. 8. Michael Healey, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia. University of California (various campuses) 1. Mary E. Power, Ph.D., Professor, University of California, Berkeley 2. Peter B. Moyle, Ph.D., Professor, University of California. 3. Heather Tallis, Ph.D., Chief Scientist, The Nature Conservancy, Adjunct Professor, University of California, Santa Cruz. 4. James A. Estes, Ph.D., Professor, University of California. 5. Eric P. Palkovacs, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of California-Santa Cruz. 6. Justin D. Yeakel, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of California. 7. John L. Largier, Ph.D., Professor, University of California Davis. University of Montana 1. Jack A. Stanford, Ph.D., Professor of Ecology, University of Montana. 2. Andrew Whiteley, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of Montana. 3. F. Richard Hauer, Ph.D., Professor and Director, Center for Integrated Research on the Environment, University of Montana. University of New Brunswick 1. Richard A. Cunjak, Ph.D., Professor, University of New Brunswick. University of Ontario Institute of Technology 1. Douglas A. Holdway, Ph.D., Canada Research Chair in Aquatic Toxicology, Professor, University of Ontario Institute of Technology. University of Ottawa 1. Jeremy Kerr, Ph.D., University Research Chair in Macroecology and Conservation, Professor, University of Ottawa University of Toronto 1. Martin Krkosek, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of Toronto. Gail McCabe, Ph.D., University of Toronto. University of Victoria 1. Chris T. Darimont, Ph.D., Associate Professor, University of Victoria 2. John Volpe, Ph.D., Associate Professor, University of Victoria. 3. Aerin Jacob, Ph.D., Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Victoria. 4. Briony E.H. Penn, Ph.D., Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria. 5. Natalie Ban, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria. 6. Travis G. Gerwing, Ph.D., Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Victoria. 7. Eric Higgs, Ph.D., Professor, University of Victoria. 8. Paul C. Paquet, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Raincoast Conservation Foundation, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria. 9. James K. Rowe, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of Victoria. University of Washington 1. Charles Simenstad, Ph.D., Professor, University of Washington. 2. Daniel Schindler, Ph.D., Harriet Bullitt Endowed Chair in Conservation, Professor, University of Washington. 3. Julian D. Olden, Ph.D., Associate Professor, University of Washington. 4. P. Sean McDonald, Ph.D., Research Scientist, University of Washington. 5. Tessa Francis, Ph.D., Research Scientist, University of Washington. University of Windsor 1. Hugh MacIsaac, Ph.D., Canada Research Chair Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, Professor, University of Windsor. Photo Credits: 9 of the scientist condemning the CEAA review are professors at the University of Victoria. Photo shows U Vic students listening to a UN official in 2012 by Herb Neufeld via Flickr (CC BY SA, 2.0 License); Screen shot from a Liberal campaign video in which Trudeau promised to bring real change to Ottawa;8 of the scientist condemning the CEAA review are professors at the University of British Columbia. Photo of UBC by abdallahh via Flickr (CC BY SA, 2.0 License);5 of the scientists condemning the CEAA review are from the University of Washington. Photo is Mary Gates Hall, in the University of Washington by PRONam-ho Park Follow via Flickr (CC BY SA, 2.0 License);5 of the scientists condemning the CEAA review are from the Skeena Fisheries Commission. Photo is Coast mountains near the mouth of the Skeena River by Roy Luck via Flickr (CC BY SA, 2.0 License);16 of the scientists condemning the CEAA review were professors at Simon Fraser University. Photo shows SFU’s Reflective Pool by Jon the Happy Web Creative via Flickr (CC BY SA, 2.0 License)    Get CleanTechnica’s 1st (completely free) electric car report → “Electric Cars: What Early Adopters & First Followers Want.”   Come attend CleanTechnica’s 1st “Cleantech Revolution Tour” event → in Berlin, Germany, April 9–10.   Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter.  


Zhivoglyadov A.A.,Azov Research Institute of Fisheries | Ignatyev U.I.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography | Zhivoglyadova L.A.,Azov Research Institute of Fisheries
Journal of Ichthyology | Year: 2017

The efficiency of reproduction of Pacific salmons of the genus Oncorhynchus in the rivers of the northwestern coast of Sakhalin Island is characterized on the basis of long-term data (1989−2014). Differences between the rivers in the northern and southern parts of the region under study have been revealed with respect to the channel type, faunistic composition of the aquatic biota, and prevailing species of salmons. A high spawning efficiency of pink salmon O. gorbuscha, high densities of filling of spawning grounds, and a relatively poor composition of the freshwater ichthyofauna have been recorded in the rivers of the northern part with the mountain–piedmont type of channel. Varied fish population and the high spawning efficiency of chum salmon O. keta have been recorded in the rivers of the southern part with the mainly lowland channel. The salmon spawning area in the rivers of the northern and southern parts has been estimated. The data on the dynamics of the abundance of salmons on the northwestern coast of Sakhalin are given. The total value of the passage of spawners to the rivers of northwestern Sakhalin that is required for effective reproduction has been estimated, ranging from 0.672 to 1.639 million specimens for pink salmon and approximately 0.43 million specimens for chum salmon. © 2017, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Poltev Y.N.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography | Faizulin D.R.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Russian Journal of Marine Biology | Year: 2013

The infestation of walleye pollock with a parasitic copepod Haemobaphes diceraus at the coasts of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands was studied during the spring of 2008. The extensiveness of the infestation in Pacific waters of the northern Kurils was 1.85-1.97%. In the southern Kurils it was from 2.0% (northeast of Iturup Island) to 7.41% (Prostor Bay), in the Tatar Strait it was 1.61%, and off northern Sakhalin Island it was 0.46%. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Poltev Y.N.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography | Steksova V.V.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Russian Journal of Marine Biology | Year: 2010

The spawn of liparid fishes of the genus Squaloliparis (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) was found in crab traps in waters of southeastern Sakhalin. In some cases, the eggs were at the third and fourth stages of development. The period of development of the eggs did not exceed 94-96 h. The egg masses apparently belong to Squaloliparis dentatus. © 2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Poltev Y.N.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Russian Journal of Marine Biology | Year: 2010

During a study performed in April 2008 in the Pacific waters of the northern Kuril Islands, the parasitic copepod Haemobaphes diceraus was found localized on the isthmus of two specimens of the walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma. In both cases, the parasite directly penetrated the heart, without entering the blood vessels. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2010.


Material was collected in 1997-1999, 2002, and 2006 at the eastern coast of the northern Kuril Islands and at the southeastern extremity of Kamchatka. The prevalence of infection by the parasitic copepod Haemobaphes diceraus in the cod Gadus macrocephalus during the study period averaged 22.2%. The intensity of H. diceraus infection was up to 6 ind/fish, and it increased with decrease in the average and greatest body length of the cod. With increase in fish body length, the role of the fourth branchial arch as the attachment site of the parasite decreased and the importance of the second branchial arch increased. Pacific cod mainly become infected by H. diceraus at depths of 101-150 m. A sharp increase in the occurrence of chitinized remains of this parasite occurred in fish starting with the 41-45 cm size group. The death rate of infected cod up to 40 cm long was 14.3%. © 2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Labay V.S.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Zoologicheskii Zhurnal | Year: 2013

A detailed description of the amphipod Protomedeia chelata Kudrjaschov 1965 from the Sea of Okhotsk shelf at northeastern Sakhalin is given. The description of males is essentially expanded. The description of P. chelata females is given for the first time; male of P. chelata is described in more detail.


Kaev A.M.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Journal of Ichthyology | Year: 2015

Results of study of scale structure of 17 generations of pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha from the southeastern coast of Sakhalin (return in 1994–2001, 2005–2013) are presented. The absence of statistically significant correlation between the number of sclerites on scale and duration of staying of fish of separate generations in seawaters and body length was established. Values of intersclerite distances on scales positively correlate with fish length, which allows the use of this index for characteristic of pink salmon growth. At calculation of the rate of growth of fish, fry length at the moment of formation of central scale plate was introduced into the formula. It was found that interannual variation of scleritograms of the first annual zone of the growth of scales by its magnitude is comparable to regional. Specific features of growth of pink salmon to a greater extent are apparently determined by temperature conditions rather than the level of development of its food resources. Survival of generations of pink salmon during marine period of life positively correlates with the rate of growth of fingerlings, which can be used in prognostic purposes. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Sokolov S.G.,RAS A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution | Frolov E.V.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Zoologicheskii Zhurnal | Year: 2012

Parasites of the Amur sleeper from Sladkoe Lake located in the northwestern part of Sakhalin Island are described for the first time. A total of 24 species and unidentified forms of parasites were recorded; 11 species (forms) were described as new ones. More than half of the parasites were found in 1-2 individuals. Rhaphidascaris acus juveniles and Apatemon gracilis metacercariae were the most abundant parasites in rotans. Probably, the predominance of these species is caused by their accumulation in the host. Shannon, Brillouin and Berger-Parker indexes, which characterize the α-diversity of Amur sleeper's parasites in Sladkoe Lake, were determined. The data on the parasite fauna of Amur sleeper within its native range were obtained for the first time. Sixty-seven parasite species and unidentified forms were recorded. For 13 parasites species, Amur sleeper is the only or one of the not numerous obligate hosts. Trematoda was found to be the most numerous taxonomic group (31.3% species). Parasites are listed with notes on their location and references.


Rybnikova I.G.,Far Eastern State Technical University | Pushnikova G.M.,Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Russian Journal of Marine Biology | Year: 2015

Data on the interannual and seasonal variations in the rate of infection of Pacific herring with larval nematodes Anisakis simplex in some waters of the Far Eastern seas are considered. A total of 5076 fish were examined. An analysis of dynamics in the infection rate showed its reduction from the spawning to feeding seasons. The relative abundance of infected fish that remained after spawning is estimated for various waters. The ways in which parasites are removed from fish and also the level of threat that this infection poses to humans are discussed. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

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